Poetry unit
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Poetry Unit. 12 CP English . Lyric poem Activity. Identify if there is a rhyming scheme for your lyric poem. Is there a line, phrase, or word that is repeated? What is the topic of the poem? What is the overall mood created by the poem? Does the poem seem personal and/or emotional?

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Poetry Unit

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Poetry unit

Poetry Unit

12 CP English

Lyric poem activity

Lyric poem Activity

  • Identify if there is a rhyming scheme for your lyric poem. Is there a line, phrase, or word that is repeated?

  • What is the topic of the poem? What is the overall mood created by the poem?

  • Does the poem seem personal and/or emotional?

  • How many lines is the poem you chose?

  • What made you select this poem for today?

Lyric poetry

Lyric Poetry

  • Originated by the Greeks

  • Lyric Age: lyric poems were different than the epic poetry the population was used to.

    • This was the 1st time in history that poets told us their name and sang of their loves, hates, triumphs and failures.

    • Up to this point, the poetry was all about heroic deeds of warriors and gods.

Lyric poetry1

Lyric poetry

  • Lyric poem: poetry that focuses on expressing private emotions or thoughts

    • Sonnets and Ballads are also examples of lyric poetry

  • Elements that make up a lyric poem:

    • customarily accompanied by music

    • brief

    • intensely passionate

    • emotional

    • down-to-earth

Rhyme schemes

Rhyme schemes

  • There are a variety of “rhyming schemes” for lyric poetry…

    • Some examples:

      • 1st & 2nd and 3rd & 4th each stanza rhyme

      • 2nd and 4th lines of each stanza rhyme

      • repeat a phrase or line throughout the stanzas

        • ie. Starting with each line with the same phrase or ending each verse with the same line

      • use a “chorus” of 2-4 lines in between stanzas



  • Writing your own lyric poem-

  • Topic Choices:

  • LoveHateTriumphFailure

  • Requirements:

  • Rough draft: Handwritten or typed due Tuesday

  • Final: Typed and titled due Wednesday

  • 2-4 verses, 1 chorus repeated

  • Rhyme Scheme: use one of the examples mentioned before

Lyric poem rough draft due

Lyric Poem: Rough draft DUE!

Lyric evaluation

Lyric Evaluation

  • What’s your topic? Why this topic?

  • What’s your intended mood?

  • What words do you want to stand out to the reader?

  • Is there a rhyming scheme? What is it? (AABB, ABAB, ABCB) None? Why?

  • Is there a line, word, or phrase that repeats?

  • Do you have a chorus? How many lines make up the chorus? And how many times does it repeat?

  • What are your concerns regarding your final draft at this time?



  • Final draft of the lyric poem due! 3 hole punch and place in “portfolio”.

  • Author’s Chair

  • Sonnets and Ballads

Sonnet and ballads

Sonnet and Ballads

12 CP English

Poetry Unit



  • Ballad: a song or songlike poem, often from the oral tradition, that tells a story.

    • Most ballads have a rhythm and rhyme and use simple language and refrains as well as other kids of repetition.

    • AKA- narrative songs

  • Ballads were popular in the medieval age.

  • They told the kind of sensational stories that make the headlines of today’s tabloids– stories about murder, love, revenge.

  • Typical ballad stanza is a quatrain (4 line stanza) with the rhyme scheme abcb.



  • Sonnet: a 14 line lyric poem, usually written in iambic pentameter, that has one of several traditional rhyme schemes.

    • 2 types: Petrarchan (Italian) and Shakespearean (English)

  • Petrarchan (Italian) Sonnet

    • 2 parts: An 8 line stanza called the octave where a problem or question is posed (rhyme scheme: abbaabba) and a 6 line stanza called the sestet where the answer or resolution is presented (cdecde OR cdcdcd, OR ccdeed). At the end of the octave or the beginning of the sestet, there is a line where the poem begins to take an abrupt turn this is called the volta.

Petrarchan sonnet italian

Petrarchan sonnet (Italian)

Red: Octave

Blue: Volta

Black: Sestet

  • Sonnet 15 by Petrarch

  • Tears, bitten tears fall in a bitter rain,

  • And my heart trembles with a storm of sighs

  • When on your beauty bend my burning eyes,

  • For whose sole sake the world seems flat and vain.

  • But ah, when I can see that smile again,

  • That chaste, sweet, delicate smile, then passion dies

  • Withered in its own flaming agonies:

  • Gazing upon you, passion is lost and pain.

  • But all too soon my very soul is rocked

  • When you depart and with your passing dear

  • Pluck from my perilous heaven my stars, O Sweet!

  • Then at the last, but Love’s own keys unlocked,

  • My soul from our my body leaping clear

  • On wings of meditation finds your feet.



  • Turn to page 682 and read Sonnet 61 and To Helene and complete the worksheet.

Do now

Do Now:

  • Hand in “Sonnet 61” and “To Helene” homework in the basket

  • Get out Poetry Notes:

    • We will finish notes on English Sonnets



  • Shakespearean (English) Sonnet

    • 3 quatrains (4 lined stanzas that express a related message) following by a couplet (a 2 line concluding stanza) with the rhyming scheme of ababcdcdefefgg

Poetry assignment 2 sonnet

Poetry Assignment #2: Sonnet

  • Write a sonnet using any topic that you choose but you must follow the appropriate guidelines for the format chosen (Italian or English)

  • Refer back to your notes on the two forms of a sonnet. Use the sonnets discussed in class as examples.

  • Rough draft due Monday, 9/16

Sonnet 5 from the sonnets to orpheus

Sonnet 5 (from the sonnets to orpheus)

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