Source Synthesis. ESL501 Created by Katherine Wu Modified by Jihye Yoon. Defining Synthesis. What does it mean to synthesize? What, then, does it mean to synthesize sources? Why is it important to synthesize sources in a literature review?.
Created by Katherine Wu
Modified by Jihye Yoon
Research Question: What are the purposes of ESL classes in universities?
Step 2: Based on the recurring topics in the grid, organize your source synthesis by topics instead of sources
E.g. According to recent literature that discusses the purposes of ESL classes, there are four main functions. To begin with, author A and author D point out that ESL classes help students with their grammar errors….In addition, both author A and author B states that ESL classes help students form communities and develop better relationships….Furthermore, many experts, including author A, C and D claims that one of the students learn organization skills….Finally, author B, C and D, all emphasized the importance of addressing the issue of plagiarism in ESL classes in accordance with university policies.
Step1: List out the main ideas in each source
Step2: Based on the recurring topics in the grid, organize your source synthesis by topics instead of sources
1) Synthesize the literature to be discussed
2) Describe the literature to be discussed
E.g. 1) Much of the literature points out that whole capital punishment does not stop crime, most Americans still believe that it does stop crime.
E.g. 2) Not only does the literature agree that capital punishment does not stop crime, Prejean, Fitzpatrick and Marshall also suggests that capital punishment may in fact cause more crime.
Now support the topic sentences you created, with summaries, paraphrases or quotations.