Faculty Development for web-based instruction. Many universities are following the trend of online, or web-based instruction However, faculty are not provided with adequate professional development in order to effectively use technology, or pedagogical resources to improve content & quality
“Within both the distance education and general education framework, new standards are being defined based on a student-centered curriculum, increased interactive learning, integration of technology into the educational system, and collaborative study activities. Core to these changes is an examination of the fundamental principles of what constitutes quality instructional interaction. Without a firm understanding of these principles, decisions are made based on the merits of the technology or methodologies without consideration of the long-term and potential benefit to the student” (Ragan, 1999, p.1)
1. the larger workload occasioned by increased preparation time;
2. intellectual property--that is, who owns a course and instructional material; and
3. the need for specialized training for faculty. (p. 5)
In addition, many faculty members have inadequate technology services and support within their institutions.
Howell, Williams, and Lindsay (2003): there is a continued need for “faculty development, support and training” (p. 4).
Wray et al. (2008): faculty teach web courses differently than face to face, and Universities must continually support faculty in online course design, development and implementation.