Voluntary eu risk assessment for lead
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VOLUNTARY EU RISK ASSESSMENT FOR LEAD. Challenges and Opportunities for the Crystal Industry. Craig Boreiko Waterford, Ireland October 2002. TOPICS. Why a voluntary effort? Components of Official RARs The Voluntary Lead Effort Issues for the Crystal Industry. RECENT LEAD RESTRICTIONS.

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VOLUNTARY EU RISK ASSESSMENT FOR LEAD

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Voluntary eu risk assessment for lead

VOLUNTARY EU RISK ASSESSMENT FOR LEAD

Challenges and Opportunities for the Crystal Industry

Craig Boreiko

Waterford, Ireland

October 2002


Topics

TOPICS

  • Why a voluntary effort?

  • Components of Official RARs

  • The Voluntary Lead Effort

  • Issues for the Crystal Industry


Recent lead restrictions

RECENT LEAD RESTRICTIONS

  • EU directives

    • end–of–life vehicles

    • waste electrical and electronic equipment

    • construction and demolition waste

  • Danish lead ban


Common theme

COMMON THEME

  • No sound science

    • out of date information

    • no assessment of risks

  • Product restrictions implemented with no demonstrable benefit


Why a voluntary risk assessment

WHY A VOLUNTARY RISK ASSESSMENT?

  • Growing number of restrictions

  • No sound science

  • No prospect of official risk assessment


Eu risk assessment

EU RISK ASSESSMENT

  • Systematic Assessment of risks for Human Health & Environment

  • >10,000 substances….4 priority lists

  • Links to EU Risk Management, e.g.

    • Water Framework Directive

    • Marketing & Use Directive (EU 76/769)

  • Technical Guidance Document

  • Rapporteur

  • Technical Meeting (TM) of EU Member States


Eu risk assessment1

EU RISK ASSESSMENT

  • Establishes classification (eg CMR)

  • For human health it evaluates risk

    • From occupational exposure

    • For consumer exposure

    • From indirect exposure via environment

  • Assesses risk from production and use upon water sediment and soil compartments

    • Local impacts

    • Regional impacts


Eu risk assessment2

EU RISK ASSESSMENT

  • Three potential outcomes possible:

    • Conclusion i: Need additional information

    • Conclusion ii: No risk

    • Conclusion iii: Potential risk and risk reduction needs.


A new approach

A NEW APPROACH

  • Established EU RAR procedure but no provision for voluntary approach

  • Key issue – credibility

  • Extensive discussions with European Commission and Member States

  • Agreement reached December 2001


Political agreement

POLITICAL AGREEMENT

  • Agreement reached between

    • European Commission (DG Enterprise & DG Environment)

    • European Chemicals Bureau

    • Dutch Government

    • other Member States


Industry

INDUSTRY

LDA International

  • Overall project management

  • Collect industry data on occupational exposure / environmental emissions


Reviewing country

REVIEWING COUNTRY

  • The Netherlands

    • Monitors entire process on behalf of all EU Member States

    • Review methods & draft RARs

    • Keep other Member States informed


Independent scientific review panels

INDEPENDENT SCIENTIFIC REVIEW PANELS

Environment

  • Prof Colin Janssen (University of Ghent)

  • Prof Steve McGrath (Rothampstead Institute)

  • Prof Dominic Di Toro (Manhattan College)

  • Dr Rene Korenromp (TNO)


Independent scientific review panels1

INDEPENDENT SCIENTIFIC REVIEW PANELS

Health

  • Prof. Bob Goyer (ex-University of Western Ontario)

  • Dr Marjorie Smith (University of London)

  • Dr Lars Gerhardsson (University Hospital, Lund)

  • Dr. Gerhard Winneke (Heinrich-Heine University)

  • Dr. Harry Roels (University of Louvain)


Independent consultants

INDEPENDENT CONSULTANTS

Environment

  • Dr Patrick Van Sprang (EURAS, Belgium)

  • Prof Erik Smolders (University of Leuven, Belgium)

    Health

  • Dr Craig Boreiko (ILZRO, USA)

  • Dr Rodger Battersby (EBRC, Germany)


Voluntary eu risk assessment for lead

SCOPE

Other compounds

PbO, Pb3O4

Pb (metal)

Pb stabilisers

Batteries - vehicles - industrial - motive

CablesSheet- roofing - shieldingSolders - electronicsAlloys - vehiclesShot- shooting

Glass - crystal - TVs, monitorsCeramics - tableware

Plastics - windows - pipes - cables

ElectronicsGasolinePaints


Overall timetable

OVERALL TIMETABLE


Primary health issues of concern

PRIMARY HEALTH ISSUES OF CONCERN

  • Lead Specific Endpoints

    • Neurobehavioral (pediatric)

    • Male and Female Reproduction (occupational)

    • Neuropsychological (occupational)

    • Blood pressure (general population)


Primary at risk groups

PRIMARY AT-RISK GROUPS

  • Children to age 6

  • Workers (male and female)

  • Women of child bearing age in general population?


Occupational exposure assessment

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT

  • Data collection:

    • questionnaires tailored to each industry

      (site inspections, workplace descriptions)

    • medical surveillance and exposure values

    • published reviews/assessments


Consumer exposure assessment

CONSUMER EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT

  • Screening of published data

  • Collection of industry data

  • Determination of relevant exposure

    pathways/consumer products

  • Historical vs. current situation


Indirect exposure via environment

INDIRECT EXPOSURE VIA ENVIRONMENT

Interaction with ENV RA:

  • Regional and local concentrations for soil, water air provided from single source

  • Dietary intake (predominate for adults)

  • Soil/dust exposure (predominate for children)

  • Long-term environmental loading


Crystal industry input

CRYSTAL INDUSTRY INPUT

  • Assist in questionnaire development

  • Contribute occupational exposure data

  • Contribute environmental emissions data

  • Provide material flow information

  • Help address “end of life” and recycling issue


Consumer exposure

CONSUMER EXPOSURE

  • Key issue for the crystal industry

  • Provide data on consumer use patterns

  • Define performance of modern product

  • Help establish consumer exposure profile


Benefits to the crystal industry

BENEFITS TO THE CRYSTAL INDUSTRY

  • Validation of consumer safety

  • Avoid arbitrary product restrictions

  • Establish occupational health performance

  • Establish environmental emissions

  • Achieve cooperative compliance with new EU Chemicals Policy


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