Furniture construction and selection
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Furniture Construction and Selection. Qualities of Hardwoods. Greater dimensional stability Less pitch More durability Harder Holds nails and screws better Less likely to dent. Hardwoods commonly used. Maple Cherry Pecan Oak Walnut. Qualities of Softwoods. Develops checks and cracks

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Qualities of hardwoods
Qualities of Hardwoods

  • Greater dimensional stability

  • Less pitch

  • More durability

  • Harder

  • Holds nails and screws better

  • Less likely to dent


Hardwoods commonly used
Hardwoods commonly used

  • Maple

  • Cherry

  • Pecan

  • Oak

  • Walnut


Qualities of softwoods
Qualities of Softwoods

  • Develops checks and cracks

  • Not as strong as hardwood

  • Less expensive than hardwood


Softwoods commonly used
Softwoods commonly used

  • Cedar

  • Pine

  • Redwood

  • Cypress


Veneers
Veneers

  • Definition

    • Thin slices of wood

  • Advantages of using veneers

    • Solid wood is too expensive

    • Solid wood is too heavy

    • Greater strength

    • Less cost


Furniture joints
Furniture Joints

  • Important because they affect the life of the furniture, it’s durability, and it’s strength.


Types of joints
Types of Joints

Biscuit Mortise and tenon Rabbet Butt

Mitered Dado Lap Dovetail


Parts of upholstered furniture
Parts of Upholstered Furniture

  • Frame

    • Should be kiln dried hardwood

    • Joints should be strengthened

  • Cushioning materials

    • Springs in seat bases

    • Thick cushioning applied over springs and frame.

    • Foam, fiberfill, and down are used.


Support springs in mattresses
Support Springs in Mattresses

  • Box springs

    • Coils attached to a base covered with padding

  • Coil springs:

    • Same as box, but not covered or padded

  • Flat springs:

    • Frame with flat springs

  • Number of coils?

    • Good quality has 300 or more


Metals in furniture construction
Metals in Furniture Construction

  • Aluminum

  • Iron

  • Steel

  • Used for:

    • Lawn chairs

    • Outdoor furniture

    • Modern furniture


Advantages and disadvantages of using metal furnishings
Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Metal Furnishings

  • Advantages:

    • Light or heavy

    • Inexpensive

    • Strong

  • Disadvantages:

    • Bends

    • Dents

    • Brittle

    • Rusts and tarnishes


Plastic furniture
Plastic furniture

  • Advantages:

    • Imitates other materials

    • Light weight

    • Durable

    • Inexpensive

    • Easy to clean


Buying case furniture
Buying Case Furniture

  • Check for:

    • Surface finish, back and inside finish

    • Solid construction

    • Sturdy base

    • Working parts

    • Drawers open smoothly


Buying upholstered furniture
Buying Upholstered Furniture

  • Check for:

    • Zippers

    • Underlining

    • Spring quality

    • Comfort


Shopping for furniture
Shopping for Furniture

  • Information and materials you should take with you when you shop for furniture:

    • Measurements: what size are door openings

    • Colors: Carpet, wallpaper, paint, fabric to match


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