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Physical Activity for Life . Chapter 4. Objectives. Understand the importance of regular physical activity for enhancing and maintaining personal health throughout the life span. Examine the effects of regular physical activity on body systems.

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Physical Activity for Life

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Physical activity for life

Physical Activity for Life

Chapter 4


Objectives

Objectives

  • Understand the importance of regular physical activity for enhancing and maintaining personal health throughout the life span.

  • Examine the effects of regular physical activity on body systems.

  • Analyze the relationship between regular physical activity and disease prevention

  • Discover ways to incorporate physical activity into daily life


Chapter 4 lesson 1 physical activity and your health

Chapter 4 Lesson 1Physical Activity and Your Health


Physical activity and your health

Physical Activity and Your Health

  • Whatever you preference, regular physical activity enhances your health.

  • Physical Activity – any form of movement that cause the body to use energy.

  • Physical Fitness – the ability to carry out daily tasks easily and have enough reserve energy to respond to unexpected demands.


Benefits to physical health

Benefits to Physical Health

  • Physical activity makes your body stronger, increases your energy, and improves posture.

  • Cardiovascular system – physical activity strengthens the heart muscle, allowing it to pump blood more efficiently.

  • Respiratory System – Physical activity makes the respiratory system work more efficiently by breathing in larger amounts of air.

  • Nervous System – Physical activity helps you to respond more quickly to stimuli, improving reaction time.


Benefits to mental emotional health

Benefits to Mental/Emotional Health

  • It can help to reduce stress.

  • Allow you to manage anger in a healthy way.

  • Help you look and feel better to increase self-confidence.

  • Give you a sense of pride and accomplishment in taking care of yourself.

  • Reduce mental fatigue by bring more oxygen to the brain.


Benefits of social health

Benefits of Social Health

  • Building self-confidence which helps you cope better in social situations, such as meeting new people.

  • Giving you the opportunity to interact and cooperate with others.

  • Helping you manage stress which can enhance relationships with others.


Risks of physical inactivity

Risks of Physical Inactivity

  • More that 1 in 3 teens do NOT participate regularly in vigorous physical activity.

  • Vigorous physical activity declines significantly during the teen years, from 73% of 9th grades to 61% of 12th graders.

  • Only 29% of teens attend a daily physical education class.


Risks of physical inactivity1

Risks of Physical Inactivity

  • Sedentary lifestyle – a way of life that involves little physical activity.

  • May spend time watching TV, playing video games, or working on the computer rather then being physically active.

  • This will lead to negative affects on your health.


Risks of physical inactivity2

Risks of Physical Inactivity

  • Diabetes – a disorder that prevents the body from converting food into energy.

  • Unhealthful weight gain, which is linked to cardiovascular disease.

  • Osteoporosis – condition characterized by a decrease in bone density , producing porous and fragile bones.


Approaches to everyday activities

Approaches to Everyday Activities

  • Instead of….

  • Playing video or computer games.

  • Getting a ride to a friends house.

  • Using a shopping cart.

  • Watching TV or taking a nap.

  • Taking the car to the car wash.

  • Try…

  • Playing soccer, basketball, tennis.

  • Walking, skating, or ride a bike.

  • Carry groceries to car.

  • Gardening or mowing the lawn.

  • Wash the car yourself or for your parents.


How ironic

How Ironic?!

  • Instead of taking the escalator or elevator

  • Try…walking the steps!


Physical activity and weight control

Physical Activity and Weight Control

  • Metabolism – the process by which your body gets energy from food.

  • Food’s energy is measured in heat units called calories.

  • When you are physically active your metabolism rises and your body will burn more calories.


Fitting physical activity into your life

Fitting Physical Activity into Your Life

  • Health professionals recommend 60 minutes of physical activity each day.

  • Examples: walking, biking, pick-up games with friends, hiking, swimming, bowling, golfing, and tennis are just a few examples of activities.


Small group activity promote the benefits of physical activity p 76

Small Group Activity: Promote the Benefits of Physical Activity p.76

  • In this activity you will think of ways that different activities benefit all three parts of the health triangle. Then you’ll choose an activity and create a plan to try it out.


Lesson 1 review questions

Lesson 1 Review Questions

  • What is the difference between physical activity and physical fitness?

  • Examine and briefly describe the effects of regular physical activity on 3 body systems.

  • Analyze the relationship between regular physical activity and disease prevention.


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