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Participation and Attitudes About Hunting Public Opinion Surveys (Duda, 2001). Sally Williams Consumer Research Planner Marketing Services Branch December 2002. Research Sources General Population Survey Telephone survey of Texas residents age 18 and above: 2,002 respondents

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participation and attitudes about hunting public opinion surveys duda 2001

Participation and Attitudes About HuntingPublic Opinion Surveys (Duda, 2001)

Sally Williams

Consumer Research Planner

Marketing Services Branch

December 2002

slide2

Research Sources

  • General Population Survey
  • Telephone survey of Texas residents age 18 and above:
    • 2,002 respondents
  • Data were weighted by the seven travel and tourism regions to represent the relative populations of these regions.
  • Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey
  • Telephone survey of Texas residents age 18 and above:
    • 801 respondents
      • 113 outdoor recreationists who hunt
  • Survey targeted general population of those who participated in outdoor recreation as well as those who did not participate, but expressed an interest in participating in outdoor recreation activities.
slide3

Research Sources

  • Hunter Survey
  • Telephone survey of licensed resident hunters who had purchased a hunting license for the 1999/2000 hunting season:
    • 809 respondents
  • Super Combo, Combo, Resident Hunting, and Special Resident Hunting license holders were interviewed.
  • Data were weighted by type of hunting license to represent the relative populations of these license types.
slide4

Research Sources

  • Landowner Survey
  • Telephone survey of Texas landowners who owned 640 or more acres:
    • 563 respondents
  • Landowners were identified using county property tax records.
  • Surveys were conducted in all seven travel regions in the counties that agreed to participate in supplying sample.
slide5

Overview

  • Demographics of Hunters
  • Participation in Hunting
  • Satisfaction with Hunting
  • Knowledge and Satisfaction with TPWD
  • TPWD Regulations
  • TPWD Game Wardens
  • Interest in Information
  • TPWD Funding
  • Landowners and Hunting
  • Attitudes and Interest in Hunting Among Non-Hunters
  • General Population’s Attitudes Toward Hunting
  • Conclusions and Implications
slide7

Hunters have lived in Texas for many years.

  • One-half of hunters have lived for at least 40 years in Texas.

Median Number of Years *

* The median is the midpoint of the distribution. Half the number are below the median; half are above it.

Source: Duda, 2001

slide8

About a third of hunters live in large city or suburban areas.

  • One third of hunters live in small cities and one third in rural or farm areas.

Location of residence

Comparable US Census data not available for Texas for this question.

Source: Duda, 2001

slide9

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

% of Hunters

% of Texas population

Houston

16%

20%

Dallas

12%

17%

Fort Worth-Arlington

6%

8%

San Antonio

7%

8%

Austin-San Marcos

6%

6%

Other MSA’s

23%

26%

Urban areas within MSA’s

70%

85%

Rural areas outside MSA’s

30%

15%

  • Location of Residence of 2001 Hunting License Holders
  • About 70% of hunters live in Metropolitan Statistical Areas, whereas 85% of the general population of Texas lives in these urban areas.

Sources: TPWD License Point of Sale data, 2001 License Year for license types: Super Combo, Combination Hunting/Fishing, and Resident Hunting licenses; 2000 US Census Count, TAMU, State Data Center.

slide10

Hunters’ level of education is slightly higher than that of the general population.

  • Hunters are more likely than the general population of Texas to have a college degree.
  • Boaters and anglers are the most likely of all groups to have undergraduate or graduate degrees.

Source: Duda, 2001, and US Census, 2000.

slide11

Hunters have substantially higher incomes than the general population.

  • 11% of the general population of Texas have incomes of $100,000 or more whereas 18% of hunters report that level of income.

Source: Duda, 2001, and US Census, 2000.

slide12

License Type

Median age *

Combo

42

Super Combo

41

Resident Hunting

37

Total Adult Resident Hunting Licenses (age 17 and above) **

41

Texas Population, US Census (adults)

40

Resident Hunting License holders are younger than Combo and Super Combo holders.

* The median is the midpoint of the distribution. Half the ages are below the median; half are above it.

** Includes adult-only hunting license types: Combo, Super Combo, Resident Hunting, Senior Combo, and Senior Super Combo.

Source: TPWD License Point of Sale data, 2001, and US Census, 2000.

slide13

Hunters

Texas Population, US Census

White/Non-Hispanic

85%

53%

Hispanic

7%

32%

African-American

1%

11%

Other

7%

3%

The majority of hunters are non-Hispanic and white.

Source: Duda, Hunter Survey, 2001, and US Census, 2000.

slide14

Hunters

Texas Population, US Census

Male

93%

49%

Female

7%

51%

Hunters are overwhelmingly male.

Source: Duda, Hunter Survey, 2001, and US Census, 2000.

slide16

Hunting is one of the least participated in outdoor recreation activities among the general population of Texas.

Participated at least once in the last 12 months

Sources: Duda, Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey, 2001

slide17

The number of Texas hunters has increased over the past 10 years, but not enough to keep pace with the population growth.

Participated at least once during the year

Sources: USFWS, National Survey on Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation, 1991, 1996, 2001 (hunters age 16 and above) and US Census, 1990 and 2000.

slide18

The majority of outdoor recreationists who hunt view it as a primary outdoor recreation activity.

  • The survey asked outdoor recreation participantsfor the top two activities they participate in.

Source: Duda, Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey, 2001

slide19

White-tailed deer and dove are the most popular species with Texas hunters.

Top 2 species hunted in the last 2 years

Source: Duda, Hunter Survey, 2001

slide20

Hunters are some of the most avidparticipants.

  • Hunters participate with similar frequency to anglers, less often than boaters, and more often than state park visitors.

Median Number of Days Participated in Last 12 Months

Details in Appendix.

Source: Duda, 2001

slide21

Rio Grande turkey and squirrel hunters participated the most frequently.

Median Number of Days Participated in Last 12 Months

Species in the top two species hunted in the last 2 years.

Note: Some species not reported due to small sample sizes.

Source: Duda, 2001

slide22

Over three-quarters of hunters participate in hunting every year.

  • Anglers and boaters are the most consistent participants

Participated every year in last five years

Details in Appendix.

Source: Duda, 2001

slide23

Mule deer and Rio Grande turkey hunters are the most consistent hunters.

Participated every year in last five years

Species in the top two species hunted in the last 2 years.

Note: Some species not reported due to small sample sizes.

Source: Duda, 2001

slide25

Overnight Trips:

  • Hunters travel farther for overnight trips.
  • Over 60% of hunters traveled more than 2 hours one-way for their overnight trips.
  • Freshwater anglers were more likely to stay close to home, with almost half traveling less than two hours.

Distance traveled one-way for overnight trips

Details in Appendix.

Source: Duda, 2001

slide26

Mule deer and quail hunters travel the farthest distance for their overnight hunting trips.

Distance traveled one-way for overnight trips

Species in the top two species hunted in the last 2 years.

Note: Some species not reported due to small sample sizes.

Source: Duda, 2001

slide27

Day trips:

  • Over three-quarters of hunters travel less than 2 hours one-way for day trips.
  • This is similar to saltwater and freshwater anglers.

Distance traveled one-way for day trips

Details in Appendix.

Source: Duda, 2001

slide28

Mule deer hunters travel the farthest for their day trips.

Distance traveled one-way for day trips

Species in the top two species hunted in the last 2 years.

Note: Some species not reported due to small sample sizes.

Source: Duda, 2001

slide29

“For the sport of it” and “to be with friends and family” are the primary reasons for hunting.

Primary Reasons For Hunting

Source: Duda, Hunter Survey, 2001

slide30

Most Texas hunters do not hunt outside of the state of Texas.

  • Onlyone-quarter had hunted in another state.
  • Few had hunted on WMAs or TPWD dove leases.

Participated in activity in the past 2 years

Source: Duda, Hunter Survey, 2001

slide31

Hunting primarily takes place on private land.

Question text: When hunting in Texas during the past 2 years, would you say you mostly hunted on public land, private land, or both about the same?

Location of hunting in last 2 years

Source: Duda, Hunter Survey, 2001

slide32

Regardless of the type of species hunted, most hunters hunted primarily on private land.

  • Duck hunters were the most likely to hunt on public land.

Location of hunting in last 2 years

Species in the top two species hunted in the last 2 years.

Note: Some species not reported due to small sample sizes.

Source: Duda, Hunter Survey, 2001

slide33

Modern weapons are most popular among hunters.

  • A third of hunters hunted with dogs during the last 2 years.
  • Bow and arrow, muzzleloader, and black powder firearm were used by a minority of hunters.

Participated in activity in the past 2 years

Source: Duda, Hunter Survey, 2001

slide35

Hunters are satisfied with their hunting experiences.

  • 60% of hunters are very satisfied, but significantly less than park visitors .

Satisfaction with outdoor recreation experiences

Source: Duda, 2001

slide36

Duck and quail hunters are less satisfied with their hunting than other hunters.

Very satisfied with hunting for the species

Note: Some species not reported due to small sample sizes.

Source: Duda, Hunter Survey, 2001

slide37

Half of hunters reported improvement in the quality of hunting in the last 5 years.

  • Less than 20% of hunters have experienced a decline in quality.
  • More hunters reported improvement than did overnight park visitors, freshwater anglers, or boaters.

Quality of hunting in the last 5 years

Source: Duda, 2001

slide38

Hunters report the lowest levels of user conflicts of all groups.

  • Whereas over one-half of boaters reported interference from others that diminished their enjoyment of boating, hunters experienced little conflict while hunting.

Percent reporting user conflicts

Source: Duda, 2001

slide39

Hunters who hunt primarily on private land report less user conflict than those who hunt on public land.

Percent reporting user conflicts

Source: Duda, 2001

slide40

Hunting faces significant competition for the discretionary time of participants.

  • Of hunters who do not hunt as often as they would like, time is the most significant factor.
  • Access, costs, and weather are secondary factors for hunters.

Limits to Participation

Percentages based on hunters who experienced limitations.

* Note: percentages do not add to 100% due to multiple responses per respondent

Source: Duda, Hunter Survey, 2001

slide41

Of hunters who are limited by time, almost all cite work as the specific reason.

Time limitations

Percentages based on hunters who specified time limitations to participation.

* Note: percentages do not add to 100% due to multiple responses per respondent

Source: Duda, Hunter Survey, 2001

slide42

Of those who are limited by cost, lease cost is the most commonly cited reason.

Cost limitations

Percentages based hunters who specified cost limitations to participation.

* Note: percentages do not add to 100% due to multiple responses per respondent

Source: Duda, Hunter Survey, 2001

slide44

Two-thirds of hunters know a great deal or moderate amount about TPWD’s activities.

  • 25% know a great deal about the agency’s activities compared to only 9% of the general population.
  • All TPWD constituent groups report good levels of knowledge of TPWD.

Knowledge about TPWD’s activities

This question asked for respondents’ perception of their knowledge. It did not ask for specific information to test their knowledge.

Source: Duda, 2001

slide45

Hunters are satisfied with TPWD as a government agency.

  • Over half of hunters are very satisfied. Very few are dissatisfied.

Satisfaction with TPWD

Source: Duda, 2001

slide46

Three-quarters of hunters rate TPWD high on providing opportunities to hunt.

  • This is similar to the ratings of anglers and boaters of their recreation opportunities.

Rating of TPWD’s efforts to provide recreation opportunities

Source: Duda, 2001

slide47

Hunters give TPWD high marks for incorporating the wants and needs of hunters into outdoor activities.

  • About 80% of hunters rate TPWD’s efforts as excellent or good.

Rating of efforts to incorporate recreationists’ wants and needs into management of outdoor activities

Source: Duda, 2001

slide48

Hunters feel that educating non-hunters about hunting is the top activity TPWD should do.

  • Other important activities involve habitat, access, and information about hunting as well as education and law enforcement.

Hunting-related activities TPWD should provide much more effort to do

Source: Duda, Hunter Survey, 2001

slide49

Few hunters felt that activities focused on specific species or weapons required more effort from TPWD.

Hunting-related activities TPWD should provide much more effort to do

Source: Duda, Hunter Survey, 2001

slide50

Hunters want more TPWD effort placed on law enforcement and encouraging landowners to open access for recreation than anglers do.

  • Saltwater anglers want more effort on research than hunters or freshwater anglers.

Activities TPWD should provide much more effort to do

Source: Duda, 2001

slide52

Hunters are satisfied with current hunting regulations.

  • About half of hunters are very satisfied.
  • Saltwater anglers are the least satisfied group, with 20% being dissatisfied with regulations.

Satisfaction with hunting/fishing/boating regulations

Source: Duda, 2001

slide53

The majority of hunters agree that regulations are clear and easy to understand.

  • Only 10% of hunters disagree.

Agreement that regulations are clear and easy to understand

Source: Duda, 2001

slide55

Hunters are less likely than other groups to have personal contact with Game Wardens.

  • Due to the clandestine nature of Game Wardens’ work with hunters, many hunters may not realize that a Game Warden is present.

Contact with a Game Warden in last 5 years

Source: Duda, 2001

slide56

Over a third of hunters have not seen a Game Warden patrolling and providing services.

  • Boaters saw the most Game Wardens during the last 12 months.

Source: Duda, 2001

slide57

Most hunters believe that Game Wardens are effective at controlling illegal activity.

  • Landowners show the strongest agreement with this statement.
  • Hunters and anglers are more likely to somewhat agree with Game Wardens’ effectiveness than land owners were.

Rating of Game Warden effectiveness at controlling illegal activity

Source: Duda, 2001

slide58

Hunters agree that Game Wardens are professional and courteous.

  • This agreement is shared by all TPWD constituent groups surveyed.

Rating of Game Wardens as being professional and courteous

Source: Duda, 2001

slide60

Hunters are the most interested in receiving information about outdoor recreation.

  • 70% of hunters express interest, compared to 56% of freshwater anglers.

Interest in receiving information about outdoor recreation

Source: Duda, 2001

slide61

Hunters suggest mail as the most popular method of receiving information.

  • The Internet and magazines are also suggested by some hunters.

* Note: Percentages do not add to 100% due to multiple responses per respondent.

Question was open-ended.

Source: Duda, 2001

slide62

Information about where to hunt and hunting access are of most interest to hunters.

Types of information desired by hunters

Note: Respondents supplied their own answers

Source: Duda, Hunter Survey, 2001

slide63

The majority of hunters have seen hunting-related magazines and TV shows in the last 2 years.

  • Fewer have taken hunter ed or gone to a hunting club meeting, however.

Performed activity in the last 2 years

Source: Duda, Hunter Survey, 2001

slide65

Hunters are divided in their support for an increase in license fees to increase funding for TPWD.

  • Almost one-third of all anglers and hunters strongly oppose an increase in activity fees.

Support for increasing license fees

Source: Duda, 2001

slide66

Combo license holders are more likely to strongly oppose license fee increases.

Percentage strongly opposing fee increases

Source: Duda, 2001

slide67

Hunters living in rural areas and large cities are more likely to strongly oppose license fee increases.

Percentage strongly opposing fee increases

Source: Duda, 2001

slide68

Hunters with incomes under $100,000 are more likely to strongly oppose license fee increases.

Percentage strongly opposing fee increases

Source: Duda, 2001

slide69

Hunters age 55 and above are more likely to strongly oppose license fee increases.

  • For the 65 and older group, this seems to be driven by their lower income compared to other hunters. Over half make less than $40,000 per year. Only 8% make $100,000 or more per year.
  • For the 55-64 year group, some of their opposition is driven by the relatively high percentage (40%) who are Combo license holders.

Percentage strongly opposing fee increases

Source: Duda, 2001

slide70

Hunters who did not attend college are more likely to strongly oppose license fee increases.

  • This finding is driven by the relatively low income of those who did not attend college. Only 7% of them have incomes of $100,000 or more compared to 24% of those who attended college.

Percentage strongly opposing fee increases

Source: Duda, 2001

slide71

Hunters who live in the Piney Woods are more likely to strongly oppose license fee increases.

  • This is driven in part by the lower income of the Piney Woods hunters compared to hunters in other parts of Texas. Piney Woods hunters are also more likely to be Combo license holders.

Percentage strongly opposing fee increases

Source: Duda, 2001

slide73

Many Texas landowners are interested in hunting as a revenue source.

  • 53% of landowners are interested in generating revenue on their land from hunting.
  • 46% of landowners say they would be likely to open land for hunting if given significant cash benefits such as tax breaks or cash payments.

Source: Duda, Landowner Survey, 2001

slide74

78% of large landowners currently allow hunting on their lands by lease or family and friends.

Landowners allowing hunting on their land

Source: Duda, Landowner Survey, 2001

slide75

Landowners in the Hill Country are the most likely to allow hunting on their property by permission or lease.

Source: Duda, 2001

slide76

Poor behavior of hunters and concern for wildlife and livestock are top reasons landowners ceased allowing hunting on their lands.

Question was open-ended.

Source: Duda, Landowner Survey, 2001

slide77

The majority of landowners expressed major concern about allowing hunting on their land due to legal concerns.

Expressed legal concerns about hunting on their land

Source: Duda, Landowner Survey, 2001

slide78

Over three-quarters of landowners are not aware that Texas provides liability protection to landowners for allowing outdoor recreation use on their property.

Aware or unaware of liability protection

Source: Duda, Landowner Survey, 2001

slide80

“Non-hunters” are respondents to the Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey who did not hunt during the last 12 months.

The Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey allows for an analysis of non-hunters’ interest in hunting and reasons for not participating.

Source: Duda, Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey, 2001

slide81

Interest in participating in hunting is low among non-hunters.

  • 80% of non-hunters were not at all interested in hunting.

Interest in hunting among non-hunters

Source: Duda, Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey, 2001

slide82

Over 1 million adult Texans who do not hunt are very interested in participating in hunting.

Source: Duda, Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey, 2001; US Census 2000

Total Texas adult population: 14,965,061

For example: 9% of those who do not hunt are very interesting in doing so. Since 84% of Texans do not hunt, this constitutes a substantial number of interested non-hunters available to convert to hunting.

slide83

Lack of time and health/age were the main reasons interested non-hunters did not go hunting.

  • Lack of knowledge and skill were not common restraints among non-hunters.

Source: Duda, Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey, 2001

Question was open-ended.

slide84

Among non-hunters, target shooters and anglers were more likely to be very interested in hunting than those who did not shoot or fish.

  • Participants in other recreation activities were no more likely to be very interested in hunting

Percent very interested in hunting

For example, of those who participate in target shooting, 34% are very interested in hunting. By contrast, only 7% of those who do not target shoot are interested in hunting.

Bold numbers indicate a statistically significant difference.

Source: Duda, Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey, 2001

slide85

Men were more likely to be very interested non-hunters.

  • Interest among women was low at 5%.

Percent very interested in hunting

Source: Duda, Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey, 2001

slide86

Hispanics and African-Americans are more likely to be very interested non-hunters.

  • These groups are under-represented among current hunters.

Percent very interested in hunting

Source: Duda, Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey, 2001

slide87

Young people are more likely to be very interested non-hunters.

      • The greatest interest is among people 18-24 at 23%.
      • Interest decreases to 5% or less among those 45 and older.

Source: Duda, Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey, 2001; US Census 2000.

slide88

Most interested non-hunters believe the State of Texas does an excellent or good job at providing hunting opportunities.

  • These ratings are very similar to those interested non-participants give to opportunities for fishing, camping, and visiting state parks and historic sites.

Source: Duda, Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey, 2001

slide90

Hunting-related issues are not top-of-mind outdoor recreation concerns among the general Texas population.

  • Over 40% did not suggest any outdoor recreation issues as concerns.

Outdoor recreation issues of concern to Texans

Question was open-ended.

Source: Duda, General Population Survey, 2001

slide91

The opportunity to hunt was viewed by the general population as the least important of 12 outdoor recreation and natural resource values.

Rated Very Important

Source: Duda, General Population Survey, 2001

slide92

Texans in the general population view some hunting-related activities as top priorities for TPWD.

When rating the importance of 22 TPWD activities, they put two hunting-related activities in the top 3 list.

Source: Duda, General Population Survey, 2001

slide93

Texans view the enforcement of fishing, hunting, and boating laws and hunter safety education as top priorities for TPWD.

Top TPWD Activities Texans Rated as Very Important

Source: Duda, General Population Survey, 2001

slide94

Providing hunting opportunities was considered a relatively unimportant activity for TPWD.

  • This activity was rated #21 of the 22 activities listed. Only recreational shooting opportunities rated lower.

Outdoor Recreation Opportunity Activities Texans Rated as Very Important

Source: Duda, General Population Survey, 2001

slide96

Over 20% of Texans disapprove of legal hunting.

Source: Duda, Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey, 2001

slide97

Texans who oppose legal hunting differ from those who approve of it by:

  • Demographics
  • Participation in outdoor recreation activities

Source: Duda, Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey, 2001

slide98

Texans who oppose legal hunting are less likely to live in:

  • A rural area
  • A farm or ranch

Place of residence by Texans’ opposition or approval to legal hunting

For example, 13% of those who approve of legal hunting life in a rural area. However, only 7% of those who oppose legal hunting do.

Source: Duda, Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey, 2001

slide99

Texans who oppose legal hunting are more likely to be:

  • Female
  • Hispanic
  • African-American
  • Younger

Ethnicity, gender, and average age by Texans’ opposition or approval to legal hunting

For example, 71% of those who oppose legal hunting are female. However, only 53% of those who approve of legal hunting are.

Source: Duda, Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey, 2001

slide100

Texans who oppose legal hunting are less likely to participate in:

  • Fishing
  • Sport shooting
  • Wildlife viewing around the home

Participation in outdoor recreation by Texans’ opposition or approval to legal hunting

For example, 43% of those who approve of legal hunting fish. However, only 26% of those who oppose legal hunting fish.

Source: Duda, Outdoor Recreation Participation Survey, 2001

slide102

Generating general support for hunting among the Texas population is an important challenge.

  • Hunting is among the least common outdoor recreation activities.
  • The number of hunters in Texas is growing again but is not keeping pace with population growth.
  • 9% of non-hunters are very interested in hunting. This projects to over a million very interested potential hunters that TPWD has the opportunity to reach.
  • 22% of the general population disapproves of legal hunting.
  • Educating non-hunters about hunting is hunters’ #1 priority for TPWD with over half believing TPWD should provide much more effort toward this activity.
slide103

Message to increase Texans’ support for hunting:

  • Connect hunting to the management and conservation of natural resources – water, wildlife, and habitat
    • 93% of Texans believe it is very important that water resources are safe and well protected
    • 74% of Texans believe it is very important that fish and wildlife are properly managed and conserved.
    • 69% of Texans believe it is very important that important habitats and lands are protected and preserved.
    • Conservation of natural resources has broad support from Texans across ethnic, gender, and urban/rural lines.
    • Texans need to understand the critical role that hunting plays in conserving these animals and lands.
slide104

Conditions necessary for Texans’ acceptance of hunting:

  • TPWD should continue to diligently pursue law enforcement and hunter safety education activities to ensure responsible hunting.
    • These hunting-related activities are in the top 3 overall important activities to the general population.
    • Texans are concerned with minimizing the risks from hunting: that hunters not break laws that protect wildlife and not endanger the lives of themselves or others while hunting.
slide105

TPWD needs to reach out to recruit those who do not match the typical hunter profile.

  • Current typical hunter
    • White male, mid-40’s, higher than average income, living in a small town or large city
  • Non-hunters more likely to be very interested in hunting
    • Target shooters and anglers
    • Men
    • Hispanics and African-Americans
    • Young people, especially below the age of 34
slide106

Emphasize motivating factors for hunters:

  • The sport of hunting and being with friends and family.
  • Make hunting a family activity
    • Time constraints commonly limit hunters’ participation in their activity.
    • Time constraints, including work and family responsibilities, are also common reasons that very interested non-hunters did not go hunting.
    • Women are consistently less interested in hunting than men, but could be attracted to an outdoor family experience in which hunting plays a role.
slide107

Increasing TPWD revenue by increasing hunting license fees is likely to meet with substantial opposition.

  • Half of hunters moderately or strongly oppose license fee increases.
  • Costs, and the related issue of access, are limiting factors for many hunters. Lease costs are particularly a problem for some hunters.
  • Converting the 23% of hunters who do not hunt every year into regular license purchasers could increase TPWD revenue.
slide108

Increasing access to private lands is important to the future of hunting.

  • The vast majority of hunters hunt primarily on private lands.
  • Encouraging private landowners to open land for hunting is the #4 TPWD priority for hunters.
  • About half of landowners are interested in generating money or tax breaks by allowing hunting on their lands.
  • Landowners are very concerned about the legal consequences of allowing hunting on their land, but for the most part are unaware of the liability protection offered by the state.
  • Educating landowners about landowner liability facts is key to opening up these currently unused lands for hunting.
slide109

Hunters give TPWD and Game Wardens high ratings.

  • Most hunters are satisfied with their hunting experiences, though duck and quail hunters are less satisfied.
  • Most hunters are satisfied with TPWD as a government agency.
  • Hunters and landowners agree that Game Wardens are effective in controlling illegal activity.
slide110

Top activities hunters say TPWD should spend much more effort on:

  • Educating non-hunters about hunting
  • Improving habitats on public land
  • Acquiring more state-owned land
  • Encouraging private landowners to open land for hunting
  • Providing information on hunting opportunities
  • Promoting hunter ethics and responsibility
  • Improving and increasing access to public hunting areas
slide112

Number of Days Participating in Outdoor Recreation Activities – TPWD Customers

Source: Duda, 2001

slide113

Distance Traveled One-Way to Participate in

Outdoor Recreation – Day Trips

Source: Duda, 2001

slide114

Distance Traveled One-Way to Participate in

Outdoor Recreation – Overnight Trips

Source: Duda, 2001

slide117

Age of TPWD Customers

  • The 25-34 age group is under-represented among hunters.
  • The 45-54 and 55-64 age groups are over-represented.

Source: Duda, 2001, and US Census, 2000.

slide118

The importance of conserving fish and wildlife and preserving habitats

Source: Duda, General Population Survey, 2001.

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