The. Trinity. Learning to Serve Ministries. i n a. Cave. 1 st Kings 19:9-18. May 30, 2013. Background. Pronouncement of three-year famine for idolatry End of famine – Elijah asked for a summit on Mt. Carmel
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Learning to Serve
1st Kings 19:9-18
May 30, 2013
1st Kings 19:1-18
An angel led and directed both Moses and Elijah in the same desert (cf. Exodus 14:19 et al; 1st Kings 19:5-7)
On the mountain, Elijah, like Moses, spoke to efeiout of deep frustration and desperation for speaking on His behalf to Israel (cf. Exodus 33)
Elijah, like Moses, sought refuge inside a cave (or cleft) in the side of the mountain (cf. Exodus 33:21-23; 1st Kings 18:9)
Elijah, like Moses, was called by Yahweh to see Him pass by (cf. Exodus 33:19, 22; 1st Kings 19:11)
Elijah, like Moses, experienced a fierce wind, an earthquake and fire on the mountain, but the voice of efeiwas not in any of them (cf. Exodus 19:16-19; 1st Kings 19:11-12)
back to Elijah at the cave…
The solution lies in Exodus:
“And he hewed two tables of stone like unto the first; and Moses rose up early in the morning, and went up unto mount Sinai, as efeihad commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone. And efeidescended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of efei. And efeipassed by before him, and proclaimed, efei, efeiElohim, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth,…”
We recognize osfei as the Word of Yahweh in the flesh
The belief that “the Word of Yahweh” was a distinctly separate and simultaneous manifestation of the One True God of hosts is well attested in ancient Jewish thought
In this holy hint (remez) of a distinct, but simultaneous, revelation of Yahweh, Elijah is linked not only to Moses at Mt. Sinai, but also to the coming Messiah osfei
Elijah is told by “the Word of efei” to stand outside the cave on the mountain like Moses did in his own desperation when Yahweh passed by him (cf. Exodus 33)
The dynamic tie to Moses is reinforced
We’ve established that inside the cave Yahweh spoke to Elijah as “the Word of efei” (cf. 1st Kings 19:9, 11)
Outside the cave we learn that God spoke as efei (19:15)
These two instances are straight-forward to understand
But efeispoke to Elijah in a third way…
The voice of God is depicted as being silent, but it can penetrate the soul such that its impact is greater than if the voice of efeiwas heard audibly
Elijah heard the voice of efei so deeply without ever actually hearing a word, and he obeyed by standing up, moving to the mouth of the cave to see efei Himself pass by
What about you and me?
How should we understand this voice today?
“a still, small voice” (KJV, RSV)
“a light murmuring sound” (New Jerusalem Bible)
“a soft murmuring sound” (JPS Tanakh)
“a sound of a gentle blowing” (NASB)
“a soft whisper” (NET)
“a sound of a gentle whisper” (NIV)
“a quiet, subdued voice” (CJB)
“a sound of sheer silence” (NRSV)
Perhaps the best way to put it, or to literally translate it, is as a shrunken silence or a voice of sheer thought
Elijah was hearing a sound of silence in which all silence is vacuumed out of it to an infinite and perfect degree
The silent voice of efeitaken to exponential and perfect silence, then, is God’s pure and holy thought
It is the thought of His Spirit
Elijah heard God’s thoughts!
Can we hear God’s thoughts?
“But we speak the wisdom of Elohim in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, which Elohim ordained before the world unto our glory: Which none of the princes of this world knew: for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory. But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which Elohim hath prepared for them that love him. But Elohim hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of Elohim. For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of Elohim knowethno man, but the Spirit of Elohim.”
1st Corinthians 2:7-11
Can we hear God’s thoughts?
“Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of Elohim; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of Elohim. Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual. But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of Elohim : for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he himself is judged of no man. For who hath known the mind of efei, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Messiah.”
1st Corinthians 2:12-16
Elijah heard the Spirit of God speaking to his spirit
Out of this “muted silence”, God got Elijah’s undivided attention to speak to him in a different way from the other ways He had previously spoken to him
Spiritual was speaking to spiritual
Is that your connection with Him?
What is the voice of the Spirit of God like?
This is at the heart of the phrase qoldemamahdaqqa
The Spirit bears witness with our spirit when He testifies of the Father and the Son
“He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches”
In the Book of Revelation, we are told to listen to this same Spirit
Seven times in chapters 2 and 3 we are told by none other than osfei Himself:
Throughout history efei has pardoned sin by His grace based on Messiah’s work on the cross alone, not on man’s actions. Though we advocate obedience, obedience does not determine salvation. Our right standing before Him is established on one thing only: the finished work of Messiah. We are released from our sins by His blood. He has reconciled us in His earthly body through His death. Osfei bore our sins in His own Body on the cross so that by His wounds we are healed. We are made holy through the offering up of His body as a sacrifice. Messiah appeared once for all to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself. efei sent His Son to remove the wrath that we ourselves both created and deserve. The penalty of sin that is rightly ours is absolved by grace through faith, not by any righteous deeds of our own. Only when we are born again, given a new life through God’s Spirit, by faith in Osfei Messiah can we be forgiven.Will you accept Him?