California Gold Rush 1849. Alex Donatell i. Discovery of Gold. James Marshall= Discovery of Gold near Sutter’s Mill on January 24, 1848.
“ My eye caught with the glimpse of something shining in the bottom of the ditch…. I reached my hand down and picked it up; it made my heart thump, for I was certain it was gold. The piece was about half the size of and of the shape of a pea.”
- James Marshall
Marshall, after his discovery, ran and told the owner of the mill, John Sutter, about the gold. They both agreed to keep the discovery a secret.
The following day……….
Sutter and Marshall go back to the work site. They met a Spanish
speaking Indian worker holding a gold nugget and shouting,
“Oro [gold]!” Several times.
Many of Sutter’s workers began to quit to search
Many people moved west.
1. Boat down the Atlantic ocean around tip of South America
and back up through the Pacific ocean.
2. The second route would cut through Panama
or Nicaragua to the Pacific. Combined land
and sea travel.
The first route was much slower but was more safe. Usually took 6-8 months.
The second would be much shorter but more dangerous. Immigrants had a higher chance of contracting deadly diseases such as malaria or yellow fever.
Many immigrants were faced with hardships, especially the Chinese.
California placed a high-monthly tax on all immigrants to stay in California. Chinese immigrants were not allowed to become U.S. citizens.
Some immigrants, despite of harsh treatment, decided to say to find different jobs. One such immigrant was Levi Strauss.
He became successful by making a durable denim work pants to sell to miners.
2. What city due to the gold rush, grew in population and became a major economic port-city?
3. What’s another name for a gold-seeker?
4. Who was the German immigrant who made money buy selling miners a durable denim pants?