Sleep Problems. Even when we need sleep , we may have trouble getting sleep or sleeping soundly . When these troubles last for long periods of time or become serious , they are considered to be sleep problems . INSOMNIA
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Evenwhenweneedsleep, wemayhavetroublegettingsleepor sleeping soundly.
Whenthesetroubleslastforlongperiods of time orbecomeserious, they are consideredtobesleepproblems.
Insomniaistheinabilitytosleep. Theword comes fromtheLatin in-meaning “not”, and somnus, meaning “sleep”. Themostcommontype of insomniaisdifficultyfallingasleep.
Formanypeople, insomnia comes and goes, increasingduringperiods of anxietyortension and decreasingordisappearingduringlessstressingperiods.
Somepeople use sleeping pillsto cope withinsomnia, butmanypsychologistsbelievethatthesafest, simplest, mosteffectivewaystoovercomeinsomnia do notinvolvemedication.
Youhaveprobablyexperiencedoneor more nightmares in yourlifetime. Commonnightmaresinvolvesnakesormurderers. Nightmares, likemostotherdreams , are generallyproducts of REM sleep
They are alsocalledslepterrors, they are similar but more severethannightmares. Dreamerswithnightterrorsfeeltheirheartsracing and theygaspfor air.
Theymaysuddenlysit up, talkincoherently, they do notfullywake up, in themorningtheymightrecall a feelingoranimagefromthenight terror.
Nightterrorsdifferfromnightmaresbecausetheytendtooccurduringsleepstages (3 and 4) and nightmaresoccurrduring REM sleep.
Manychildrenwalk in theirsleep.
Sleepwalkersmayroamaboutalmostnightlyduringstages of deepsleep, theymayrespondtoquestionswhilethey are up, buttheydon´trememberwhattheysaidordid.
Contrarytothemyth, thereis no evidencethatsleepwalkersbecomeviolentorupsetifthey are awakened.
Weallhaveoccasional apneas, orinterruptions in breathing. Sleep apnea occursduringsleep. Peoplewithsleep apnea do notautomaticallystartbreathingagainuntiltheysit up and gaspfor air, once theybeginbreathingagain, theyfall back asleep.
Sleep apneas occurwhen a person´s air passages are blocked, thusthey are sometimesaccompaniedbysnoring. About 10 millionAmericanshave apnea and itisassociatedwithobesity and snoring.
Narcolepsyis a raresleepproblem in whichpeoplesuddenlyfallasleep no matterwhat time itisorwherethey are. One minute they are awake, thenexttheirmuscles are completlyrelaxed and they are in REM sleep.
Drugtherapy and frequentnapshavebeenusedtotreatnarcolepsy.
Althoughpeopleusuallyawakenfromanepisode of narcolepsyfeelingrefreshed, suchepisodesmaybedangerous, forexampletheymayoccurwhen a personisdrivingoroperating heavy machinery, no oneknowswhat causes narcolepsy, itisbelievedtobe a geneticdisorder.