Globalisation and gender
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Globalisation and Gender. Structures and Objectives of the Lecture. Understand how processes of social and economic change are impacting on how we define Masculinity and Femininity To analyse the changing political economy of reproduction of reproduction and production (to link these processes).

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Structures and Objectives of the Lecture

  • Understand how processes of social and economic change are impacting on how we define Masculinity and Femininity

  • To analyse the changing political economy of reproduction of reproduction and production (to link these processes)


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Section One: Construction of Gender

Section Two: Reconstruction of Reproductive Economy

Section Three: ‘Productive Economy’


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Construction of Gender

  • One is not born a woman, one becomes one.

    The Second Sex Simone de Beauvoir

    Beauviour argues that throughout history women constructed as deviant other


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  • Adults: Friends, Sex in the City, Shoes etc but effect perceptions of gender

  • Cars, Gadgets etc

  • Through these acts of consumption we affirm our gender. These acts simultaneously tell us how to be a ‘good’ man/ women.

  • Through these acts of consumption we affirm our gender. These acts simultaneously tell us how to be a ‘good’ man/ women.


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  • My example of what processes of definition in certain key sites of production.

    it means to be male

    when I was Frank

    White (who also made

    a big impression on

    Biggie)


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The Reproductive Economy of revival of the politics of being

  • 1995: Non-market work value was $15 trillion ($11 trillion women’s labour)

  • Peterson argues that global capitalism can only function because of subventions from non-capitalist sector (allegory with world systems theory)

  • Constant struggle to define to privatise and socialise costs and sexual division of labour within the reproductive economy (university fees represent a privatisation of costs)


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  • Love is a destructive concept no longer exist (Fordism)

    (1) Always been gendered (dark side)

    (2) More problematic now because it retains value as a regulatory ideal but it is a ideal without material supports


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  • Difficult to generalise regarding the impact of changes in reproductive economy on gender division of labour (although rise in one parent family suggest exploitation of women getting more intense)

  • It seems likely functions of reproduction increasing be put in state/ market sectors (see next section).



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Productive Economy area!

  • Many key ‘globalising industries’ are highly feminised.

  • Tourism!

  • Female dominated employment. Also selling country through images of national Femininity.

  • Source of National Competitiveness!

  • Tourism and also sex industry


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  • Gender played a key role in global restructuring area!

  • Third World “Factory Girl”

  • Construction of Norms of Productive Female (Combine specific ideas of race, Femininity, Global capital, Class): Docile, Capable of Competitive Work, Nimble.

  • Norms limit progress for key females


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  • Elite women may enjoy similar experience to men because capacity to transfer reproduction costs in poor (often foreign employees). Transfer of activities from household to the market

  • Although professional women tend to be disproportional affected by state restructuring (as concentrated in the state sector. USSR women doctors)


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Conclusion Bottom of the Post-Fordist pile.

  • Globalisation is effecting how we define ourselves as Men and Women

  • It is also reshaping gender division of labour (although in this it builds upon existing social understandings)


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