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A Process to D Y E for. Lab 6: Molecular Biology Part A. In these two labs (Part A and B) we will be using a separation technology called Gel electrophoresis . Gel - we use a gelatin Agarose Electro - using electricity Phoresis - means ‘to carry across’.

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A process to d y e for

A Process to DYE for

Lab 6: Molecular Biology

Part A


A process to d y e for

In these two labs (Part A and B) we will be using a separation technology called Gel electrophoresis.

Gel- we use a gelatin Agarose

Electro- using electricity

Phoresis- means ‘to carry across’


A process to d y e for

You are a lab technician mixing up a batch of stain (mixture of various dyes) for one of the researchers in your lab.

You had started making a large batch when you were interrupted during the procedure.

When you returned to the stain, you could not remember if you had added all of the components (geez- pay attention to your job, loser)…..

Rather than waste the whole batch of stain and start over, you will employ gel electrophoresis to determine if all of the dyes are present in the mixture.


A process to d y e for

You will load your gel into the electrophoresis container.

Next, you will cover your gel with an electrolyte buffer…this is a liquid that will conduct electricity.


A process to d y e for

Using a micro-pipette, you will load 10 micro-liters (µL) of each dye into a different well in the gel.


A process to d y e for

Lane #2

Orange G

Lane #4

Crystal Violet

-

Lane #1

Malachite Green

Lane #3

Bromophenol Blue

Lane #5

Xylene Cyanol

Questionable Mixture goes in the last lane

Also, each dye’s molecules have a molecular weight….the heavier the molecules, the slower they will move across the gel and vise versa

Once you have loaded all the wells with the correct dyes, it will look like this…

You will have a positive electrode at one end and a negative at the other…

When you turn the electricity on, the molecules in the dye will begin to move across the gel….if the molecules have a negative charge, they will move toward the positive and vise versa.

+


A process to d y e for

  • What about the well with the questionable mixture?

  • Since it’s mixed with dyes of different weights, some will move faster than others….

  • Also some of the dyes in the mixture might be negative, others positive…

  • So they will separate from each other and you’ll be able to see which dyes were put into the mixture…..


A process to d y e for

So first, let’s hypothesize over what you think will happen with each dye when the electricity is turned on

First make a Table of Contents entry and write the title of this lab on the page you are using for Part A.

Next, write the purpose for this lab…..

Lab 6, Gel Electrophoresis Part A

Purpose: to understand the principles and practice of gel electrophoresis. Also, to demonstrate separation of molecules based on charge and size.


A process to d y e for

Underneath Purpose, write Dye Hypothesis: and create the following table:

Using the pictures of the dye’s molecules, hypothesize if you think the charge of the molecule is neg. or pos. AND determine in order which dyes you think will travel farthest to shortest distance.

THEN after your filled in table….write Pre Lab Question: and write answers with complete sentences to the pre lab question.

AND- Create your Data Collection table to fill in tomorrow…..


A process to d y e for

Orange G

Malachite Green

-

Bromophenol Blue

Xylene Cyanol

Crystal Violet


A process to d y e for

Pre Lab Question:

  • Write a brief function for each of the parts used in gel electrophoresis:

  • a. Agarose gel

  • b. Electrophoresis buffer

  • c. Wells in the gel

  • d. Electric current

Data:


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