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The Metaphysical Period. 17 th century. Metaphysical concerns are the common subject of their poetry, which investigates the world by rational discussion of its phenomena rather than by intuition or mysticism. . http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/metaintro.htm.

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slide2
Metaphysical concerns are the common subject of their poetry, which investigates the world by rational discussion of its phenomena rather than by intuition or mysticism.

http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/metaintro.htm

slide3
Reacting against the deliberately smooth and sweet tones of much 16th-century verse, the metaphysical poets adopted a style that is energetic, uneven, and rigorous. (Johnson decried its roughness and violation of decorum, the deliberate mixture of different styles.) It has also been labelled the \'poetry of strong lines\'.

http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/metaintro.htm

ap terms define and categorize word style form or technique
AP termsDefine and categorizeWord, Style, Form, or Technique

Irony

Pun

Couplet

Novel

Epigram

Feminist

Metaphor

Dialect

Alliteration

Repetition

Epic poem

Lyric poem

Conceit

Denotation

Diction

Proverb

Sonnet

Mood

Paradox

Simile

Personification

Tone

Flashback

Satire

Rhyme

Antithesis

Colloquial

Controlling image

Anecdote

Rhyme scheme

john milton
John Milton

John Milton was born in London. His mother Sarah Jeffrey, a very religious person, was the daughter of a merchant sailor. His father, also named John, had risen to prosperity as a scrivener or law writer - he also composed music.

http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/jmilton.htm

slide6
At the age of twelve Milton was admitted to St Paul\'s School near his home and five years later he entered Christ\'s College, Cambridge. During this period, while considering himself destined for the ministry, he began to write poetry in Latin, Italian, and English.
slide7
In 1651 Milton became blind, but like Jorge Luis Borges centuries later, blindness helped him to stimulate his verbal richness. "He sacrificed his sight, and then he remembered his first desire, that of being a poet," Borges wrote in one of his lectures. One of his assistants was the poet and satirist Andrew Marvell (1621-78), who spoke for him in Parliament, when his political opinions arouse much controversy.
slide8
After the Restoration of Charles II in 1660, Milton was arrested as a noted defender of the Commonwealth, but was soon released. Milton paid a massive fine for his opposition. Besides public burning of EIKONKLASTES (1649) and the first DEFENSIO (1651) in Paris and Toulouse, Milton escaped from more punishment after Restoration, but he became a relatively poor man. The manuscript of Paradise Lost he sold for £5 to Samuel Simmons, and was promised another £5 if the first edition of 1,300 copies sold out.
slide9
The poem tells a biblical story of Adam and Eve, with God, and Lucifer (Satan), who is thrown out of Heaven to corrupt humankind. Satan, the most beautiful of the angels, is at his most impressive: he wakes up, on a burning lake in Hell, to find himself surrounded by his stunned followers. He has been defeated in the War of Heaven.
slide10
The theme of Fall and expulsion from Eden in Paradise Lost had been in Milton\'s mind from 1640s. His ambition was to compose an epic poem to rival the works of ancient writers, such as Homer and Virgil, whose grand vision in Aeneid left traced in his poem.
paradise lost
Paradise Lost

Milton created a powerful and sympathetic portrait of Lucifer. His character bears similarities with Shakespeare\'s hero-villains Iago and Macbeth, whose intellectual nihilism is transformed into metaphysical drama.

Some critics have a problem with Lucifer being connected with heroes.

paradise lost1
Paradise Lost

Milton\'s view influenced deeply Romantic poets William Blake and Percy Bysshe Shelley, who saw Satan as the real hero of the poem and a rebel against the tyranny of Heaven.

paradise lost2
Paradise Lost

Many other works of art have been inspired by Paradise Lost, among them Joseph Haydn\'s oratorio The Creation, Alexander Pope\'s The Rape of the Lock and The Dunciad, John Keat\'s poem Endymion, Lord Byron\'s The Vision of Judgment, satanic Sauron in J.R.R. Tolkien\'s saga The Lord of the Rings.

structure
Structure

Epic

begins with an invocation

The story continues in medias res (in the middle of the story)

-just like Beowulf

high, lofty language

-just like Beowulf

purpose of pl
Purpose of PL
  • Milton wrote Paradise Lost not long after the civil war in England.
    • Could have been written to explain the suffering or to give meaning to the suffering after the war.
slide16
http://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtmlhttp://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton/reading_room/pl/book_1/index.shtml
invocation lines 1 26
Invocation (lines 1 – 26)

On whom does Milton call to help him tell

the story?

what does milton say he wants to explain first
What does Milton say he wants to explain first?

What caused Adam and Eve to fall from grace and break God’s command.

Satan

How is Satan described?

Direct or indirect characterization?

slide19
Summarize the story of Adam and Eve as

Milton tells it.

How is the fall of Adam and Eve connected

to the fall of Satan and his league of

demons?

hell lines 60 77
Hell (lines 60 – 77)

How is it described?

Who is Beelzebub?

slide21
What does Beelzebub say to Satan? (line 84 - )

What is Satan’s reaction to his fall into Hell? (lines 94-99)

What do they plan to do?

slide22
Evil

Stubborn

Vengeful

Spiteful

How is this portrayed in lines 125 – 155?

symbolism of chains
Symbolism of chains

God’s hold on Satan?

Hatred?

Lack of ambition?

word style form and technique
Word, style, form, and technique

Word

syntax – “..but rather darkness visible”

diction – descriptions of Hell, Satan, etc.

Style

sentence structure

long supporting clauses

shorter main clauses

slide27
Form

epic

high language

invocation

in medias res

Technique

indirect characterization

allusion

comparing Satan to creatures from other literary works

sonnets of milton
Sonnets of Milton

Analyze using list of AP terms

satire so far
Satire so far…

Gulliver’s Travels

Political satire

Tories and Whigs

Protestants and Catholics

Warfare Science and Technology

Societal satire

Human nature

satire so far1
Satire so far…

Animal Farm

Political satire

Stalin

Trotsky

Communism

Karl Marx Modernization/Industrialization

satire so far2
Satire so far…

Paradise Lost

Religious/societal satire

Sufferings of war

Fall of man

Defeat of the establishment

Righteousness of a higher power

is satire always funny
Is satire always funny?

Remember the definition of satire:

writing that exposes or finds fault

Sometime funny – sometimes not

slide33
Imagine that you would always have someone in your life at your beck and call. In a journal entry or informal essay, describe all the things that you would expect this person to do for you.

http://cwx.prenhall.com/bookbind/pubbooks/miller5/chapter8/custom3/deluxe-content.html

i want a wife
“I Want a Wife”

Prentice Hall

White - 395

As you read….

Brady uses a sarcastic, or even bitter, tone to highlight how unfair she thinks the roles of wives are. Discuss what you think might have led her to this sarcasm or bitterness. Be imaginative, and use clues from the essay to help you shape your story.

as you read
As you read….

Brady uses a sarcastic, or even bitter, tone to highlight how unfair she thinks the roles of wives are. Discuss what you think might have led her to this sarcasm or bitterness. Be imaginative, and use clues from the essay to help you shape your story.

subject and purpose
Subject and Purpose

Is Brady being fair? Justify.

Why did she write this?

what s in your toothpaste
“What’s In Your Toothpaste?

Prentice Hall

White - 183

Did you know some or all of the ingredients? Were you surprised or shocked by what ingredients are actually in toothpaste? Are you now going to try to find a more "natural" toothpaste?

As you read….

slide39
Bodanis\' description is intentionally shocking--linking the ingredients to substances that we would never consider putting in our mouths.

Divide into three groups.

Group A: Chalk, and titanium dioxideGroup B: Glycerine glycol, seaweedGroup C: Detergent, formaldehyde

To what does the author link these items? Why?

homework
Homework

Write a satire in the vein of “I Want a Wife” or “What’s In Your Toothpaste”

One page

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