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Credit Rating of BH and Perspectives for its Improvement. Kemal Kozarić, Ph.D. and Željko Šain, Ph.D. Dubrovnik, December 8 and 9, 2011. Macroeconomic indicators for BH. 2. Macroeconomic indicators for BH. Rating of the macroeconomic situation in BH “Better th a n might be expected”?

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Credit rating of bh and perspectives for its improvement

Credit Rating of BH and Perspectives for its Improvement

Kemal Kozarić, Ph.D. and Željko Šain, Ph.D.

Dubrovnik, December 8 and 9, 2011



Macroeconomic indicators for bh1
Macroeconomic indicators for BH

  • Rating of the macroeconomic situation in BH

    • “Better than might be expected”?

    • (evaluation by the part of academic and professional circles, EC, IMF, and other international financial institutions)

    • Worrying...  ... Catastrophic?

    • (evaluation of the part of academic and professional circles, NGO, ...  data on the growth of indebtedness, foreign trade deficit, unemployment rate and overall economic activities in the real sector ...)


Macroeconomic indicators for bh2
Macroeconomic indicators for BH

  • Rating of the macroeconomic situation in BH

    • Sovereign Credit Rating of BH as an indication of the macroeconomic situation?

      • Formal rating of two reputable rating agencies

      • S&P: rating downgraded from B+ to B, on December 1, 2011, rating status “on watch”

      • Moody's: B2, rating changed from stable to negative since May 2011

      • Negative outlook this year (mainly political reasons)

      • After recent changes the credit ratings of S&P and Moody’s are on the same level


Credit rating
Credit Rating

  • Credit Rating is an assessment of general creditworthiness of a certain debtor or a debt instrument – Securities or other financial obligation, based on relevant risk factors

  • Rating of a certain client is an assessment of its creditworthiness, or “regular” servicing of obligations expressed with the appropriate label

  • Assessment/evaluation of Credit Rating:

    • Internally developed quantitative models;

    • Specialized rating agencies (Moody’s, Fitch, Standard & Poor’s…).

  • Financial institutions using both models of rating development

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Credit rating1
Credit Rating

  • Credit Rating provides internationally harmonized and recognized framework for assessment and comparation of credit quality of individual debtor and debt instruments (securities)

  • Credit Rating in any way does not give an oppinion on how some creditor (for example, a bank, a state) or investment is “good” or “bad”, profitable, successful etc., but only and exclusively the probability of return of “borrowed” funds within agreed time

  • For smaller banks and SMEs there is usually no external rating (not profitable)

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Country risk
Country risk

  • The possibility of non-compliance of obligations to the bank as a result of actions of government or events in the debtors country

  • The determinants of country risk:

    • Political risk

    • Economic risk

    • Risk of transfers

    • Risk of default

    • Risk of guarantee

  • Management of country risk:

    • The adoption of formal policies for management of country risk

    • Internal monitoring

    • The mechanism of reporting to the bank management



The structure of strategic risk
The structure of strategic risk

Risk

Risk

Risk

Risk

Risk

Time

Risk

Risk

Risk


Macroeconomic indicators for bh3
Macroeconomic indicators for BH

  • Expectation and estimates for the future  How to reach sustainable economic development ?

    • 2012 and short term

    •  debt crisis in the EU and slowdown in economic growth (recession or crisis with a double bottom) and implications for SE Europe, Western Balkans, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    • “Long” term

    •  Is there potential for healthy growth of the real sector based on growth of employment, domestic demand and export?

    •  Is it (only) the capital/money thatis missing?


Macroeconomic indicators for bh4
Macroeconomic indicators for BH

  • Expectation and estimates for the future  How to reach sustainable economic development?

    REAL SECTOR

    FINANCIAL SECTOR

    (How and why is the global/financial crisis created and how to resolve it?)


The structure of the financial sector in bh
The structure of the financial sector in BH

  • Banking sector dominates the financial sector in BH  main source and channel for financing the real sector (and people)

  • High percentage of foreign ownership is a potential risk because strategic decisions are made out of reach of monetary authorities of BH

  • Relatively small share of other financial intermediaries

  • Table: The value of the assets of financial intermediaries

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Banking sector in bh
Banking sector in BH

  • The financial sector “bank dominated” :

    • 84% of total assets of the financial sector (at the end of 2010)

  • The dominance of foreign banking groups:

    • 95% of total assets and 82% of action/equity capital is concentrated in banks with majority foreign ownership

    • The significance of “Vienna Initiative” (external debt of the banking sector – 29.5% of total liabilities)

  • High liquidity

  • Good capital adequacy (16.1% in 2010, 15.5% in Q1, 2011)

  • Endangered profitability

    • Loss in 2010

    • NPL (non-performing loans) – growth

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Savings the other side of the coin
Savings – the other side of the coin?

  • Surveys of Visa company:

    • 33.2% of BH citizens saving

    • 61% do not save or have no money to save

    • 73.1% of citizens borrowing money

      • 75% borrowing money from the banks

      • 17.8% from parents

      • 13.2% from friends


Loans
Loans

  • The loans to private companies increased by KM 354 millions or 5%, the loans to households increased by KM 98 millions or 1.5%, total loans increased by KM 471 millions or 3.4%.

In KM millions

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The debt crisis in the euro zone a risk of new recession and or the crisis with a double bottom
The debt crisis in the Euro Zone – a risk of new recession and/or the crisis with a double bottom?

  • Started and culminated in Greece  threat of bankruptcy, leaving the Euro Zone...

  • Continued in Ireland and Portugal

  • (Countries: “PIGS” – the members of the Euro Zone)

  • Endangered Spain, Italy...?

  • Indicator share of public debt in GDP, the level of budget deficit, unemployment rate

  • Consequence  decline in sovereign credit rating, growth of the loans price, inability in public debt servicing, help from the IMF and the EU, the domino effect, the survival of the euro and the Euro Zone...,


The debt crisis in the euro zone a risk of new recession and or the crisis with a double bottom1
The debt crisis in the Euro Zone – a risk of new recession and/or the crisis with a double bottom?


Public debt as in gdp in the countries of the region
Public debt as % in GDP in the countries of the region and/or the crisis with a double bottom


The debt crisis in the euro zone a risk of new recession and or the crisis with a double bottom2
The debt crisis in the Euro Zone – a risk of new recession and/or the crisis with a double bottom?


The debt crisis in the euro zone a risk of new recession and or the crisis with a double bottom3
The debt crisis in the Euro Zone – a risk of new recession and/or the crisis with a double bottom?


The debt crisis in the euro zone a risk of new recession and or the crisis with a double bottom4
The debt crisis in the Euro Zone – a risk of new recession and/or the crisis with a double bottom?

  • The escalation of debt crisis (hesitation and mismatching attitude of the EU?)

     despite agreed and received assistance, the bankruptcy is threatening to Greece (Portugal and Ireland  slightly better condition)

     more and more serious situation in Spain and italy (Franch rating “on watch”)

     The exposure of european banks  “trigger” of the banking crisis?

  • Quarterly data  generally slowdown of economic growth and export, threatening inflation, “high unemployment”

  • Nouriel Rubini  The chances for new recession bigger than 50% !


How to ensure a better credit rating in the future
How to ensure a better credit rating in the future? and/or the crisis with a double bottom?

  • For better credit rating in the future, we should:

    • Provide political stability;

    • Create a better macroeconomic environment;

    • Raise awareness of responsibility for credit rating (governments, ministries, regulators, the CBBH, the real sector);

    • Assure budget discipline (reduce the budget deficit and adopt budgets for all levels in time, particularly for BH);

    • Remove the administrative barriers for corporate sector

    • and, the most important, remember that the above items are not one- shot measures, but a continuous process.


Thank you for your attention http www cbbh ba
Thank you for your attention and/or the crisis with a double bottom?http://www.cbbh.ba

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