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Writing Folders:. Seafarer timed essay Beowulf timed essay Elegy poem Extended analogy essay Chaucerian stanza poem The Canterbury Tales Prologue essay. Drafting schedule:. Today: Write support paragraphs Thursday: Receive revision/editing prompts

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Writing folders
Writing Folders:

  • Seafarer timed essay

  • Beowulf timed essay

  • Elegy poem

  • Extended analogy essay

  • Chaucerian stanza poem

  • The Canterbury Tales Prologue essay


Drafting schedule
Drafting schedule:

  • Today: Write support paragraphs

  • Thursday: Receive revision/editing prompts

  • Completed rough draft due Friday for added revisions and editing – 20 points

  • Final draft due next

    Wednesday – 100 points


Peters



Middle ages unit test format
Middle Ages Unit Test Format

  • Thursday: 50 points

    Involves matching/multiple choice questions which cover medieval history, romance (including Sir Gawain) and the General Prologue.

  • Friday: 40 points

    Involves seven identification//defintions and two short answer responses that cover the four tales (Pardoner/Wife/Nun’s Priest/Miller)


Middle ages test review
Middle Ages Test Review

  • Compare and contrast the elements of a feudalistic society with the aspects of a democratic society.

  • Why is “Sir Gawain and the Green Knight” a medieval romance?

  • Delineate how the structure and roles of feudalism were dismantled due to the onset of the Bubonic Plague.


Pilgrim identification
Pilgrim identification

  • ______________1.

    A lover and cadet, a lad of fire/With locks as curly as if they had been pressed./ He was some twenty years of age, I guessed.

  • ______________2.

    He’d sewed a holy relic on his cap;/ His wallet lay before him on his lap,/ Brimful of pardons come from Rome, all hot./ He had the same small voice a goar has got.

  • ______________3.

    Broad, knotty and short-shouldered, he would boast/ He could heave any door off hinge and post./ His beard, like any sow or fox, was red/ And broad as well, as though it were a spade.


Pilgrim identification1
Pilgrim identification

  • ______________4.

    He watched his patients closely for the hours/ When, by his horoscope, he knew the powers/ Of favorable planets, then ascendant./ Worked on the images for his dependent.

  • ______________5.

    Truth, honor, generousness, and courtesy,/ He had done nobly in his sovereign’s war/ Just home from service, he had joined our ranks/ To do his pilgrimage and to render thanks.

  • ______________6.

    The Rule of good St. Benet or St. Maur/ As old and strict he tended to ignore;/ He let go by the things of yesterday/ And took the modern world’s more spacious way.


Pilgrim identification2
Pilgrim identification

  • ______________7.

    by his bed/ He preferred having twenty books in red/ And black, or Aristotle’s philosophy,/ Than costly clothes, fiddle, or psaltery.

  • ______________8.

    Many a load of dung one time or other/ He must have carted through the morning dew./ He was an honest worker, good and true.

  • ______________9.

    This ______________ wore a coat and hood of green/ and peacock-feathered arrows bright and keen/ and neatly sheathed, hung at his belt the while/ For he could dress his gear in __________________ style.


Quiz the miller s tale
Quiz: The Miller’s Tale

  • Fabliau: comic verse; a comic and often bawdy story in verse, especially of a kind popular in 12th- and 13th-century France

  • Question: Describe how The Miller’s Tale qualifies as a fabliau.


Of the three tales you have read
Of the three tales you have read,

Which is the best tale . . .

  • According to Chaucer’s purpose?

  • According to the host’s purpose?

  • According to a contemporary reader’s purpose?

  • According to you?


Wife of bath s tale discussion prompt
Wife of Bath’s TaleDiscussion Prompt

What can the reader infer about Chaucer’s view of the Wife of Bath from the tale he has given her?


Calendar adjustments
Calendar Adjustments:

  • Thursday: Memorizations due

  • Friday: TheWife of Bath’s Prologue/Tale quiz

  • Monday: The Miller’s Tale quiz

  • Tuesday: Unit test review

  • Wednesday:The Nun’s Priest’s Tale due


The canterbury tales small group discussion
The Canterbury TalesSmall Group Discussion

  • Discuss the assigned topic within your group. Include several textual examples that are covered throughout the General Prologue.

  • Take detailed notes, as these will serve you well in preparation for next Wednesday’s timed essay on the General Prologue.

  • Share your findings with Mrs. Peters.


The pardoner s tale quiz 20 points
The Pardoner’s Talequiz/20 points

  • An exemplum is a brief moral story. In one paragraph, explain how the plot, characters and conflict of The Pardoner’s Tale combine to provide an exemplum.

  • In a second paragraph, discuss how the Pardoner’s prologue is a fittingly ironic opening to his tale.

  • Keep both paragraphs to a total of one page.


Sample chaucerian stanza in iambic pentameter unstressed stressed 5 stresses per line
Sample Chaucerian Stanza in IAMBIC PENTAMETER:unstressed/stressed---5 stresses per line

  • To the beautiful city of Jerusalem I hath been thrice,

  • And all the men’s attention I will entice.

  • Blood red, you see, is the color of my fine hose;

  • To match my face is as crimson as a rose.

  • A gap as wide as a valley between my teeth,

  • With a kerchief upon my head that’s like a wreath.

  • If you have trouble with love, then come to me;

  • I’ll try to provide a cure or helpful remedy.

  • You’ll see me in church, well-dressed in my big wimple;

  • I worship God and men---my life’s so simple!


Making inferences about the
Making inferences about the _____________:

“Supple his boots, his horse in fine condition.

He was a prelate fit for exhibition.

He was not pale like a tormented soul.

He like a swan best, roasted and whole.”

  • Monk


Making inferences about the1
Making inferences about the _____________:

“In company she liked to laugh and chat

And knew the remedies for love’s mischances,

An art in which she knew the oldest dances.”

  • Wife of Bath City


Making inferences about the2
Making inferences about the _________________:

“If, when he fought, the enemy vessel sank,

He sent his prisoners home;

they walked the plank.”

  • Skipper


Making inferences about the3
Making inferences about the _____________:

“Wide was his parish, with houses far sunder,

Yet he neglected not in rain or thunder,

In sickness nor in grief, to pay a call

On the remotest, whether great or small.”

  • Parson


Memorization assignment options
Memorization Assignment Options:

  • 20 points: Write (from memory) the first 18 lines from Chaucer’s General Prologue.

  • 20 points + 5 bonus points: In class, orally present (from memory) the first 18 lines from Chaucer’s General Prologue.

  • 20 points + 10 bonus points: In class, orally present (from memory) the first 18 lines from Chaucer’s General Prologue in the Middle English pronunciation.

  • All presentations due Thursday, October 15.


Elements of a medieval romance
Elements of a Medieval Romance

The medieval romance has a simple, inevitable plot: a near-perfect hero battles an evil enemy and ultimately wins. As part of the story, the hero inevitably undertakes a quest. The quest usually has three stages: a dangerous journey, a moral test or ordeal to determine if the hero truly has the qualities of a hero, and a return to the point of origin from which the journey began.


Sir gawain and the green knight
Sir Gawain and The Green Knight

In Sir Gawain we have the model of the chivalric hero whose honor is being tested. This is a serious romance whose purpose is clearly to teach a moral lesson. Yet the hero does not have unlimited powers; Gawain is a human being, who, like all of us, is limited in his moral and physical strength.


Sir gawain and the green knight1
Sir Gawain and The Green Knight

Discuss examples of behavior which reflect the chivalric code that suggest more than just courtly love (gallantry toward women)---consider loyalty, modesty, faith, honor, valor and courtesy.


Chivalry dead or alive
Chivalry: Dead or Alive?

Consider the question above and find examples from today’s society to prove that chivalry is alive and well or has withered and died in the face of our modern sensibilities and values.


It all began when
It all began when…

Edward the Confessor

  • No children

  • Who would become King when he died?

  • Three men claim the throne after his death


First claim to the throne
First claim to the throne

Harold Godwin

  • His sister was married to King Edward

  • Edward was reported to have uttered, “I commend my wife and all my kingdom to your care” on his deathbed to Harold.


Second claim to the throne
Second Claim to the Throne

William,

Duke of Normandy

Claimed King Edward promised him the throne


Third claim to the throne
Third Claim to the Throne

Harald Hardrada

  • Viking king of Denmark

  • Related to a Viking king that had ruled England from 1016 until 1032

  • Believed he should have the crown as a result


What happened
What happened?

Harold Godwin became King of England

Invasions began

  • September 1066, Harold Hardrada invaded at Stamford Bridge


The battle
The Battle

  • William defeated Harold’s forces at Hastings on October 14, 1066

  • Harald was killed and William claimed the throne (thus is he known as “William the Conqueror”)

  • What famous monarch was named after William I?


Heir to the british throne prince william to one day be king william v of england
Heir to the British throne, Prince William, to one day be King William V of England


William s england
William’s England

  • He did not eliminate the Anglo-Saxons

  • He combined Norman and Anglo-Saxon elements

  • A blending of Norman French and English began to evolve, known asMiddle English.

  • Normans brought administrative ability, increased emphasis on law and order and cultural unity


Domesday book
Domesday Book

  • 1086 – all property in England inventoried in this book

  • For the first time, the English could be taxed for what they owned


What else did the normans bring
What else did the Normans bring?

  • French: Language switched from

    Old English to Middle English

    • French became the language of the upper classes and government

    • Middle English was the spoken language of the peasant class

    • The Canterbury Tales:first work to be composed in Middle English


Words that come from norman britain
Words that come from Norman Britain

  • Rendezvous

  • Cliché

  • Fiancée

  • Miss/Ms./Mrs. or Mr.

  • Provenance


They also brought feudalism
They also brought Feudalism

King

Nobles or barons/vassals/lords

Knights

Landless knights

and peasants



Knighthood
Knighthood feudal classes

  • Sons of lords

  • Age 7: Page

  • Age 13: Squire (knight in training)

  • Ages 18-21: Knight

    • Dubbing ceremony/title of “sir”

    • Knights were “married” to their lords; they could not marry until they retired.


Medieval weaponry
Medieval Weaponry feudal classes


Medieval battle weapons
Medieval Battle Weapons feudal classes

Catapult

Trebuchet


Heraldry
Heraldry feudal classes

Colors and symbols assigned to a family for identification purposes

Helped knights identify their comrades while in battle


Knightly code of chivalry
Knightly Code of Chivalry feudal classes

System of ideals and social codes governing the behavior of knights and gentlewomen

A major aspect of chivalry was fealty, or loyalty

to one’s lord (similar to Anglo-Saxon comitatus)

Other aspects: bravery, courage,

honor of women (known as courtly love)


Courtly love
Courtly Love feudal classes

Aspect of chivalry

Dealt with the

relationship between knights and ladies

  • Lady was always out of the knight’s reach

    Provided for great literature

    Led to the creation of the

    Medieval Romance


Role of women
Role of Women feudal classes

  • Inferior to men

  • A woman’s rank depended on the rank of her father or husband

  • Housework and childbearing

  • Merchants, blacksmiths, midwives

  • Chivalry brought idealized attitude towards women, but not better treatment


A change in the feudal system
A change in the feudal system feudal classes

  • More people = movement to cities and towns

  • The new merchant class worked outside of the feudal system

    • Result: feudal system began to disappear

    • Jobs: baker, smith, cooper, cobbler, haberdasher, cook, fishmonger


Important events of the middle ages
Important events of the feudal classesMiddle Ages

The Crusades

Murder of Thomas Becket

Magna Carta

The Black Death


The crusades
The Crusades feudal classes

  • 1095-1270

  • European Christians vs. Muslims

  • Capture Jerusalem and the Holy Land

  • Benefit=exposure to Middle East’s civilization


The murder of thomas becket
The Murder of Thomas Becket feudal classes

  • Appointed Archbishop of Canterbury by Henry II

  • Becket sided with the pope

    • “Will no one rid me of this turbulent priest?”

  • 1170: murdered while praying in the cathedral


Canterbury Cathedral: feudal classes

Steeple signified “visual presence” with God


Saint thomas becket the martyr
Saint Thomas Becket the Martyr feudal classes

The Martyrdom located in Canterbury Cathedral


Aftermath of the murder
Aftermath of the murder feudal classes

  • Public made Becket a martyr

  • Backlash against Henry II, making the Church more powerful than the monarchy

  • Negative effect: Corruption in the Church

  • Positive effect: No boundaries between Church and people


Magna carta
Magna Carta feudal classes

  • Signed in 1215

  • Became the basis for English constitutional law

King John and the barons


The bubonic plague
The feudal classesBubonic Plague

Millions

1348-1349

God’s revenge

“Fleas on rats”

Reduced population

  • Labor shortage

  • Serfs gain freedom

  • Feudalism becomes obsolete

  • Merchant/city/trade class grows as a major financial boost to the English economy

Years


The black death
The “Black” Death feudal classes

What word from childhood is derived from the times of outbreaks of the Bubonic Plague?


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