Introduction to Canada - Part 2. The Prairies. Canadian Shield. Western Cordillera. Innuitian Mountains. Hudson Bay Lowlands. Appalachians. Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Lowlands. Regina. Winnipeg. Vancouver. Victoria. Calgary. Yellowknife. Iqaluit. Whitehorse. Toronto. Edmonton.
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Introduction to Canada - Part 2
Hudson Bay Lowlands
Great Lakes - St. Lawrence Lowlands
The total land area of Canada is 9,984,670 square kilometres (km).
It is the second largest country in the world.
The longest distance north to south (on land) is 4,634 km, from Nunavut to Ontario.
The longest distance east to west is 5,514 km from Newfoundland and Labrador to the Yukon Territory where it borders with Alaska.
To put these distances in perspective: it takes seven days to drive from Halifax, Nova Scotia to Vancouver, British Columbia. Flying from Halifax to Vancouver takes seven hours.
Canada has six different time zones: Newfoundland, Atlantic, Eastern, Central, Mountain, and Pacific.
The following is a description of Canada’s weather on a tourist site:
In Canada, there are four different seasons: spring, summer, autumn (fall), and winter.
In the winter, the days are shorter and colder. When outdoors, people wear mitts or gloves, scarves, hats, warm coats, and insulated boots. In the summer, the days are longer and warmer.
Overall, the climate varies dramatically across Canada. Many factors influence climate, such as distance from large bodies of water, latitude, elevation, and prevailing winds.
Some regions, particularly the southern coastal regions, have relatively mild climates. Temperatures might range from -10° to 5° Celsius in the winter and 10°C to 30°C in the summer. In these coastal regions, there is more rain than snow during the winter. Some parts of Canada, such as the West Coast, are quite humid. Other parts, like the Prairies, are very dry.
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