Jeffersonian America. APUSH. Lewis and Clark. Presidential appointed team / 1804 Meriwether Lewis & William Clark Began in St. Louis, MO and ended in Oregon Significant journey—took detailed notes including encounters with Native Americans Warned of hardships settlers would face moving West
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1. Marbury v. Madison (1803) gave the Court the power of judicial review.
2. U.S. v. Peters (1809) established the Court's right to coerce a state legislature
3. Martin v. Hunter's Lessee (1816) confirmed the Court's right to overrule a state court
4. Cohens v. Virginia (1821). States were no longer sovereign in all respects since they had ratified the Constitution. State courts must submit to federal jurisdiction.
1. McCullough v. Maryland (1819) upheld the right of Congress to charter a national bank, thus putting into national law the doctrine of implied powers.
2. Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) gave the national government undisputed control over interstate commerce by ruling invalid a steamboat monopoly chartered by New York state. This freed internal transportation from state restraint.
A. Fletcher v. Peck (1810) established the principle that state laws were invalid when in conflict with the Constitution
B. Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819) by forbidding the state legislature to alter the college charter, established the principle that charters were contracts which could not be impaired.
C. Martin v. Mott (1827) denied a state the right to withhold its militia from service.
*Repubs. decided NOT to have Burr for TJ’s 2nd Term
*In 1804, Congress passed 12th Amendment, specifying which ballot was being cast for Pres and which for VP by Electoral College
*Background: Election of 1800 was a tie between TJ and Burr (the VP Candidate). The House decided, and because Alex. Hamilton hated Burr, House chose TJ as President