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Community cooperation and capacity-building for stronger child protection. Menbere Dawit GBV Technical Adviser, UNHCR 20 May 2010 Photo by Brendan Bannon, Namibia. Child Protection Systems. International child protection framework National legal framework

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Community cooperation and capacity building for stronger child protection

Community cooperation and capacity-building for stronger child protection

Menbere Dawit

GBV Technical Adviser, UNHCR

20 May 2010

Photo by Brendan Bannon, Namibia


Child protection systems
Child Protection Systems child protection

  • International child protection framework

  • National legal framework

  • Enforcement of protective legislation

  • Protection for children of all nationalities

    Photo from UNHCR archives


Violence against displaced children
Violence against displaced children child protection

  • Refugee children/children of concern

  • Protection risks linked to violence

  • Different needs

    • Gender

    • Unaccompanied and separated children

    • Adolescents

    • Rural vs. urban

    • Disabilities

      Photo from UNHCR archives


Unhcr s protection mandate
UNHCR’s Protection Mandate child protection

  • Children of concern to UNHCR

  • Protection and assistance

  • Cooperation with community partners

  • Inter-agency cooperation on child protection

    Photo by Brendan Bannon, Namibia


Communities as the front line for child protection

National systems and communities child protection

Local awareness of and support for child protection concerns

Engaging partners and stakeholders at multi-levels

Inclusion of marginalized children

Photos from UNHCR archives

Communities as the front line for child protection


Addressing the immediate needs of children
Addressing the immediate needs of children child protection

  • Physical protection

  • Addressing immediate needs (food, shelter, clothing, medical, etc.)

  • Identifying children with special needs e.g. HRIT (Heightened Risk Identification Tool)

  • Guardianship

    Archive photo from south Asia


Continuing protection for children over several years
Continuing protection for children over several years child protection

  • Safe and protective environments

  • Capacity-building in local institutions and communities

  • Stronger investment in livelihoods and vocational training

  • Temporary care for UASC; family tracing

  • Reporting and referral mechanisms in place

    Above: Karen refugee children, Thailand

    Below: Photo from UNHCR archives


Towards long term child protection
Towards long term child protection child protection

  • Cooperation and peace-building involving women and children

  • Sustained psycho-social care services

  • Change in community:

    • Attitudes

    • Behaviors

    • Customs

    • Traditions

    • Practices

    • Expectations

      Photo from UNHCR archives, the Americas


Community activation
Community activation child protection

  • Activating community protection mechanisms

  • Dialogue

  • Information campaigns

  • Children’s advocacy in host community

    Archive photo from the Americas


Good practices
Good practices child protection

  • Community-based protection networks

  • Coordinating GBV data collection with agencies and NGOs

    • Coordinated GBV data collection; common terminology

    • Focused data is needed for studying trends and providing stronger GBV prevention and response programming

  • Best Interests Determination (BID) of a child

    Photo from UNHCR archives, the Americas


  • Good practices continued
    Good practices (continued) child protection

    • Child’s Rights Clubs in refugee communities and schools

    • Participatory Assessments

      • Community ownership

      • Child’s perspective considered in planning and programming

    • Monitoring and referral procedures in place

      • Safe reporting mechanisms for children

        Photo of Iraqi youth in Damascus


    Unhcr child protection guidelines and resources
    UNHCR child protection guidelines child protectionand resources

    UNHCRGuidelines on Determining the Best Interests of the Child, May 2006

    • http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/pdfid/48480c342.pdf

      UNHCR Guidelines on International Protection: Child Asylum Claims, 22 December 2009

    • http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/4b2f4f6d2.html

      UNHCR Guidelines on International Protection: Victims of trafficking and persons at risk of being trafficked, 7 April 2006

    • http://www.unhcr.org/443b626b2.html

      UNHCR Guidelines on Policies and Procedures in Dealing with Unaccompanied Children Seeking Asylum, February 1997

    • http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/pdfid/3ae6b3360.pdf

      UNHCR Handbook for the Protection of Women and Girls, January 2008

    • http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/47cfc2962.html

      UNHCR, Refugee Children: Guidelines on Protection and Care, 1994

    • http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/pdfid/3ae6b3470.pdf

      UNHCR Refugee protection and mixed migration: The 10-Point Plan of Action, January 2007

    • http://www.unhcr.org/4742a30b4.html

      Other resources

      Action for the Rights of Children (ARC) resource pack, 2009

    • http://www.savethechildren.net/arc/using/index.html

      Inter-agency guidelines on unaccompanied and separated children, 2004

    • http://www.unhcr.org/4098b3172.html

      SCEP Statement of Good Practice, 2004

    • http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/pdfid/415450694.pdf


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