Malachi 1 1 2a
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Malachi 1:1-2a. Who is Israel?. Malachi Background. Written by Malachi in Judah Almost nothing personally is known about Malachi Written in ca. 460 BC --- about 60 years after Haggai --- two generations later. Malachi Background. Judah was one of 120 provinces in Persia

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Malachi 1:1-2a

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Malachi 1 1 2a

Malachi 1:1-2a

Who is Israel?


Malachi background

Malachi Background

Written by Malachi in Judah

Almost nothing personally is known about Malachi

Written in ca. 460 BC --- about 60 years after Haggai --- two generations later


Malachi background1

Malachi Background

Judah was one of 120 provinces in Persia

Judah was reduced to 20 miles X 25 miles with an impoverished population of 150,000

Jerusalem still lay largely in ruins but the Temple was completed


Malachi background2

Malachi Background

Judah surrounded by opposition and infiltrated by enemies

The main enemies were from Edom --- the Edomites


Edom vs judah

Edom vs. Judah

Both Judah and Edom were defeated by Babylonia and by the Medo-Persians

Judah was worse off after the Babylonians took over and then slightly better off immediately after the Medo-Persians took over ---

but after Haggai’s time, Judah was impoverished once more


Malachi background3

Malachi Background

After Haggai (520 BC) the Jews expected a Messiah to come ---

a military or a political leader that would give Judah rule over their captors

The Messiah had still not come

Things were getting worse for Judah


Malachi 1 1 2a1

Malachi 1:1-2a

The oracle of the word of the Lord to Israel by Malachi. 2 “I have loved you,” says the Lord. But you say, “How have you loved us?”


The complaint

The Complaint

The Jews were Dissatisfied and questioned God’s Love for them

Why?

They measured God’s love for them in terms of God giving them what they wanted --- what they thought they needed


Malachi 1 1 2a2

Malachi 1:1-2a

The oracle of the word of the Lord to Israel by Malachi. 2 “I have loved you,” says the Lord. But you say, “How have you loved us?”


What they wanted

What They Wanted

A Messiah to Grant them: Freedom

Power

Victory over their enemies

Comfort


What they did not realize

What They Did Not Realize

That God’s Love is Defined by God

God determines how He manifests His Love

God knows better what we need than we do


What they did not realize1

What They Did Not Realize

God’s Love for us is typically Spiritual and Eternal

Designed to equip us to better Serve and Declare God’s Glory

It is not typically measured in terms of our comfort

Will never facilitate our glory


God sends malachi

God Sends Malachi

Malachi 1:1

The oracle of the word of the Lord to Israel by Malachi.


At this time

At This Time…

There was no Israel --- it has dissolved in 722 BC --- 160 years and 8 generations earlier


This is very common

This is Very Common

The Prophets use the word “Israel” 511 times in the Scriptures with over 300 of these references after Israel as a nation had been dissolved


The judahites view

The Judahites View…

The Judahites would see the term “Israel” and view it to refer to those descending from Abraham

They thought that Israel refers to them


The abrahamic promise

The Abrahamic Promise

Genesis 12:1-3

Now the Lord said to Abram… I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.”


But who is the heir to the promise

But Who is the Heir to the Promise?

Galatians 3:29

And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s offspring, heirs according to promise.


Abraham s seed

Abraham’s Seed

Galatians 3:9

So then, those who are of faith are blessed along with Abraham, the man of faith.


Abraham s seed1

Abraham’s Seed

Romans 9:6b-7

For not all who are descended from Israel belong to Israel, 7 and not all are children of Abraham because they are his offspring


Therefore

Therefore….

Malachi is a Prophet speaking to….

All Believers --- Including You

Malachi 1:1

The oracle of the word of the Lord to Israel by Malachi.


The entire old testament relates to

The Entire Old Testament Relates to..

Every Generation of those In Christ

The promises to the “House of Israel” are to Every Generation of those In Christ


The house of israel

The House of Israel

Ezekiel 36:22-27

“Therefore say to the house of Israel, Thus says the Lord God… 24 I will take you from the nations and gather you from all the countries…25 I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean from all your uncleannesses, and from all your idols I will cleanse you. 26 And I will give you a new heart, and a new spirit I will put within you. And I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27 And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes and be careful to obey my rules.


Take home message

Take Home Message

The Entire Old Testament is written for all Believers for all time

The promises in the Old Testament apply to us

We are the Seed of Abraham

We are Israel --- the Israel of God


Take home message1

Take Home Message

Malachi was sent both to teach the people in 460 BC ---

and to teach us

God uses the context then to teach us now


What was god teaching

What was God Teaching?

Malachi 1:2a

“I have loved you,” says the Lord. But you say, “How have you loved us?”


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