Private Rail in Germany: The Example of Connex. Overview:. Rail reform as the legal background: Open access “Regionalisation” as a new way of financing regional rail Connex as the biggest independent rail operator: Concept and philosophy. Rail reform: The situation in 1991/92.
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Rail reform as the legal background:
Connex as the biggest independent rail operator:
Instruments to achieve competition:
Deutsche Bahn was divided into
Financing of the deficit in regional rail until 1994:
Simple balancing of the whole deficit
Financing of regionalrail from 1995:
(ca. 7 Mrd. Euros/year)
... and ca. 30 others
Market share in regional rail:
Decentralised company structure:
Mainly three types of DMU with similar characteristics
Alstom LINT (38)
Bombardier Talent (53)
Siemens Desiro (18)
Three conventional trainsets, consisting of electric loco (class 185) and 4-6 refurbished express train cars (140 km/h)
From Dec. 2005 on the Hamburg-Island of Sylt route:
Diesel-hauled push-pull trains with 6-12 cars,
140 km/h (Cars can run 160 km/h)
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