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Application of an Activity-Based Model for Highway Pricing Studies in Chicago. CMAP Region. Population: 10.5m 21 counties 2K TAZs 17K MAZs. Regional Comprehensive Plan. GO TO 2040, adopted in 2010 Notorious traffic congestion Pricing queries lead to ABM development. Why Pricing?.

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Application of an Activity-Based Model for Highway Pricing Studies in Chicago

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Application of an activity based model for highway pricing studies in chicago

Application of an Activity-Based Model for Highway Pricing Studies in Chicago

TPAC | Columbus, OH | May 2013


Cmap region

CMAP Region

Population: 10.5m

21 counties

2K TAZs

17K MAZs


Regional comprehensive plan

Regional Comprehensive Plan

GO TO 2040, adopted in 2010

Notorious traffic congestion

Pricing queries lead to ABM development


Why pricing

Why Pricing?

  • Theoretical

    • Turn external costs inward

  • Practical

    • Cannot build our way out of congestion


Express or hot lanes in the us 2012

Express or HOT lanes in the US (2012)


Why develop abm

Why Develop ABM?

  • Advanced Model Work Plan

    • Pricing ABM

    • Transit ABM

    • ABM-DTA Integration

  • Benefits

    • User segmentation

    • Continuous value of time


Integrated model system

Integrated Model System

  • CT-RAMP demand model

    • Coordinated Travel Regional Activity-based Modeling Platform

  • Highway Assignments & Skimming

    • Handles route choice for trucks, externals, & airport traffic


Distributed model system

Distributed Model System


Model flow

Model Flow

Model Re-estimated for CMAP Pricing ABM

Auto ownership model

Destination choice models

Time-of-day choice models

Mode choice models


Ct ramp person types

CT-RAMP Person Types


Ct ramp activity types

CT-RAMP Activity Types


Road pricing essentials

Road Pricing Essentials

  • Variation in Value of Time

    • ABM -continuous VOT distribution

    • EMME - discrete VOT classes (high & low)

  • Vehicle occupancy

    • ABM & EMME - 3 discrete classes

      • SOV, HOV2, HOV3+

  • Route type choice

    • ABM & EMME explicitly treat toll & non-toll users for each segment


Value of time

Value of Time

  • VOT by travel purpose & person type

  • Car occupancy accounts for cost sharing

    • VOT(HOV2) = 1.6 * max(individual VOT)

    • VOT(HOV3+) = 2.3 * max(individual VOT)

  • Static assignment & VOT


Example of vot distribution

Example of VOT Distribution


Emme macro

EMME Macro


Route type choice

Route Type Choice

  • Currently implemented as binary choice

    • Toll vs. non-toll

  • Explicit modeling of toll users at OD level

  • Accounts for toll bias

  • Allows for VOT variation/segmentation beyond 12 assignable classes


Assignable trip tables

Assignable Trip Tables

  • Total of 44

    • 12 for passenger auto (from ABM)

    • 8 for trucks (EMME route type choice model)

    • 12 for externals (EMME route type choice model)

    • 12 for airports (EMME route type choice model)


Initial demand segmentation

Initial DemandSegmentation


Desired multi class assignment

Desired Multi-ClassAssignment


Multi class assignment

Multi-ClassAssignment


Projects

Projects

IL 53/120

  • New highways

    • IL 53/120

    • Elgin O’Hare West Bypass

  • Add lanes

    • I-90

    • I-290

    • I-55

I-90

EOWB

I-290

I-55


Setting toll rates

Setting Toll Rates

  • Current

    • Set to recover construction & operating costs

  • Congestion pricing

    • Set to achieve performance objectives

      • Maintain free flow speed

      • Maximize revenue

      • Maximize throughput


Setting toll rates1

Setting Toll Rates

  • Set toll based on modeled delay

  • Toll Rate = (Hrs of Delay * VOT per Hr) / Miles


Travel times am peak

Travel Times (AM Peak)

$0.00

$0.00

$1.30

$2.76

Minutes

$2.53

$3.41


Toll rate comparisons

Toll Rate Comparisons

Toll rate ($/mile)


Other findings

Other Findings

  • Mode Share

    • Small HOV increase & SOV decrease

  • Traffic Spillover

    • Arterials & General Purpose Lanes

      • Decreased congestion


Other cmap efforts

Other CMAP Efforts

  • Outreach

  • Further study


Application of an activity based model for highway pricing studies in chicago

Questions?

Matt Stratton, mstratton@cmap.illinois.gov

Kermit Wies, kwies@cmap.illinois.gov

Peter Vovsha, vovsha@pbworld.com

Ben Stabler, stabler@pbworld.com


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