Chapter 8
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Chapter 8. Hog raising. SELECTING HOGS FOR RAISING’S CRITERIA. The gilt should have well-developed udder with minimum of six pairs of properly spaced functions set. Must have sound and well- placed feet and legs

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Chapter 8

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Chapter 8

Chapter 8

Hog raising


Selecting hogs for raising s criteria

SELECTING HOGS FOR RAISING’S CRITERIA

The gilt should have well-developed udder with minimum of six pairs of properly spaced functions set.

Must have sound and well- placed feet and legs

Female breeders should come from a litter of eight or more good sized piglets with high survivality.


Chapter 8

Do not keep gilts that come from sows in which agalactia(failure to secrete milk) have been observe.

Masculinity, both in appearance in action, should predominate in the make up of any boar.

The primary sex organ should be clearly visible and be well developed.


Factors to consider in raising hogs

FACTORS TO CONSIDER IN RAISING HOGS

Water – a pig will drink 24 gallons of water a day.

Management –pigs will stay clean if you let them. They will designate an area for eating, sleeping and elimination of waste

Housing –pigs need enough space to move comfortably


Most common breeds of hogs recommended for raising

MOST COMMON BREEDS OF HOGS RECOMMENDED FOR RAISING

Y0RKSHIRE – the mother breed.

DUROC –they grow on you.

HAMPSHIRE –the belt-mark of a meat hog.

LANDRACE –the universal breed.

POLAND CHINA – more durability.

SPOTTED –they’ll deliver

BERKSHIRE –the confinement factor

CHESTER WHITE –the maternal muscle quality breed


Ways on how to take care of hogs

WAYS ON HOW TO TAKE CARE OF HOGS

Keep buildings, run-ways, pen and equipment clean always.

Sanitize and disinfect them regularly

Quarantine or isolate animals recently brought from other source.


Care and management of the sow

CARE AND MANAGEMENT OF THE SOW

Deworm sows and gilts against internal parasites and treat external parasites 14 days before expected date of farrowing.

To avoid constipation, provide healthy but a laxative ration.


Care of the boar

CARE OF THE BOAR

In commercial operations, as a new board should always be checked for fertility and diseases associated with abortion and birth of dead pigs.


Recommended breeding load of boars at different ages

Recommended breeding load of boars at different ages

Ages, month=no. Of services per week

7 or less= none

8-10=1 or ever 5-10 days

11=1 or every 4 days

12=2 or every 3 days

18 and over=3-7 or every other day


Methods on marketing

METHODS ON MARKETING

Is the last job done on growing –finishing pigs. Choosing a market is one of the important decisions a hog producer must make before sale of slaughter hogs. The market selected may affect income and profitability.


Common diseases of hogs

COMMON DISEASES OF HOGS

Salt poisoning

Mercury poisoning

Head poisoning

Mould poisoning

Lameness and paralysis

Heat stroke

Sunburn


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Constipation

Mastitis

Metritis

Infertility and abortion

Agalactia

Anaemia

White scours

Para keratosis


Non contagious diseases

NON-CONTAGIOUS DISEASES

External parasites

Hog louse

Mange mites

2. Internal parasites

Large intestinal roundworms

Nodular worms

Whip worm

Red stomach worm


Contagious diseases

CONTAGIOUS DISEASES

Viral

Hog cholera

Foot and mouth diseases

Transmissible gastroenteritis

Rabies

Swine pox

Pig influenza


2 bacterial diseases

2.Bacterial diseases

Brucellosis

Salmonellosis

Antrax

Pasteurellosis

Swine erysipelas

Leptospirosis

Swine dysentery

Tuberculosis


3 protozoan diseases

3.Protozoan diseases

Balantidiosis


Prevention of swine diseases

PREVENTION OF SWINE DISEASES

-Prevention is definitely better than cure and it is perhaps the only remedy available to pig farmers.

-It is possible to prevent most of the non-contagious diseases.

-Contagious diseases can be prevented to a certain extent through following timely preventive measures.


4 steps removing cause diseases

4 STEPS REMOVING CAUSE DISEASES

1.Preventing the introduction of new diseases.

2.Removing the existing source of infection to break the diseases cycle.

3.Cleaning and disinfecting to reduce the number of disease organism.

4.Practicing good management to reduce the effect off stress and eliminate carrier animals.


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