Chapter 8. Hog raising. SELECTING HOGS FOR RAISING’S CRITERIA. The gilt should have well-developed udder with minimum of six pairs of properly spaced functions set. Must have sound and well- placed feet and legs
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The gilt should have well-developed udder with minimum of six pairs of properly spaced functions set.
Must have sound and well- placed feet and legs
Female breeders should come from a litter of eight or more good sized piglets with high survivality.
Do not keep gilts that come from sows in which agalactia(failure to secrete milk) have been observe.
Masculinity, both in appearance in action, should predominate in the make up of any boar.
The primary sex organ should be clearly visible and be well developed.
Water – a pig will drink 24 gallons of water a day.
Management –pigs will stay clean if you let them. They will designate an area for eating, sleeping and elimination of waste
Housing –pigs need enough space to move comfortably
Y0RKSHIRE – the mother breed.
DUROC –they grow on you.
HAMPSHIRE –the belt-mark of a meat hog.
LANDRACE –the universal breed.
POLAND CHINA – more durability.
SPOTTED –they’ll deliver
BERKSHIRE –the confinement factor
CHESTER WHITE –the maternal muscle quality breed
Keep buildings, run-ways, pen and equipment clean always.
Sanitize and disinfect them regularly
Quarantine or isolate animals recently brought from other source.
Deworm sows and gilts against internal parasites and treat external parasites 14 days before expected date of farrowing.
To avoid constipation, provide healthy but a laxative ration.
In commercial operations, as a new board should always be checked for fertility and diseases associated with abortion and birth of dead pigs.
Ages, month=no. Of services per week
7 or less= none
8-10=1 or ever 5-10 days
11=1 or every 4 days
12=2 or every 3 days
18 and over=3-7 or every other day
Is the last job done on growing –finishing pigs. Choosing a market is one of the important decisions a hog producer must make before sale of slaughter hogs. The market selected may affect income and profitability.
Lameness and paralysis
Infertility and abortion
2. Internal parasites
Large intestinal roundworms
Red stomach worm
Foot and mouth diseases
-Prevention is definitely better than cure and it is perhaps the only remedy available to pig farmers.
-It is possible to prevent most of the non-contagious diseases.
-Contagious diseases can be prevented to a certain extent through following timely preventive measures.
1.Preventing the introduction of new diseases.
2.Removing the existing source of infection to break the diseases cycle.
3.Cleaning and disinfecting to reduce the number of disease organism.
4.Practicing good management to reduce the effect off stress and eliminate carrier animals.