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实验 8 昆虫的外部形态观察 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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实验 8 昆虫的外部形态观察. 张霞 2011.11. 预习. 血红蛋白凝胶过滤(最后一次实验). 一、 实验目的. 掌握昆虫纲特征 ; 了解昆虫体躯的一般构造 ; 掌握昆虫头、胸、腹部的基本构造 ; 掌握昆虫头式的类型 ; 观察蝗虫的咀嚼式口器 ; 观察蝗虫的气管形态;. 识别昆虫. 蜈  蚣. 马  陆. 蚰  蜒. 蝎  子. 蜱  类. 蜘  蛛. 二、相关基础知识 —— 节肢动物简介.

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实验 8 昆虫的外部形态观察

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2011.11


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  • ;

  • ;

  • ;

  • ;

  • ;


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  • 13

  • 55006000


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  • 24

  • 225

  • 2111


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1. 32. 313. 324. 5.


Exoskeleton

(exoskeleton)


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  • 103


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  • (antenna)11


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  • ,,,28000


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  • 03

  • 1.dorsal ocelli: 32131

  • 2.lateral ocelli: 1-712-666


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  • (mouthparts)(feeding apparatus)


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  • 53(Preoral cavity)(cibarium)(salivarium)


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AB C D E

A


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  • 1.Labrum

  • 2.Mandibles incisor lobe)molar lobe


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  • 3.Maxillae

  • 4.Labium

  • 5.Hypopharynx mouth


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  • (hypognathous)

  • (prognathous)

  • (opisthognathous)


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  • 3(prothorax)(mesothorax)(metathoraX)1 1(wings)(pterothorax)


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  • (tergum)(pronotum)


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  • (anapleurite)(coxopleurite)(sternopleurite)


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  • paranotum


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  • Abdomen--


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  • 8


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  • 11


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  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4


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1

2

3


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  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4212)5

  • 2.5


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