AIA - ASSOCIATION INDUSTRIAL OF ANGOLA - AIA. A N G O L A BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES INVESTING And PARTNERSHIPS C O N S I G O... A N G O L A V A I C R E S C E R!. Platform. Marginal.
A N G O L A
BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES INVESTING And PARTNERSHIPS
C O N S I G O... A N G O L A V A I C R E S C E R!
"THE CHALLENGE IN ANGOLA" GENERALFor a better understanding produced this little short, which might have some value for the less informed and all done without the pretension of drain the material. For example: 1. Infrastructure: The 30 years of conflict, worsened after the 1st s general elections in 1992 led to the destruction or degradation of the technical infrastructure with particular focus on roads and bridges, the railways, energy systems and water and compounded by the migration of millions of citizens of the field to the cities for security reasons, in addition to the weakening in schools and clinics. Hence the current and encouragement of many great works of reconstruction and new. started with the recent peace that involves the largest part of the PIP (Public Investment Program) led by the Public Works Department and Office of National Reconstruction. They are partners in weight according to Chinese companies credit lines of USD 6.0 billion and with 3 billion and Brazilian, Portuguese, German, Spanish, Belgian, those of lesser stature. They concentrate on roads, bridges, dams, electricity and drinking water networks , extraction and distribution of for irrigated agriculture perimeters and farm mechanization as well as hospitals and educational establishments.
2. Hooves city: They are overcrowded, to require major rehabilitation and upgrading of projects of immense neighbourhoods. In Luanda (5 million inhabitants, almost 1 / 4 of ourpopulation)we are witnessing the construction of buildings in size (more than 100 arelicensed) and many condominiums and popular districts and several markets in place of informal, one the largest in Africa (Roque Santeiro). Luanda, Malange, Uige, Cabinda, Lobito, Benguela, Lubango, Huambo, Bie, Namibe, Sumbe cities were more structured. For better integration into the urban reality seek characterize the different sectors in
There are others three important dams in the centre and the south to be rebuilded. . 2.2 Sewerage: the situation was dramatic,but in the last two years the services haveimproved considerably and agree to the proposal of AIA for its privatization by several companies, although there is still much to do.
2.3 Urban Roads: were in poor condition, but there is a program of retraining with the intervention of Portuguese Chinese and national companies, in every city, but still a big lack o maintenance The traffic in Luanda is difficult with or chaotic day, which is increasing with the importation of 80 000 cars a year, mostly of occasion. The Provincial Government is being assisted by a German firm to review the framework The Central Government pays great attention to ways having made recent contracts with a funding of one billion dollars with Brazilian companies and the Provincial Government to rehabilitate secondary roads in very bad conditions.
2.4.4 Telecommunications: still faces the gap for a good nevel in spite of investments at the two mobile operators, one with a Chinese partnership and a private. The Internet with some servers is still slow and expensive. The cable television expands into Luanda. A fibber optic cable Is being launched along the road Luanda to Benguela 2.4.5 Safety: the improved policing, with no higher fears today. 3. Transports: The system is still a strong constraint to the economy: 3.1 Roads - is underway a ambitious plan for reconstruction of thousands of Km with Chinese Portuguese, Brazilian companies, and a few national. 3.2 Navigation: the country has no company flag. The only official can not get out of a crisis.
- Lobito: in the centre, works well, but feeling now because importers are using the same as alternative for Luanda port, since the road "Luanda-Lobito" is nearly rebuilt. With the reconstruction of Benguela Railway(CFB) it will serve Congo and also Zambia in this casewith a new ramal
3.5.3 Airports: the Luanda one has shortcomings, in terms of passengers and goods and the slow clearance of passengers. Meanwhile follows the rehabilitation In the Luanda and others 20 ones. There is a new airport project under building in Luanda and heavy works in Benguela, Lubango and Cabinda also for international alternative
4.4 Financial Services – Bank system is improving with new ones with Portuguese and Angolan capital and with the extension of new balconies and services all over the country
4.8 The stock exchange is in organization but also having difficulty accounting for failure of many companies.
Local Final Transformation Incentives for filling lines with the importation of goods in bulk and spare parts to assembly lines, giving even more benefits to import basic ones to transform or wrapping and in the country against products already packed or assembled creating new jobs, and increasing the local content Building Material – Cement, steel and ceramics needs new plants because we are importing 60% of our needs.
-Pricing Policy: established by law under the principle of maximum trading margins on the costs and overhead costs (based), being 15.0 and 20.0% for the wholesaler and retailer, respectively. Coffee and maize prices AIA claims of not being adopting a clear policy and disclosed in minimum prices for coffee and for maize, which could stimulate the producer to produce and (the coffee spoon), particularly the thousands of peasants,
SMN - National Minimum Wage: from USD 100 from farming to oil sector with 250 .
Justice: the need for urgent improvement of the judicial system and of protective and notaries with a modernization project which even could get international aid in order to remove themselves procedures and situations affecting the image, growth and development of the country
Office of National Reconstruction - reconstruction of the railways. - Telecommunications: entry of a third mobile telephone operator, with mixed capital to encourage competition and with that in a balanced manner and reduce tariffs to the consequent increase in national efficiency. - Public Works: definition of the "White Paper of Bridges and Roads" to accelerate its reconstruction until 2010 opening the participation of international groups, either engineering or finance, can discuss is the last thing based on interests by side. - Oil: restructuring of Sonangol for the outsourcing of many services for domestic companies while the first line in the interests of his paintings and with accepting challenges of competition from multinational distribution in adjusting the prices gradually so as to reduce itself allowances current extremely damaging to the economy and the interests of the most disadvantaged.
The deep-water ports of Luanda, Lobito and Namibe and the railways (2 500 km) which served as foreheads and excellent mesh of roads at various levels allow the easy flow of production and efficient provision of technical services and logistics the agriculture, agro-industry and creation of livestock and fishing industry. The Camino de Ferro de Benguela, the only international, crossing the whole territory in the center with about 1350 km and linking, and served the Democratic Republic of Congo and Zambia, while its preferred route for export of its vast mineral resources and the import of their needs through the port of Lobito, serve them beyond the diamond areas of the country, where the provinces of Lunda the northeast. The Agriculture and Fisheries, and even the construction of roads, obviously as the manufacturing industry operated 24 on 24 hours, since it gained self-sufficiency, Angola would encounter the foreign market. In terms of investment The ANIP (National Agency for Private Investment) has recently established information of macroeconomic framework and organizational and it is up to us, too anxious to encourage investment, but also the external partnerships and knowing a history of strong growth and our potential and opportunities at the moment, for power, this symbiosis, organize some sectors and segments for a definition of strategies for cooperation between entrepreneurs of our two countries. So, here select the following segments in alphabetical order, that list may still be increased to other sectors or segments, then the document is not static. However clear that the factories are technically and technologically outdated excluding beverages.
For better understanding we placed them in alphabetical order. Thus: 1. Sugar and Alcohol / Ethanol 2. Mineral water 3. Cotton 4. Aluminium 5. Beekeeping 6. Rice 7. freezers and fridges 8. Articles of Paper 9. Tiles, mosaics and glassware 10. Batteries 11. Fermented beverages 12. Mixers, and Car Dumpers hand 13. Bicycles and Motorbike 14. Biscuits 15. Rubber and Tire 16. Electronics cables and Telephones 17. Coffee beans 18. Coffee to drink19. Shoes and Leather 20. Beef
21. Carpentry and sawmills 22. Ceramics 23. Beer 24. Sheets of zinc and Lusalite 25. Cigarettes and Tobacco 26. Cement 27. Cement glue 28. Mattresses for springs 29. Fuels and Lubricants 30. Compote and Confectionery 31. Production and Textiles 32. Preserved 33. Plywood 34. Shipbuilders 35. Cutlery 36. Detergents 37. Packaging 38. Roads 39. Foams, and padding Naps 40. Wheat flour 41. Beans 42. Agricultural Tools and Hardware 43. Wire and Rope 44. Coniferous forests
45. Diapers and Dressings 46. Chickens and Eggs 47. Fruits and Industry 48. Cassava of cornmeal 49. Corn meal 50. Casting and Steel 51. Bovine 52. Gas cylinders 53. Industrial Gases 54. Graphic 55. Granite and Marble 56. Housing 57. Inert 58. Milk 59. Assembly Lines 60. Madeira 61. Industrial Maintenance 62. Building Materials 63. Materials and components for cars 64. Materials and Petroleum Services 65. Machinery and Equipment 66. Material and Equipment for School 67. Mini-hydropower plants 68. Oil Food 69. Bakery 70. Popes food
71. Paper, pulp and eucalyptus 72. Fishing 73. Fish 74. Bridges 75. Skins of Cattle and goats 76. Diets 77. Soft drinks 78. Soap and toothpaste 79. Sal Marino 80. Sausage 81. Steel 82. Sisal 83. Swine 84. Paints 85. Tubes 86. Candles 87. Wines
The possibilities are more the order because in this region and linked the region\'s barrage of Capanda, given the great possibilities of land and an irrigation project in which Odebrecht will be involved. The project involves the production of sugar and ethanol, counting course with its power and has the largest market for consumption more closely, in case the Luanda also be served by Rail of Malange. Note that the sugar production necessarily follows the production of alcohol important for the spirits industry through the distillation of molasses. As mentioned the province of Benguela seems to be one of that at this stage is also able to do so at around 100 000 (one hundred thousand) Km2 with land and water available. the average distance of 180 km from the port of Lobito and served by CFB and roads that are being fixed.
Satisfied the national sugar market, farmers could increase the area under cultivation of sugarcane for the possible production / export sugar or alcohol / ethanol.
4. ALUMINUM - The area of Malange has major deposits of bauxite and the energy of Capanda (2nd phase) can be of blast furnaces to produce them. The country was self-sufficient in household articles, produced with an emphasis in the cities of Luanda, Benguela, Lobito and Lubango. In the new customs tariff it is expected that the rates are compounded for foreign products, since this activity is generating many jobs and not capital intensive.
Today we can say is that there is nothing (except small buildings), which is why the market is very interesting.
The sheet or pre-cast are all on imports. China and India are major suppliers.
The distribution, under a monopoly (Sonangol) is deficient. The AIA has already proposed the reformulation of the policy
Today there are only a few "career" (where you put the boats) in Benguela, Namibe, Kwanza-Sul and Cabinda, but without any technical relevance. In Luanda and installed with Indian investment is a small plant in small boats in support of fiberglass and that the country today is to import the hundreds in India. Thus the country remains dependent on imports especially from China and Portugal, with imports of hundreds of millions of dollars, according to figures recorded in the Daily Republic.
The AIA proposed that the Government is continuing with the policy of expansion of Portuguese reforestation, subsidizing private. This proposal aims to transform the country into a global lung taking advantage of excellent conditions for growth of the trees (2.5 times faster than in cold climates) can get subsidies to the international community.
BRIDGES - There are thousands who disappeared or by action of war or lack of maintenance that period. This condition suggests that the AIA is done "The Bridges of the White Paper of Angola" through an international tender for then they open competitions for its reconstruction / construction in the next 3 to 5 years with financial engineering alone or regional based on partial concessions Operating with the benefit of the contractor and also to ensure the occupation of territory, he very little of concern, leading to serious structural problems and even of sovereignty. It has been much media the possible construction of a bridge, perhaps the longest in Africa, to connect the two banks of the River Congo (or Zaire), Angolan and Congolese, which would allow for the road link with the Province of Cabinda, via Congolese territory, as the links today are possible only by sea or air
The industrial mills, suppliers of carpentry, were located in Cabinda, Benguela, Moxico and Luanda with the use of tropical timber. Today we are in Cabinda, Luanda and Caxito, but with supply far short of needs, assisting It is also paradoxically the import of sawn wood and works of carpentry despite ta surcharges (30.0%) There imperiosidade of new investments.
There are three projects being implemented: the first increase in the capacity of New Cimangola of Luanda (4 oven) and two new factories in Lobito (Benguela), a partnership with American and other investment Portuguese. CEMENT - COLA - Three factories in Luanda, but there is strong imports, with emphasis on Brazil and Portugal. EMBROIDERY - There is only one production line for a spring mattress in Benguela, with the market mostly provided by imports.
They are no surprise to see that this segment is one of the biggest programs meet the needs of reconstruction that the government has launched throughout the country, not only in infrastructure but also in structures of health and education, as well as the need for heavy large housings. As slots to be filled in alphabetical order are: - Asphalt - Zinc plates - Cement - Roofing - Bricks - Tubes - Wood - Electrical equipment - Mosaic and tiles
In the ceramic industry she was slight and deployment of firewood and was located in most towns, allowing for development of then leader in Africa, which still can be seen in spite of many years of war and stress that the Government wishes to see resumed. Angola needs about 100 small municipal ceramics for 20 to tile and brick, according to AIA\'s vision for the development of housing construction and overcome the shortcomings in hospital facilities and education.
The extraction of inert subject to licensing by the Ministry of Geology and Mines and of building materials to the Ministry of Industry, cement when the policy is the responsibility of the Ministry of Public Works.
COTTON - The country had raw cotton in its 3rd product of agricultural export after coffee and sisal production in the regions of Bengo and Malange (centre-north) of Kwanza-Sul (Center) and the provinces of Benguela and Huila ( Central-south).
It is an ongoing agro-industrial project of great size in the province of Kwanza-Sul with South Korean capital. Farmers in Kwanza-Sul. Bengo and Malange and agricultural entrepreneurs in Benguela and Huila have a considerable know-how in production, requiring funding for the retrofitting of tractors on treadmills (for deforestation) and light and for agricultural crops.
The distribution and marketing of so-called "fruit wines" were made in glass bottles so-called "five star" of 1.5 liters produced in Luanda.
FOOTWEAR AND TANNERY - The footwear industry has never had great development face the charges restrictions on Portuguese politics, which in Angola was one of its major market.
The 5th factory, the Ngolo, is in Lubango (Huila) area of good water with South African capital of the SAT, the 3rd largest brewer in the world. with a synchronized with the management of Coca Cola factory next door.
The capsules and the labels that were once local production is now imported. Begins to look is a need for a plant in cans.
TEXTILES AND CONFECTIONS - one of the most dynamic sectors of industrial processing factories with about 100 recipes for the most parades across the country can be assumed that only mattered fabrics and garments of high quality.
Cutlery - There is a small factory in Luanda, is quite matter-of Brazil, India, Portugal, Spain.
Two or three other industrial projects being implemented in the province of Kwanza-Sul, Benguela and Huambo, but the country needs to develop its production with more factories Given the great needs of the country despite peace is still a large importer and therefore the government is encouraging the production of maize and its
There are some projects of industrialization in the study face major national needs and international market for its wide application in food industry and animal feed.
Given the size of the market with annual requirement for thousands of field partnerships.
The country also needs to see the response capability of producing margarine, whose factory in Benguela was destroyed by a fire during the war.
Bakery- The industry is now largely in the hands of foreign operators who took the mercy of engineering related to wheat flour for themselves dominated by installing the units in the areas of greatest confluence of people and informal markets.
CANDLES - The production is scarce and so the country today is a big importer of the East. 87. WINES - It is one of the most imported item in several ways and forms, especially for red wine, either in bulk or in lees for deployment and filling in place of tetrapack or bottled table.
In addition to the assembly with clusters of various technical backgrounds, such as engines (Italian) buckets (Portugal) tires (Germany), it was the painting and after-sales technical assistance.
Farming tools and hardware - the production concentrated in Benguela (LUPRAL) and Luanda (Lupral and frames), but today the three existing factories no longer produce them.
The appetite for this segment attracts the local capital, which would find a partner for the assembly of car utilitarian rustic, type truck or jeep to 3500 kg.
0% of the area was served by CFB "Camino de Ferro de Benguela", with a lot of cargo, such as the village of Caimbambo and cities of Cubal (major offices of CFB) and Ganda, those with about 25 000 inhabitants.
The main importers of robust coffee in Angola are the USA and the Netherlands, could regain up those markets. In the period was the socialist eastern Germany.
PACKAGES - A row of packaging offers several opportunities in three industrial parks for further growth in these segments, in alphabetical order.
- Big-bag and paper bags for cement - Cardboard boxes for fish and dried fruit (from two units operating in a low-level Benguela and Luanda is the parade). - Cardboard Boxes for light industry (The graphics have little capacity) - Glass bottles (There is only a factory in Luanda that produces only for the brewers) - Gas cylinders (no local production) - Bottles and containers of plastic (usually the manufacturers of beverages or liquid detergents have own production) - Plastic bottle cases, vegetables and fish (There is a factory in Luanda, but the brewers and Cuca N\'gola and Coca Cola have own production) - Cans for beer, soft drinks and juices (100.0% of imports) - Tetrapack for milk, wine and juices (100.0% of imports)
- Kraft paper for cardboard boxes and bags of cement (100.0% of imports) - Sacaria cotton (100.0% of imports) - Sacaria of kraft paper for cement (100.0% of imports) - Sacaria of raffia for salt (100.0% of imports) - Sacaria and plastic sleeves (quite production, but with little quality and no lithography capable)- Drums for oil (a factory in Luanda with good capacity linked to Sonangol), although it is almost impossible to buy themselves a new drum.WHEAT FLOUR - Luanda with two units, an Angolan and other capitals with the Americans, well equipped, as well as in Lobito and Lubango and the other by an order in Bié closed its operations under the competition of groups and the Lebanese lack of incentives, since ta for the import of flour is equal to the wheat grains (2.0%)
The country meets conditions to produce wheat in the provinces of Huila and Bié. Right up to these cities in the interior have also their milling. The import volume is great and is in the hands of Lebanese groups, keeping the 5 milling totally stops.Beans - The country self-sufficient that it was the war has become a big importer particularly in Argentina and the United States (Chicks) that he had been exporting the port of Lobito and therefore production of the central plateau. The government is encouraging its production to be strong component of national power and to have good production conditions, even in cases of rotation of land with corn. The species are the most produced Catarino, red, butter and makunde. There is the introduction of soy beans in Huambo with some success.Chickens and Eggs - that Angola was self-sufficient, today it 95.0% of its needs against the collapse of the production of feed. Large consumption could be basis for its revival in Angola to develop with the increased production of corn already in progress - large capacity - with cakes of cooking oil industry (it starts) and the meal of fish (sardine in Angola has abundance). The current production, purely symbolic, is supported by feed coming from Namibia.
Imports of poultry and eggs are made in Brazil, Portugal, France, United States, India and South AfricaFRUTICULTURA AND INDUSTRY - Its development then had strong deployment in the provinces of Huila, Huambo, Uige, Benguela, Kwanza-Sul, Bengo and Kwanza-Norte, so widespread. The last four in the production of bananas for export and it is expected to enter the United Fruit in the Valley Cavaco in Benguela. The orange and passion fruit in Huambo, Huila, Benguela and Uige, with the consequent production of juices and soft drinks. All these factories failed and fruit trees is very poor, with the exception of a major citrus Box of the Central Armed Forces in Huila. In Luanda saw the recent launch of a new plant juice "juice MIMO," proceeds of which Angola is a large importer of Portugal, South Africa, Spain. Lebanon and Brazil. The pineapple in Benguela, Kwanza-Sul, Uige and Kwanza-Norte.
Huambo, Bie and Huila with temperate climates of fruit (apple, pear and strawberries) and then with the production of jam. The Mediterranean in the province of Namibe in the south, especially in the case of table grapes (and olives). At the branch joined the large production of fermented beverages in orange and pineapple and spirits and liqueurs. Exports centered on the banana for Portugal and canned and concentrated orange and pineapple for Spain. 48. Cassava of cornmeal - the country, such as corn, has a strong tradition and good weather conditions for the expansion of production (changing the methods), as has already been exporting from the region in the eastern provinces of Moxico and Bié and in the form of crueire , Cassava is drought and bark (served by CFB) CATTLE - About two years has enabled the import of cattle and in Brazil (flesh Read).Dairy products - Milk production is still very scarce and only a factory in Luanda, is a breakdown of powdered milk to liquid milk in tetrapack and that also produces yogurt The market is dominated by the offer of Portugal, Spain and France.
Pulp and paper and eucalyptus - Plantations of the CCPA - Pulp and Paper Company of Angola "and" CFB - Camino de Ferro de Benguela ", before private, state today, extend across hundreds of kilometers being constituted as one of the largest of eucalyptus forests of Africa. The first transformed him mostly in pulp, which exported through the port of Lobito, via CFB. The pulp, bleached, was of high quality and long-grain plus a small percentage of long grain of pine wood and sisal. The factory has now also available in the areas of forests CFB, with development along the route by about 300 km from the Cubal to Bié and for firewood as fuel. Today the machines are the fuel and therefore do not need wood of eucalyptus. The factory was almost completely destroyed by a fire and activity can be of distinct phases starting with the exploitation of wood in the rough road CFB / port of Lobito, semi-industrial processing in parquet and shavings, more expensive packaging until they reach the production of pulp. The region is still very strong in the sisal fiber, long and white, and that can also be incorporated in the production of pulp (see Sisal). The production of kraft paper and photocopying was for the domestic market, with production lines for cement bags and exercise books.
FUR OF CATTLE AND GOATS The provinces of Namibe, Benguela, Huila and Cunene in the south, and in ascending order of importance are the provinces with the highest density Japan has been importing the skins of cattle in southern Angola, which has an existence of about 3.0 million head of cattle and goats. The tradition can be restored easily in the marketing of fur with the necessary technical assistance and health with the supply of salt and preservatives and may extend to the subsequent industrialization (leather), a process that also disappeared with only a few niche craft and industrial buildings to recover . The export of hides it was basically the port of Namibe and also by the Lobito.Sisal - The municipalities of Caimbambo, Cubal, Ganda and Biopio in Benguela province have millions of hectares of sisal for the production of sisal yarn, which is exported to Portugal, Spain, Canada, United States, etc.., In bales of approximately of 90 kg. The region was the 4th producing world. The transformation was made by 60 factories moved to hydroelectric power generated by sources themselves, which expresses the energy potential of a territory of approximately 100 000 (one hundred thousand) Klm2.
The field of activity was carried out by these farms with good industrial plants employing tens of thousands of cutters and is developing a system of 24 over 24 hours. 0% of the area was served by CFB "Camino de Ferro de Benguela", with a lot of cargo, such as the village of Caimbambo and cities of Cubal (major offices of CFB) and Ganda, those with about 25 000 inhabitants . The transformation into yarn, ropes, cables and sacaria was in the city of Benguela, with two plants yet to rehabilitate and in some farms in the region of Cubal. The wire in coils of 2 kg were exported to the United States and Canada for the closure of bags of wheat and maize, since it is needed, because it has an advantage on the biodegradable plastic, which is not. This comprehensive business and money grinder of the fiber required new investment in tractors and trailers and tractors rehabilitation of large shredders, some of which were produced by the metal-mechanics of Benguela, which until the export to Brazil and Tanzania.The sisal constituted itself as a major ranks as the development of the country contributing to strong growth, which has expanded also in the balance of payments.
Swine - He had great size, but the lack of rations for lack of maize has led the industry to standstill as their own poultry, even with these small production of chickens and eggs.CHEMISTRY & MECANIC METALS BATTERIES AND BATTERIES - The two factories located in Luanda and Benguela are disabled and obsolete. The recovery of scrap batteries given the rapid growth of vehicle fleet could be a principle of organization by exporting their components, and later after re in the local production. The country given the lack of electricity is an important part in consumer use of dry batteries.Coffee and Beans - in addition to the traditional markets, coffee is gaining a range of traditional tea market in our country, where you can find in the Angolan ecological coffee - arabica and robusta - an excellent opportunity not only for the export of grain, but also the grain milled or freeze-dried or roasted.
Angola was the 4th world producer covering always the low bid of Brazil, when he hit by frost with extensive and well-organized farms located in the provinces of Uige, Kwanza-Norte, Kwanza-Sul, Bengo, Zaire and Cabinda, the robust species . The main importers of robust coffee in Angola are the USA and the Netherlands, could regain up those markets. In the period was the socialist eastern Germany. There is also strong potential for the production of arabica coffee in the central region. We believe that there are good chances of revival of coffee, especially by the family sector, with excellent experience in other African countries and supported by industry (not to work the farms), now that the prices are being resuscitated. Most state farms were privatized, but in general are without work. Foams, and padding Naps - While there is some production of foam (several plants) and napas (one in Luanda) the upholstery are no longer produced, both for securities such as for cars. There is a need to increase the supply and quality in quntidade.ROPES AND CABLE - The cable of sisal and nylon are still having some production in Benguela, but with equipment already obsolete. There is a good building
The sisal was supplied by factories in the area of Bengu8ela, dominated by its production in dozens of factories, which exported to Portugal and Spain. The sisal yarn was exported to the U.S. and Canada to close bags of large harvests of grain. The production of nylon yarn by the same company is very rudimentaryGAS CYLINDERS - will not produce and the needs are very large there are two bottlers (Sonangol and Saiga). This is not sufficient. There are two lines of repair. Industrial Gases - The production focuses on oxygen and acetylene in four factories (two in Luanda, Benguela and one in an in Lubango), which has a monopoly that has linked the production of electrodes. INDUSTRIAL MAINTENANCE - These third-party services to the industry are very debilitated by lack of specialists and most modern machine tools, and even for materials and parts, which creates serious shortages of effectiveness in most companies, because only the great have resources to be self-sufficient in terms of manpower, machinery and stocks with consistent and costly detention of capital.
FISHFISH - is not practiced in the country, except episodic experiences, why they remain good possibilities for its activity within the country given the great distances from the coast and there is tradition of fishing on rivers and lakes and also in Chan (seasonal ponds) of savannah east, also very favorable for the production of rice.Sea salt - There are salt of reasonable size and with possibilities for expansion in central-south coast (Benguela and Namibe), and a little in Kwanza Sul, and problems of mechanization and iodização, which is required by law within the policy of anti-goiter.