Leaders need a global mindset
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Leaders Need A Global Mindset. Prof. Dr. Andrea Schenker-Wicki University of Zurich Dean Executive MBA Corporate University Forum, Zurich February 9, 2012. Agenda. Why leaders need … What is … How to develop …. ?. a global mindset. Business is going global.

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Leaders Need A Global Mindset

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Leaders need a global mindset

Leaders Need A Global Mindset

Prof. Dr. Andrea Schenker-Wicki

University ofZurich

Dean Executive MBA

Corporate University Forum, Zurich

February 9, 2012


Agenda

Agenda

  • Whyleadersneed …

  • Whatis …

  • Howtodevelop …

?

a

global

mindset


Business is going global

Business isgoing global

  • Political bordersbecomeless relevant

  • Economicinterdependeciesareheightened

  • Cultural differencesare a centralissue

Google

11.8 Mio. results on globalization

China

480 of Fortune 500 companiesareoperating in China


Acceleration of business cycles

Accelerationofbusinesscycles

  • Cumulationofrisk and uncertainty

T = Oscillationperiod

y (t)

Y = Amplitude

T = Time


Leadership across cultural borders

Leadershipacrossculturalborders

  • Considerculturaldifferences in organizations

  • Also SME‘saremore and moreoperatingglobally

  • Leadersneedtohaveculturalresilience

Workforce Mobility Ass.

Culture playsimportant

role in business

Swiss SME‘s

Export shareof 53.6%

in 2009


Global mindset

Global mindset

  • „Set ofdeeplyheldinternal mental images and assumptions, which individuals developthrough a continuousprocessoflearningexperience“ (Herbert Paul)

  • „Abilitytoavoid the simplicityofassuming all culturesare the same, and at the same time, not beingparalyzedby the complexityofitsdifferences “ (Herbert Paul)

Hasno global mindset…

(Homer Simpson)


Cultural differences hierarchy power distance

small

large

Cultural Differences – Hierarchy (Power Distance)


Cultural differences group focus collectivism

collectivist

individualist

Cultural Differences – Group focus (Collectivism)


Cultural differences gender masculinity femininity

feminine

masculine

Cultural Differences – Gender (masculinity/femininity)


Cultural differences uncertainty avoidance

unc.tolerant

unc.avoiding

Cultural Differences – UncertaintyAvoidance


The best leaders

The bestleaders…?

  • …arefriendswiththeirsubordinates but makedecisions on theirown

  • …competewiththeirowndirectreports and makesuretheyarebetterthanothers

  • …speakhonestly, but takesintoaccountothers‘ status

  • …useindirectlanguage and metaphorsrahterthangetstraightto the point

  • …avoidtakingrisks

PDI Power Distance

IDV Individualism/Group Focus

MAS Masculinity/Femininity

UAIUncertaintyAvoidance

Source: http://geert-hofstede.com


Change of leadership orientations

Change ofleadershiporientations

  • Shifttowardsmoregrouporientedleadership

  • Focus on hard and soft issues

  • Leadershipisaboutinfluence

Source: Tichy 1992


Conditions for a global mindset

Conditionsfor a global mindset

Social Capital

Intellectual

Capital

Psychological

Capital

Becomfortablewithbeinguncomfortable in uncomfortableenviromnents


How to develop a global mindset

Howtodevelop a global mindset

Curiosityabouthow

the worldworks

Integration ofnewknowledge and the developmentof a newmindset

Development of a Global Mindset

Exposuretodiversity and novelty

Articulationof

currentmindset

Source: Gupta/Govindarajan/Wang 2008

Time


Executive mba university of zurich

Executive MBA University ofZurich

  • „Ourmanagersneedtobemoreeffectivewhenoperating in different businesscultures“ (EMBA UZH survey)

  • Coursemodules in Zurich

  • Culture and itsConsequences

  • Doing Business in…

  • India, China, Japan, U.S., LatinAmerica, Eastern Europe, Russia, Middle East, Africa…

  • Study Trips

  • USA

  • China (Shanghai)

  • India (Hyderabad)

  • Africa (tbd)

Business Schools

Aalto University, Cambridge University, Fudan University, Indian School of Business,

INSEAD, Stanford University, Wageningen University, Yale School of Management,

University of Zagreb


Leaders need a global mindset1

Leadersneed a global mindset

  • Sense ofmarket AND culturalfeasibility

  • Business Schools canhelpexecutivestodevelop a global mindset

  • Thankyou!

  • Prof. Dr. Andrea Schenker-Wicki

  • University ofZurich

  • Dean Executive MBA

  • [email protected]

  • www.emba.uzh.ch


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