Imperialism in asia
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Imperialism in Asia . India . Crown jewel of Empire of Great Britain Link to East Asian Trade – China British East India Company Combination of direct and indirect rule COTTON, tea, opium, rice, oil, jute, indigo RR, telegraph, electricity

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Imperialism in Asia

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Imperialism in asia

Imperialism in Asia


India

India

  • Crown jewel of Empire of Great Britain

  • Link to East Asian Trade – China

  • British East India Company

    • Combination of direct and indirect rule

    • COTTON, tea, opium, rice, oil, jute, indigo

    • RR, telegraph, electricity

  • Made GB focus on Egypt, Afghanistan (the Great Game), Burma, Malaya

    • Buffer around India from France and Russia


Imperialism in asia

  • Sepoy Mutiny

  • Indian soldiers (Hindu and Muslim) rebelled against British govt

    • Began over rifle cartridges being greased with pig or cow fat

    • Long term cause – resentment of British influence

  • Violently repressed

  • Effects:

    • India became royal colony under direct rule of British govt


Imperialism in asia

  • Persia

  • Region of competition between GB and Russia

    • Russia pressing for warm water access

    • GB wanted to insulate India

  • Divided into spheres of influence

    • N. Persia – Russia

    • S. Persia – GB


East asia

East Asia

  • France

    • Indochina

      • Various natural resources

  • Netherlands

    • Dutch East Indies (Co.)

      • Oil, rubber, tin

  • Great Britain

    • Australia

    • Britain wanted to control access points to Australia

      • New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji Islands


China

China

  • 1842 – Treaty of Nanking – ended the First Opium War between GB and China (Ching Dynasty)

    • GB – right to trade at 5 Chinese ports

    • GB citizens did not have to obey Chinese law

    • GB continue opium trade

  • Beginning of China being divided into spheres of influence (foreign nations having special trade privileges in certain regions)


Imperialism in asia

  • Taiping Rebellion (1850-1860)

  • Chinese rebellion against foreign influence and Chinese govt.

  • Mostly peasants

  • Put down by combination of GB and Chinese armies


Imperialism in asia

  • Spheres of Influence

  • China divided into various spheres of influence by differing European powers and Japan

  • Special trade concessions in each zone


1900 boxer rebellion

1900 – Boxer Rebellion

  • China divided into spheres of influence – foreign nations dominated trade and major cities in China

    • Chinese resented foreign influence over economy and govt.

    • Believed that Ching dynasty lost mandate of heaven

  • Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists – “the Boxers” – secret society – rebelled against Ching govt. and foreign nations


Imperialism in asia

  • Boxers targeted factories, churches, RR, telegraph stations in and around the city of Peking

  • Multinational foreign army defeated the Boxers and secured trade rights in China

    • Increased nationalism in China


China cont

China (cont.)

  • Other areas of contention:

  • Manchuria – province in Northern China

    • Russia – wanted influence because of raw materials and city of Vladivostok

    • Japan – wanted influence because of raw materials

  • Liaotung peninsula (Port Arthur)

    • Rivalry between Russia, Japan


Imperialism in asia

  • Examine the maps on African and Asian imperialism and use your notes to determine the European rivalries of the late 19th century.


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