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EL IMPERFECTO. What’s the story?. “Used to”. Expresses the idea that something happened repeatedly in the past. For describing in the past…. people – Mi abuela era simpatica. places – Su casa tenía un jardin. situations – Había muchos arboles.

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El imperfecto

EL IMPERFECTO

What’s the story?


Used to
“Used to”

  • Expresses the idea that something happened repeatedly in the past.


For describing in the past
For describing in the past…

  • people – Mi abuela era simpatica.

  • places – Su casa tenía un jardin.

  • situations – Había muchos arboles.

  • mental/emotional states – Estaba contenta allí.

  • location – Mis primos estaban allí tambien.


To express was were ing
To express was/were - ing

  • Yo caminaba cuando me caí.

  • You can also do this by saying “estaba –ando/-iendo”.


To tell the in the past
To tell the… in the past

  • date – Era el cuatro de julio de 1776.

  • time – Eran las ocho.

  • weather – Hacía mucho calor ayer.

  • age – Tenía diez años en dos mil.


2 events occur simultaneously
2 events occur simultaneously

  • you will often use the word “mientras” with this

    • La profesora dormía mientras los estudiantes escribían notas.


Setting up a scene
Setting up a scene

  • Give background details of an event.

  • This tells what was happening when something else occurred.


To be continued

TO BE CONTINUED…

What about the preterit?


Completed action in the past
Completed action in the past

  • Something is done and over with.

    • Comí la manzana.

    • La prueba fue fácil.

    • Estuve en la biblioteca por tres horas.


Giving a sequence of events

después

próximo

luego

y

entonces

de repente

más tarde

primero

segundo

finalmente

por fin

Giving a sequence of events

Just to name a few.


Interruption
Interruption

  • An action that interrupts another one that was already going on

    • the going on action is in imperfect

    • the interruption is in the preterit

  • Caminaba cuando me caí.


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