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Constellations we see all year round are called;. Circumpolar constellations Example of a circumpolar constellation is Little Dipper or Big Dipper. The star that is (almost) locate over our North Pole is . POLARIS The constellation that includes POLARIS is the Little Dipper (Ursa Minor).

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Constellations we see all year round are called l.jpg
Constellations we see all year round are called;

  • Circumpolar constellations

    Example of a circumpolar constellation is

  • Little Dipper or Big Dipper


The star that is almost locate over our north pole is l.jpg
The star that is (almost) locate over our North Pole is

  • POLARIS

    The constellation that includes POLARIS is the

  • Little Dipper (Ursa Minor)


What cultures are most noted for our stories of how the constellations came to be l.jpg
What cultures are most noted for our stories of how the constellations came to be?

  • Ancient Greeks and Romans


What do astronomers use to measure distance to the stars l.jpg
What do astronomers use to measure distance to the stars? constellations came to be?

  • Parallax

    What do we call the amount of light a star ACTUALLY GIVES OFF?

  • ABSOLUTE MAGNITUDE


This is the measure of light received from a star here on earth l.jpg
This is the measure of light received from a star here on Earth.

  • APPARENT MAGNITUDE

    This is the distance light travels in one year

    Light year


How fast can light travel l.jpg
How fast can light travel? Earth.

  • A. 25,000 km per hr.

  • B. 100,000 mi per hr

  • C. 300,000 km per hr

  • D. 300,000 km per sec

  • D


Which of these is true light can travel l.jpg
Which of these is true? Light can travel… Earth.

  • A. 9.5 x 10 12 km per sec

  • B. 9.5 x 10 12 km per year

  • C. 300,000 km per year

  • D. 3 x 107 km per year

  • B


In a star what does color tell us l.jpg
In a star, what does color tell us? Earth.

  • The temperature of the star

    Color blue or white means

  • HOT

    Color red or orange means

  • COOL


What do we use to identify what elements make up a star l.jpg
What do we use to identify what elements make up a star? Earth.

  • Spectroscope to see the star’s Spectrum

    What part of the stars spectrum are we able to see?

  • Visible light-color


About the sun l.jpg
About the Sun; Earth.

Hottest and inner most layer, where the energy is produced, is the

  • CORE

    Layer of Sun’s atmosphere that gives off light is

  • PHOTOSPHERE

    Areas on the surface of the sun that are COOLER than the areas around them:

  • SUNSPOTS


Tell me about the sun l.jpg

Age Earth.

Temperature

Made of

Size

Middle aged

Medium

Hydrogen fusing to helium

Medium sized

Tell me about the Sun


Tell me more about the sun l.jpg

How long for light to travel from Sun to Earth? Earth.

Next closest star (in distance)

List 2 examples of how energy from the Sun arrives here at Earth

1. 8 minutes

2. 4.2 light years (Proxima Centauri) it is 270,000 times farther from Earth than the Sun

3. visible light, infrared and ultraviolet radiation,

Tell me MORE about the Sun:


Slide13 l.jpg

The following picture was taken from Earth.From Core to Corona. Image credit:p.110,125,Kaler. 3/16/05. <http://fusedweb.pppl.gov/CPEP/Chart_pages/5.Plasmas/Sunlayers.html>











Slide23 l.jpg

SOLAR FLARE Earth.

Identify the letter that is starred:


Vocabulary l.jpg

Constellations seen all year round Earth.

The obvious shift in an objects position when viewed from 2 different angles.

Distance light travels in a year

Circumpolar constellations

Parallax

Light year

VOCABULARY


Slide25 l.jpg

4. Fictional stories of how constellations came to be. Earth.

5. Measure of the amount of light a star really gives off.

This is used to indicate what elements a star is made of

4. Mythology

5. Absolute magnitude

6. spectrum


Slide26 l.jpg

7. Used to graph stars using temperature and absolute magnitude.

Large cloud of gas and dust that BEGINS a new star.

Measure of the amount of star’s light as seen from Earth.

H-R diagram

8. Nebula

9. Apparent magnitude


Slide27 l.jpg

The Earth spinning on it’s axis magnitude.

The Earth moving in an ellipse around the sun.

Areas cooler than those around them on the Sun.

Huge stars that are very cool.

The end of a star’s life

Rotation

Revolution

Sunspot

Super giant

White dwarf


Slide28 l.jpg

A place in the galaxy with a gravitational pull so strong even light cannot escape!

A large collection of stars, gas and dust held by gravity.

Light shifts as it moves towards or away from an object, what is that shift called?

15. Black hole

16. Galaxy

17. Doppler Effect


According the doppler effect l.jpg

An object moving towards us will shift to the ___ end of the spectrum

An object moving away from us will shift to the __ end of the spectrum

Blue-violet

Red

According the Doppler Effect..


Slide30 l.jpg

18. All celestial bodies, and all of space, the cosmos and all things that exist.

19. A pattern of stars.

20.Earth’s galaxy is the…

18. Universe

19. Constellation

20. Milky Way


Slide31 l.jpg

What are the 3 types of galaxies? all things that exist.

22.Which type of galaxy is the Milky Way?

23.Where is our solar system found in the Milky Way?

21. Elliptical, spiral and irregular

Spiral

outer edge of a spiral arm


Using the terms below put them in the correct order for a star from birth to death l.jpg

Dwarf all things that exist.

Main sequence

Nebulae

Giant

C B D A

Using the terms below, put them in the correct order for a star from birth to death.


Put these in order from smallest to largest l.jpg

Universe all things that exist.

Star

Galaxy cluster

Galaxy

B D C A

Put these in order from smallest to largest.


Slide34 l.jpg

What is measured on the Y-axis? all things that exist.

Luminosity or

Absolute magnitude


Slide35 l.jpg

What is measured on the X-axis? all things that exist.

Surface temperature

Or

Spectral class




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