Chapter 18 social change and modernization
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 11

CHAPTER 18 Social Change And Modernization PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 150 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

CHAPTER 18 Social Change And Modernization. Section 1: Explaining Social Change Section 2: Modernization. Section 1: Explaining Social Change. Objectives:. Summarize the theories that social scientists have offered to explain the process of social change.

Download Presentation

CHAPTER 18 Social Change And Modernization

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Chapter 18 social change and modernization

CHAPTER 18Social Change And Modernization

Section 1: Explaining Social Change

Section 2: Modernization


Objectives

Section 1: Explaining Social Change

Objectives:

  • Summarize the theories that social scientists have offered to explain the process of social change.

  • Explain how the theories on social change have evolved.


Theories of social change

Section 1: Explaining Social Change

Theories of Social Change

  • Cyclical

    • Spengler – four stages: childhood, youth, adulthood, old age

    • Sorokin – fluctuation between ideational culture (spiritual) and sensate culture (scientific) with idealistic culture in the middle


Theories of social change1

Section 1: Explaining Social Change

Theories Of Social Change

(continued)

  • Evolutionary

    • early – the progress through distinct stages toward complexity

    • modern – tendency to go along many paths toward increasing complexity


Theories of social change2

Section 1: Explaining Social Change

Theories Of Social Change

(continued)

  • Equilibrium

    • Parsons – occurs as society adapts to maintain stability after a change in one area; involves differentiation and integration


Theories of social change3

Section 1: Explaining Social Change

Theories Of Social Change

(continued)

  • Conflict

    • Marx – results from class conflict and revolution

    • Dahrendorf – results from social conflicts of all forms


How theories of social change evolved

Section 1: Explaining Social Change

How Theories of Social Change Evolved

  • Older theories focused more on describing social change and suggested that all societies follow similar patterns of development

  • Modern theories provide for different patterns of development and focus more on why societies change


Objectives1

Section 2: Modernization

Objectives:

  • Contrast the views of modernization theory and world-system theory on modernization in less-developed nations.

  • Identify some of the positive and negative effects of modernization on social life and the natural environment.


Modernization theory versus the world system theory

Section 2: Modernization

Modernization Theory Versus the World-System Theory

  • Modernization theory – argues that less-developed countries will eventually modernize

  • World-systemstheory– argues that the concentration of wealth and power in core nations slows modernization in less-developed countries


Positive effects of modernization

Section 2: Modernization

Positive Effects of Modernization

  • Improved standard of living

  • Longer life expectancies

  • Lower birthrates

  • Higher rates of literacy

  • Decrease in economic and social inequality

  • More personal comforts

  • Improved infrastructure

  • Electricity and communication technology

  • Establishment of educational institutions


Negative effects of modernization

Section 2: Modernization

Negative Effects of Modernization

  • Loss of some traditional authority for the family and religion

  • Weaker social relationships and increased feelings of social isolation

  • Moral and ethical questions

  • Some environmental problems

  • Some health problems


  • Login