Race ethnicity and the social structure
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Race, Ethnicity, and the Social Structure. Chapter 12. Race. Physical characteristics and whom others see as being a distinct group H ow people react to these physical characteristics and how these reactions affect individuals in society. . Remember the Titans. Ethnicity.

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Race

  • Physical characteristics and whom others see as being a distinct group

    • How people react to these physical characteristics and how these reactions affect individuals in society.



Ethnicity
Ethnicity

  • people who share a common cultural background and a common sense of identity

    • Cultural characteristics: national origin, religion, language, customs and values



Minority groups
Minority Groups

  • no specific skin color, physical feature, or ethnic background is superior or inferior by nature

    • Many sociologists recognize that those who hold power in society may place an arbitrary value on specific characteristics



I discrimination and prejudice
I. Discrimination and Prejudice

  • Discrimination is denial of equal treatment based on group membership

    • Legal discrimination is upheld by law.

    • Institutionalized discrimination is part of the social structure

  • Prejudice is an unsupported generalization about a category of people


  • Stereotypes are oversimplified, exaggerated, unfavorable generalizations

  • Racismis a belief that one’s own race or ethnic group is superior to others.


Ii sources of discrimination and prejudice
II. Sources of Discrimination and Prejudice

  • Sociological Explanations

    • Prejudice may be embedded in the social norms of a society or group

    • People become prejudiced by internalizing these norms.


C. Economic Explanations

  • Competition for scarce resources

  • Dominant group encourages competition among minority groups to protect position.


Iii patterns of minority group treatment
III. Patterns of Minority Group Treatment

  • Cultural pluralism allows groups to keep unique cultural identities.

    • Switzerland

  • Assimilation blends groups into a single group with a common culture and identity.

    • Melting Pot

  • Segregation involves physical separation of minority group from dominant group

    • De jure segregation based on laws

    • De facto segregation based on informal norms


  • Internal Colonialism /Subjugation is maintaining control over group through force, including slavery

    • Apartheid

  • Population transfer of the minority population to new territory

    • Indirect and direct transfer

      • Czarist Russia

      • Relocation of Native Americans

  • Extermination is the most extreme response to the existence of minority groups.

    • Genocide is the attempt to destroy the entire targeted population

      • A Boy in Striped Pajamas

    • Ethnic cleansing is removing a group through terror, expulsion, and mass murder


Iv race and ethnic relations in the us
IV. Race and Ethnic Relations in the US

  • Split up into 5 groups

    • European Americans

    • Latinos (Hispanics)

    • African Americans

    • Asian Americans

    • Native Americans


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