the making of the esdp strategic context and actors
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The making of the ESDP: strategic context and actors. The European defense integration in the cold war. European security community plans- the Dunkirk Treaty 1947/ Brussels Treaty 1948 The Atlantic Alliance 1949

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the european defense integration in the cold war
The European defense integration in the cold war
  • European security community plans- the Dunkirk Treaty 1947/ Brussels Treaty 1948
  • The Atlantic Alliance 1949
  • The two pillars structure- the European divisions (Atlanticist and Europeanists, US hegemony or pooling of sovereignty) and American ambivalence (burden sharing and hegemony)
  • The transatlantic debate
nato s post cold war revival
NATO’s post cold war revival

J. Howorth (2000)

  • Availability of military force when combat forces were needed
  • The alternative plans- CSCE/ OSCE and WEU
  • The reality of war
  • The French rapprochement with NATO
  • The role of the CEECs
cfsp the alternative european security narrative
CFSP- the alternative European security narrative
  • 1991-1994 the French blueprint based on WEU: the assessment of the new strategic environment; the role of NATO; the place of the CEECs
  • Mitterrand and Kohl letter to the Irish Presidency (1990)
  • The Key Largo Summit (1990)
  • The NATO London Summit
  • The Gulf war
  • The launch of Eurocorps in 1991
  • The WEU role in the Yugoslav crisis
  • Bilateral initiatives
the us position
The US position
  • The position of the Congress and the executive branch of government
  • The ‘yes…, but’ (Sloan) position
  • Any attempt to replace, displace or subvert NATO will be resisted
  • European capabilities within the Atlantic framework will be welcomed
  • Resurgence of the burden-sharing debate
from esdi to cesdp the second half of the 1990s
From ESDI to CESDP- the second half of the 1990s
  • ESDI- technical- military arrangements and the political message: the NAC in Brussels 1994 and the NAC in Berlin 1996
  • The US swings between isolationism and burden-sharing
  • Transatlantic tensions: placement of military HQs; Albania and Kosovo; the CEECs
  • Intra-European tensions- the 1996 IGC and Amsterdam
  • July 1998 the Portschach Summit
  • December 1998 St. Malo
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