Latin and greek roots and affixes
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 26

Latin and Greek roots and affixes PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 55 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Latin and Greek roots and affixes. (1) arch- means chief; first. Examples Archetype = original Archbishop = chief bishop Archeology = study of first people or ancient times. (2) be- means over; thoroughly. Examples Bedaub = smear all over Befuddle = to confuse totally

Download Presentation

Latin and Greek roots and affixes

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Latin and Greek roots and affixes


(1) arch- means chief; first

Examples

Archetype = original

Archbishop = chief bishop

Archeology = study of first people or ancient times


(2) be- means over; thoroughly

Examples

Bedaub = smear all over

Befuddle = to confuse totally

Beguile = totally charm or even deceive


(3) Bi means two

Examples

Bicycle = two-wheeled fun

Biennial = every two years

Bicameral = two groups/houses (like in Congress)


(4) cata- means down

Examples

Catastrophe = disaster

Cataract = waterfall

Catapult = to hurl (throw down)


(5) circum- means around

Examples

Circumnavigate = travel all the way around the world

Circumspect = cautious (looking around)

Circumscribe = to limit (place a circle around)


(6) com-/con- means with; together

Examples

Combine = put together with

Communicate = talk with

Conference = meeting


(7) co-/col- means with; together

Examples

Coeditor = editor with another

Collateral = connected with

Collate = to put together


(8) Cor- means with; together

Examples

Correlate = to match up with

Corroborate = to confirm; to verify


(9) Contra-/contro- means against

Examples

Contravene = conflict with

Controversy = argument or dispute

Contradictory = disagreeing with


(10) Demi- means partly; half

Examples

Demigod = partly a god

Demitasse = small cup


(11) Di- means two

Examples

Dichotomy = split into two parts

Dilemma = choice between two bad alternatives


(12) Dia- means across

Examples

Diameter = distance across the center of a circle

Diagonal = distance across a figure

Diagram = a drawn model


(13) Dis-/dif- means not; apart

Examples

Discord = not in harmony

Differ = to disagree

Disparity = not being equal; having a difference


(14) Dys- means faulty; bad

Examples

Dysfunctional = operate incorrectly

Dyslexia = faulty ability to read

Dyspepsia = indigestion


(15) Ex-/e- means out

Examples

Exit = to leave

Expel = to drive out

Extirpate = to root out

Eject = to throw out


(16) Extra-/extro- means beyond;outside

Examples

Extracurricular = beyond the curriculum

Extraterritorial = beyond a nation’s boundaries

Extrovert = a person mostly interested in other people and things


(17) Hyper- means above; excessively

Examples

Hyperbole = exaggeration

Hyperventilate = breathe very quickly


(18) Hypo- means beneath; lower

Examples

Hypoglycemia = low blood sugar

Hypothyroid = low-functioning

Hypodermic = beneath your skin


(19) in-/im- means not

Examples

Inefficient = not efficient or productive

Inarticulate = can’t speak understandably

Impeccable = not wrecked up; perfect


(20) il-/ir- means not

Examples

Illegible = not readable

Irrelevant = doesn’t matter

Irrevocable = can’t change it or “call it back”


(21) inter- means between; among

Examples

Intervene = come between

International = between countries

Interjection = a comment thrown in


(22) in-/im-/il-/ir- means in; on; upon; among

Examples

Invite = to call in

Illustration = something that makes things clear

Impression = have an effect upon someone’s opinion

Irradiate = to shine upon


(23) intra-/intro- means within

Examples

Intramural = within a school

Introvert = person who turns within himself


(24) macro- means large; long

Examples

Macrobiotic = prolonging life

Macrocosm = the entire universe or “the big picture”


(25) mega- means great; million

Examples

Megalomania = delusions of grandeur/greatness

Megaton = explosive force of a million tons of TNT

Megaphone = makes your voice really loud


  • Login