Glossing lesson 5
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Glossing - Lesson 5. Time and Verb Tense. Lesson 5A. Time indicators Usually appear at or near the beginning of an ASL sentence Specific time indicators Last year, 6-months ago General time indicators A little while ago In the past, will, shall. The sign WILL can include

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Glossing - Lesson 5

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Glossing lesson 5

Glossing - Lesson 5

Time and Verb Tense


Lesson 5a

Lesson 5A

  • Time indicators

    • Usually appear at or near the beginning of an ASL sentence

    • Specific time indicators

      • Last year, 6-months ago

    • General time indicators

      • A little while ago

      • In the past, will, shall

  • The sign WILL can include

  • The sign RECENT can include

    • Just, a short time ago


Lesson 5b

Lesson 5B

  • The “exceptions to the rule”

  • WILL, LATE, FINISH generally appear in conjunction with the verbor at the end of the sentence

  • These are less specific than lesson 5A


Things to remember

Things to remember

  • FINISH

    • Have seen = or FINISH SEE

    • Had eaten = EAT FINISH or FINISH EAT

    • Done sleeping = SLEEP FINISH or FINISH SLEEP

    • Already cooked = COOK FINISH or

    • Finished talking = CONVERSE FINISH or


Things to remember1

Things to remember

  • Some verbs indicate that an action happened in the past rather than emphasizing that the action is done.

  • Examples:

    • My son studied a lot!

      • MY SON STUDY MUCH, PAST (emphasis: )

      • PAST, MY SON STUDY MUCH (emphasis: )

    • I bought a car.

      • ME BUY CAR PAST


Things to remember2

Things to remember

  • If you change the emphasis you change the sentence

    • My son studied a lot!

      • MY SON STUDY MUCH FINISH

    • I bought a car

      • ME BY CAR FINISH

      • ME FINISH BUY CAR


Things to remember3

Things to remember

  • The sign LONG-AGO can indicate

    • A while back, in the past, there was a time, back when, used to

    • Appears at the beginning of a sentence or narrative

  • The signs NEVER and ALWAYS usually appear at the end of an ASL sentence

    • My sister always eats pizza


Things to remember4

Things to remember

  • The sign LATER can appear wherever emphasis is needed

    • You must phone your teacher later.

    • LATER TELEPHONE YOURS TEACHER MUST YOU

    • Study now and watch the movie later.

    • The baby is asleep now. Later she will eat.

    • NOW BABY SLEEP EAT LATER WILL


Things to remember5

Things to remember

  • The sign RECENT is signed at the beginning of the sentence or just before the verb

  • Examples:

    • I just went to the dentist.

    • I just ate the sandwich

    • SANDWICH RECENT EAT ME FINISH


Things to remember6

Things to remember

  • Sometime time indicators are hidden in English sentences

  • Examples

    • My son went camping, once, and loved it.

    • PAST MY SON TENT HE LOVE

    • We used to eat meat, but not any more.

    • I’m gonna call you, I promise.

    • ME PHONE YOU WILL PROMISE


Examples 5a

Examples 5A

  • We went shopping yesterday.

  • My family used to go camping.

  • I’ll study hard in three weeks.


Examples 5b

Examples 5B

  • My brother will pay you back.

  • MY BROTHER PAY YOU AGAIN WILL

  • My brother paid you already.

    • MY BROTHER FINISH PAY YOU

  • My brother hasn’t paid you?

  • QQ

  • MY BROTHER LATE PAY YOU


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