The Emperor and the Assassin 荊柯刺秦王 【jīngkē cì Qínwáng】 http://www.vernonjohns.org/snuffy1186/empassn.html.
a Chinese film director whose films are known for their visual flair and epic storytelling.
His most famous film in the West, Farewell My Concubine (1993), nominated for two Academy Awards Best Foreign Film
Best Cinematography and winner of the Palme d'Or (Golden Palm) at 1993 Cannes Film Festival, follows two Beijing opera stars through decades of change in China during the twentieth century.Chen Kaige (1952-)
–adjective visual flair and epic storytelling.
1.of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Aesop or his fables: a story that points an Aesopian moral.
2.conveying meaning by hint, euphemism, innu’endo, or the like: In the candidate's Aesopian language, “soft on Communism” was to be interpreted as “Communist sympathizer.”
影射【yǐngshè】 allude to; hint obliquely at; insinuate.
史学【shǐxué】 the science of history; historical science; historiography.
Practitioners, following an old Chinese tradition, criticizing the present indirectly by using historical precedents.Aesopian History Studies 影射史学En’dymion Wilkinson in Chinese History, a Manual
Aesop visual flair and epic storytelling. (also spelled Æsop or Esop, from the Greek Αἴσωπος—Aisōpos) (ca. 620-564 BC), known for the genre of fables ascribed to him, was by tradition born a slave (δούλος) in the mid-sixth century BC in ancient Greece.Aesop and His Fables
Ambivalence visual flair and epic storytelling.
The coexistence in one person of contradictory emotions or attitudes (as love and hatred) towards a person or thing.
A moment of being torn apart…
Sometimes, due to an oversight on some deeper connection between the two values, a person tends to view some value in an isolated way, assuming one value is incompatible with another.
Subjectively: Wavering of opinion; hesitation, doubt, uncertainty, as to one's course.
Objectively: Capability of being understood in two or more ways; double or dubious signification, ambiguousness. spec. in Literary Criticism
A word or phrase susceptible of more than one meaning; an equivocal expressionAmbivalence vs. Ambiguity
Aeneas Flees Burning Troy visual flair and epic storytelling. , Federico Barocci, 1598 Galleria Borghese, Rome: carrying his father, leading his son by the hand, with his wife following behind…
a Latin epic poem written by Virgil in the late 1st century BC (29–19 BC) that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy, where he became the ancestor of the Romans.The Aeneid of VirgilLove vs. Duty
In Virgil: visual flair and epic storytelling.
Love and duty can’t go together;
Aeneas abandoned Dido, queen of Carthage, in order to found Rome.Love vs. Duty
Dido visual flair and epic storytelling. was the founder and first Queen of Carthage (in modern-day Tu’nisia). She is best known from the account given by the Roman poet Virgil in his Aeneid. In some sources she is also known as Elissa.Aeneas recounting the Trojan War to Dido, a painting by Pierre-Narcisse Guérin.
Dido and Aeneas fall in love by the management of Juno and Venus—caught in a storm, cave…
Jupiter dispatches Mercury to send Aeneas on his way and the pious Aeneas sadly obeys. Mercury tells Aeneas of all the promising Italian lands and orders Aeneas to get his fleet ready.
Dido is heartbroken. (4.474) Dido has her sister Anna build her a pyre under the pretence of burning all that reminded her of Aeneas, including weapons and clothes that Aeneas had left behind and (what she calls) their bridal bed (though, according to Aeneas, they were never officially married.)Dido ascends the pyre, lies again on the couch which she had shared with Aeneas, and then falls on a sword that Aeneas had given her.
(May/June c.1265 – September 14, 1321), commonly known as Dante, was an Italian poet of the Middle Ages.
His Divine Comedy is often considered the greatest literary work composed in the Italian language and a masterpiece of world literature.Dante
Dante: Love and duty could go hand in hand.Virgil Vs. Dante
King of the Chinese State of Qin from 246 BC to 221 BC during the Warring States Period. He became the first emperor of a unified China in 221 BCEQin Shi Huang(259 BC – 210 BC)
The king also hired someone who criticized him severely, revealing that the king is a person of magnanimity;
Shiji 6, page 38
About Wei Liao from Daliang;
The king did take revenge against the Zhao people;Two Tales
Served as Chancellor for King Zhuangxiang of Qin (r. 249 to 247 BCE), and as regent and Chancellor for the king's (or, some claim, Lü's) young son Zheng, who became Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China.
Lü sponsored an encyclopedic compendium Lüshi Chunqiu (Lü's Spring and Autumn Annals") 《吕氏春秋》, completedin239 BCE.Lǚ Buwei (291?–235 BCE)Director Chen Kaige acted as Lǚ Buwei, a Perfect Role
Lǚ Buwei carefully plotted the whole thing, and successfully persuaded Lady Huayang 华阳夫人 in accepting Zichu (Yiren) as her adoptive son;
If the first emperor were Lǚ Buwei’s son, it would make sense that he got rid of King Zhuangxiang by drugging him gradually (by a strong aphrodisiac) so as to install his own son onto the throne.移花接木【yíhuājiēmù】 graft one twig on another; graft; stealthily substitute one thing for another.
After his relentless investigations, Wang concluded that the first emperor was indeed King Zhuangxiang’s son.
His claim is based on the term of pregnancy. But it is too close to call…
Wang’s hypothesis could not brush away all the clouds…
Sima Qian gave us two versions!Professor Wang Liqun 王立群
The king took over his lady, first emperor was indeed King Zhuangxiang’s son.
But Lǚ Buwei made such an arrangement (with Lao Ai) so that his lover would not bother him any more;
Emotional/sexual factors seemed to weigh less;
Motive: As long as Yiren sat on the throne, Lǚ Buwei’s “son” had no chance;
Note the king also had another son (Ying Chengjiao 赢成蛟, one year older than Ying Zheng) from another wife;
Lǚ Buwei had something to do with getting rid of the other prince so that Ying Zheng had no competitioin…Double Dilemma
The Assassin first emperor was indeed King Zhuangxiang’s son.
The blind girl tipped him over;
Redemption started here; Jing Ke wanted to wash his hands off blood;
He was motivated to kill the king because of Lady Zhao;
A mole to help the king;
Prince of Yan’s chip in his gambling;
Upon seeing all Zhao’s children got killed or buried alive, Lady Zhao changed her mind…Metamorphosis/TransformationDramatic Turns
Based on Aristotle’s first emperor was indeed King Zhuangxiang’s son. Poetics (c. 335 BCE), in Die Technik des Dramas (1863), Freytag explained a system for dramatic structure, later named Freytag's Pyramid.Dramatic StructureGustav Freytag (1816-1895)
1. Start first emperor was indeed King Zhuangxiang’s son.
2. Qin invades Han
3. King of Qin
4. War Council
5. Lady Zhao
6. Prince of Yan
7. Qin Eliminates Han
8. Brand my face
9. Offer & Messages
10. The Assassin
11. Punishing a Thief
12. We need your help
13. I once killed a girl
14. The childrenScene Titles
15. Marquis’ coup first emperor was indeed King Zhuangxiang’s son.
17. Last laugh
18. Qin ancestral temple
19. The situation
20. Lady Zhao
21. Children! Jump!
22. Zhao defeated
23. Buried alive
24. Fan’s gift
25. The Emperor and the Assassin
26. Envoy from Yan
27. Assassin assassinated
28. Lady Zhao returnsScene Titles
General Fan kept his promise first emperor was indeed King Zhuangxiang’s son.
The king failed over and over to keep his promiseKeeping Promisea Theme Running Through
The Emperor and the Assassin first emperor was indeed King Zhuangxiang’s son.
The king misread everything;
The king is a wise reader;Juxtaposition