The roman empire
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The Roman Empire. Roman Historians. Pliny the Elder – questionable depictions of emperors Josephus (Jewish) – extra-Biblical information about Jesus Christ Philo of Alexandria Seneca. Julius Caesar, pre-empire dictator. Assassination of Caesar. 44 BC – the Ides of March (3/15)

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The Roman Empire

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The roman empire

The Roman Empire


Roman historians

Roman Historians

  • Pliny the Elder – questionable depictions of emperors

  • Josephus (Jewish) – extra-Biblical information about Jesus Christ

  • Philo of Alexandria

  • Seneca


Julius caesar pre empire dictator

Julius Caesar, pre-empire dictator


Assassination of caesar

Assassination of Caesar

  • 44 BC – the Ides of March (3/15)

  • Killed by senators including Brutus


Octavian

Octavian

  • Julius Caesar’s great nephew

  • JC adopted him

  • After JC assassinated, gathered armies and marched on Rome

  • Marc Antony blocked his adoption

  • Cicero spoke out against Marc Antony, Octavian elected proconsul

  • Second Triumvirate formed


Second triumvirate

Second Triumvirate

  • Formed in 43 BC

  • Octavian(later Augustus Caesar) – Sardinia, Sicily Africa

  • Marc Antony – parts of Gaul

  • Marcus Aemilius Lepidus – Spain, parts of Gaul

  • Lepidus favored Antony


Augustus caesar

Augustus Caesar


Breakup and war

Breakup and war

  • Marc Antony left his wife (actually Octavian’s sister) and falls for Cleopatra

  • 2nd Triumvirate over in 33 BC

  • Augustus accuses Antony of allying with Egypt to overthrow Rome

  • Battle of Actium – Antony defeated, he and Cleopatra commit suicide


Rule of augustus caesar

Rule of Augustus Caesar

  • 27 BC – 14 AD

  • Jesus Christ in the New Testament refers to “Caesar” (Augustus Caesar)

  • “PaxRomana” – Roman peace

  • Fire-fighters in Rome

  • Peace with Parthians

  • Praetorian guard

  • Road system, courier system


Julian claudian dynasty

Julian-Claudian Dynasty

  • Tiberius 14-37 AD – Pliny the Elder called him “gloomy”

  • Caligula 37-41 AD – divinity, Incitatus, assassinated by senators and Praetorian guard, Mauretania

  • Claudius 41 – 54 AD – Caligula’s uncle, cozy with Senate, mentioned in Acts, Britannia

  • Nero 54-68 AD – Great Fire in 64, avoided assassination


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