ENVIRONMENTAL BEST PRACTICES TOWARDS GREEN ENERGY PRODUCTION THROUGH HARNESSING RENEWABLE NATURAL RE...
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PRESENTATION PLAN Introduction: VRA establishment and Mandates Hydroelectric and Thermal Power Plants Ghana Power Plants, Capacities and Producers PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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ENVIRONMENTAL BEST PRACTICES TOWARDS GREEN ENERGY PRODUCTION THROUGH HARNESSING RENEWABLE NATURAL RESOURCES (WIND AND SOLAR) FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT – VRA’S INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS Emmanuel M. K. Amekor Manager, Environment and Sustainable Development Department, VRA-Ghana.

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PRESENTATION PLAN Introduction: VRA establishment and Mandates Hydroelectric and Thermal Power Plants Ghana Power Plants, Capacities and Producers

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Presentation plan introduction vra establishment and mandates hydroelectric and thermal power plants ghana power plants capacities and producers

ENVIRONMENTAL BEST PRACTICES TOWARDS GREEN ENERGY PRODUCTION THROUGH HARNESSING RENEWABLE NATURAL RESOURCES (WIND AND SOLAR) FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT – VRA’S INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

Emmanuel M. K. Amekor

Manager, Environment and Sustainable Development Department, VRA-Ghana

17th UPDEA Congress Hammamet


Presentation plan introduction vra establishment and mandates hydroelectric and thermal power plants ghana power plants capacities and producers

  • PRESENTATION PLAN

  • Introduction: VRA establishment and Mandates

  • Hydroelectric and Thermal Power Plants

  • Ghana Power Plants, Capacities and Producers

  • The Case for Introduction of Renewable Energy

  • Planned Renewable Projects and Selection Factors

  • Institutional Arrangements

  • Project Implementation

  • Conclusions

17th UPDEA Congress Hammamet


Presentation plan introduction vra establishment and mandates hydroelectric and thermal power plants ghana power plants capacities and producers

  • VRA ESTABLISHMENT/MANDATE

  • ESTABLISHMENT

  • Established under the Volta River Development Act 1961 (Act 46)

  • MANDATE

  • Primary function is to develop the hydroelectric potential of the Volta River (through the construction of a dam and creation of a lake/reservoir) for the generation,transmission and supply/distribution of electrical energy for industrial, commercial and domestic use in Ghana and neighbouring countries

17th UPDEA Congress Hammamet


Akosombo dam lake volta hydropower station

AKOSOMBO DAM+LAKE VOLTA+HYDROPOWER STATION


Presentation plan introduction vra establishment and mandates hydroelectric and thermal power plants ghana power plants capacities and producers

  • VRA MANDATE AMMENDMENT

  • AMMENDMENT LAW

  • The Volta River Development (Amendment) Act 2005 (Act 692) revised the VRA mandate:

  • Transmission component of original mandate entrusted to a new National Grid Company.

  • VRA now a purely power generation company

  • Focus now on core business of development of various power stations for electricity generation.

17th UPDEA Congress Hammamet


Presentation plan introduction vra establishment and mandates hydroelectric and thermal power plants ghana power plants capacities and producers

GHANA’S CURRENT ENERGY MIX

AS AT SEPTEMBER 2011

17th UPDEA Congress Hammamet


Presentation plan introduction vra establishment and mandates hydroelectric and thermal power plants ghana power plants capacities and producers

CURRENT ENERGY MIX

AS AT SEPTEMBER 2011

17th UPDEA Congress Hammamet


Presentation plan introduction vra establishment and mandates hydroelectric and thermal power plants ghana power plants capacities and producers

  • JUSTIFICATION OF INTRODUTION OF RENEWABLES INTO ENERGY MIX

  • THE CASE FOR INTRODUCTION OF

  • RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

  • Environmental problems associated with the combustion of fossil fuels are well known and documented worldwide.

  • Both developed and developing nations are grappling with for solutions to the CO2 and other GHGs and the associated global warming and climate change impacts.

  • VRA since 1998 actively engaged in diversification of its power generation sources from the predominantly hydro to crude oil and lately natural gas thermal plants, gradually reducing the carbon footprint of generation.

17th UPDEA Congress Hammamet


Presentation plan introduction vra establishment and mandates hydroelectric and thermal power plants ghana power plants capacities and producers

JUSTIFICATION OF INTRODUTION OF RENEWABLES INTO ENERGY MIX

HISTORY OF VRA DIVERSIFICATION PROGRAMMES

17th UPDEA Congress Hammamet


Presentation plan introduction vra establishment and mandates hydroelectric and thermal power plants ghana power plants capacities and producers

  • JUSTIFICATION OF INTRODUTION OF RENEWABLES INTO ENERGY MIX

  • INTRODUCTION OF

  • RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

  • Data from earlier studies carried out by the Ghana Energy Commission were reviewed to decide which types of renewables to introduce.

  • VRA’s RE Development Programme phase 1 (REDP1) aims at developing about 160 MW of installed renewable energy capacity over the next five years.

  • The program consists of three components:

  • Wind Power Phase 1 (150 MW)

  • Solar Power Phase 1 (10 MW)

  • Renewable Energy Planning & Development Integration

17th UPDEA Congress Hammamet


Presentation plan introduction vra establishment and mandates hydroelectric and thermal power plants ghana power plants capacities and producers

SOLAR POWER PROJECT PHASE 1

17th UPDEA Congress Hammamet


Presentation plan introduction vra establishment and mandates hydroelectric and thermal power plants ghana power plants capacities and producers

JUSTIFICATION OF INTRODUTION OF RENEWABLES INTO ENERGY MIX

INTRODUCTION OF

RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

Project objectives:

Develop & construct a 10 MW Solar PV plant.

Asses the technical/financial feasibility of developing Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Plants in Ghana.

Provide training to VRA’s planning, development and operational staff on Developing and operating a solar power plants as well as integrating wind generation into our generation supply and expansion plans.

Register the wind farm projects as Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project in order to utilise CDM proceeds for co-financing of the project.

17th UPDEA Congress Hammamet


Presentation plan introduction vra establishment and mandates hydroelectric and thermal power plants ghana power plants capacities and producers

  • JUSTIFICATION OF INTRODUTION OF RENEWABLES INTO ENERGY MIX

  • THE CASE FOR INTRODUCTION OF

  • RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

  • Factors taken into consideration include:

  • Availability of the natural resource (wind/sunshine)

  • Quantity and quality of resource (wind speed, direction solar luminance etc)

  • Quantity of power to be generated in a cost effective manner

  • Availability of land for infrastructural development

  • Environmental and Social impacts in riparian communities

  • Ease of power evacuation through tie-in to the existing national grid system

17th UPDEA Congress Hammamet


Presentation plan introduction vra establishment and mandates hydroelectric and thermal power plants ghana power plants capacities and producers

  • JUSTIFICATION OF INTRODUTION OF RENEWABLES INTO ENERGY MIX

  • INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

  • 1 Establishment of E&SD Department

  • Under the Guidelines for Environmental Assessment in Ghana, Energy projects have been classified under the category of projects for which environmental assessment is mandatory

  • VRA therefore charged the Director of the Environment & Sustainable Development Department with the responsibility of satisfying the regulatory requirements of the Ghana EPA

  • Permanent interactive/consultative meetings were put in place to obtain Permits from various other institutions. Eg Energy License, Building permits, Environmental Permits etc.

17th UPDEA Congress Hammamet


Presentation plan introduction vra establishment and mandates hydroelectric and thermal power plants ghana power plants capacities and producers

  • INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

  • 2 Community Consultations

  • An identification exercise was carried out to detail all potential communities that could be impacted either positively or negatively by project activities.

  • Community meetings were arranged to serve as consultation fora to receive the views of community members about the projects

  • Traditional Chiefs, Opinion leaders, Political representatives and Local Government officials were consulted at separate meetings to enable frank expression of ideas.

17th UPDEA Congress Hammamet


Presentation plan introduction vra establishment and mandates hydroelectric and thermal power plants ghana power plants capacities and producers

  • INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

  • 3 Environmental and Social Impact Assessment

  • Liaison between VRA and Arrangements including meetings and communication with the Ghana EPA confirmed the level of the environmental assessment that is required for the projects.

  • 4. Multi disciplinary Project Implementation Team

  • A multidisciplinary team from relevant VRA stakeholder Departments including: Engineering Services , Environment &Sustainable Development, Real Estate and Survey Department headed by a Project Director has been set up as a Project Implementation Unit for the Projects.

17th UPDEA Congress Hammamet


Institutional arrangement multidisciplinary approach

INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENT – MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH


Presentation plan introduction vra establishment and mandates hydroelectric and thermal power plants ghana power plants capacities and producers

THANKS YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

Questions & Answers

17th UPDEA Congress Hammamet


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