1 h hydrogen 1 008
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1 H Hydrogen 1.008

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1 H Hydrogen 1.008

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1 h hydrogen 1 008

1

H

Hydrogen

1.008

Most stars “burn” to produce hydrogen. It is made up of one proton and one electron. It is the most abundant and lightest chemical element on earth. Non-remnantstars are mainly composed of hydrogen in its plasma state. Hydrogen is highly reactive. Hydrogen gas is very flammable and will burn in air at a very wide range. The largest single use of hydrogen is in the production of ammonia. Ammonia is used in the production of fertilizers and as a fertilizer itself. It is also a raw material for the production of explosives. Hydrogen is found in large amounts in giant gas planets and stars, it plays a key role in powering stars through fusion reactions.

29

Cu

Copper

63.55

Pure copper is soft and malleable; an exposed surface has a reddish-orange tarnish. It is used as a conductor of heat and electricity, a building material, and a constituent of various metal alloys. Copper does not react with water. On strong heating, copper forms into black solid of copper oxide. Copper usually does not react with most cold, dilute acids. However, it will react with hot, concentrated sulfuric acid and can react with both dilute and concentrated nitric acid. Copper has low chemical reactivity. The average home today contains about 400 pounds of copper for electrical wiring, water pipes and appliances .

  • 8

  • O

  • Oxygen

  • 16.00

  • Oxygen is produced by plants which cause us to breathe. An individual could even die if there is no oxygen to breathe. Oxygen is the member of the chalcogen group on the periodic table and is highly reactive. Liquid and solid oxygen are pale blue.Mayow observed that substances do not burn in air from which oxygen is absent; oxygen is present in the acid part of potassium nitrate. Animals absorb oxygen into their blood when they breathe; air breathed out by animals has less oxygen in it than fresh air.

79

Au

Gold

96.97


1 h hydrogen 1 008

47

Ag

Silver

107.87


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