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HINDUISM. LESSON #3 The Caste System, Guru, Upanishads and Puja Festival. What is the caste system???. In Hindu society, each person has a certain social role or position in life The caste system is a hierarchy

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Hinduism

HINDUISM

LESSON #3

The Caste System, Guru, Upanishads and Puja Festival


What is the caste system
What is the caste system???

  • In Hindu society, each person has a certain social role or position in life

  • The caste system is a hierarchy

  • Performing good deeds and following their assigned code of behaviour will determine if they have the right to be born at a higher level in their next life


Caste system
Caste system

1) Brahmins:

  • Caste on the top of the hierarchy

  • Priestly caste

  • Their role is to teach in matters of faith and they leads most key rituals


Caste system1
Caste system

2) Kshatriyas

  • Warrior caste

  • If you belong to this caste, your role is to protect the people and run a fair government


Caste system2
Caste system

3) Vaishyas

  • Producer caste

  • Role is to take care of the economic needs of the community

  • If you belong to this caste, you are likely a trader, merchant, farmer, artist or business person


Caste system3
Caste system:

4) Sudras

  • Lowest caste

  • Their role is to serve the 3 higher castes by doing menial work (for example, unskilled workers and servants belong to this caste.


Caste system4
Caste system:

5) Untouchables

  • Outsiders caste

  • May not interact in any with members from other castes

  • Their role is to do the dirtiest work and live apart in small communities


guru:

  • Term for teacher or master

  • Responsible for sharing their knowledge with their followers


puja:

  • Puja is a religious ceremony in which one salutes and worships the deity of one's choice.

  • Puja is a form of connecting with the supreme through an expression of devotion. In puja, the worshiper cultivates a deep, personal relationship with the deity


Upanishads
Upanishads:

  • Hindu holy scriptures that focus on prayers, elements of nature and animal sacrifices


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