Presented by
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 31

FIRST CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP ON CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM (CDM) UNDER CD4CDM INITIATIVE PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 74 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Presented by Iftekhar Enayetullah. Presentation on Design, Implementation and Monitoring of Waste Sector CDM Projects: Experience of Waste Concern in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Vietnam. FIRST CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP ON CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM (CDM) UNDER CD4CDM INITIATIVE

Download Presentation

FIRST CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP ON CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM (CDM) UNDER CD4CDM INITIATIVE

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Presented byIftekhar Enayetullah

Presentation on Design, Implementation and Monitoring of Waste Sector CDM Projects: Experience of Waste Concern in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Vietnam

FIRST CAPACITY BUILDING WORKSHOP ON CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM (CDM) UNDER CD4CDM INITIATIVE

Date: 8-9 April, 2008

Venue: LGED Bhaban, Dhaka

web: www.wasteconcern.org


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Presentation Outline

  • Background of the Waste Sector CDM Project

  • CDM project cycle

  • How the project is implemented

  • What aspects needs to be monitored for CDM

  • Examples of projects from Vietnam and Sri Lanka

web: www.wasteconcern.org


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Baseline Situation

CDM project

Methane Emission (Green House Gas)

No Methane Emission

City Authorities Collecting transport

Waste

Composting Plant

Existing Practice: land filling of waste

Starting from 100 Tons/day capacity and within 2 years reaching 700 Tons/ day capacity

The project is recycling organic vegetable waste and instead of

disposing in landfill, it is converted Into compost.

Waste Concern is involved in the design, implementation and now monitoring of the project


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

MAJOR PORTION OF WASTE IS ORGANIC

www.wasteconcern.org


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

URBAN WASTE GENERATION (Tons/ day) IN BANGLADESH

  • 1995: 10,742 tonnes/day

  • 2005 : 14,000 tonnes/day

  • 2025: 47,064 tonnes/day (estimated)


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Methane Gas Emission is being measured by the expert of the Royal Haskoning of the Netherlands and Waste Concern by land fill gas analyzer at the Matuail Waste Disposal site of Dhaka City Corporation


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Obtained UNFCCC approval on Sept 2005

www.wasteconcern.org


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

CDM Project Cycle

Identification of project and development of project concept note

Development of Project Design Document

Project developer

Includes:

Project Description

Select baseline approach and assess additionality

Project developer

Set baseline emission level and crediting period

Calculate net emission reductions

Develop a monitoring plan

Assess environmental impacts

Invite local stakeholders for comments

Host Government (National Authority)

Host country approval

Submission of the PDD and host country approval to validator

Project developer

Make PDD publicly available for 30 days

Operational Entity

Validation of Project

Operational Entity

Submission of validation reports and Project Design Document

CDM Executive Board

Registration with the CDM

Project implementation and monitoring

Project developer

Project developer

Verification and certification

Operational Entity

Host Government

Possible review by the CDM Executive Board

Operational Entity

CDM Executive Board

Issuance of CERs to project developers

CDM Executive Board

Waste Concern

Waste Concern

WWR

WC, WWR, FMO and Triodos of NL


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Development of CDM Activities in Bangladesh

7 January 2004

DCC gives NOC for preparation and implementation of the projects under CDM

WC submits two CDM Projects to National CDM Committee for LFG Recovery (LFG & Composting) along with commitment letter of Dutch investor.

29 February 2004

18 April 2004

National CDM Committee approved the projects

8 August 2004

National CDM Board headed by the PM office gives final approval of the project.

17 Sep 2005

First CDM Project of WC (Landfill Gas Extraction and Utilization) Registered with UNFCCC.

DCC’s Signs 15 years Concession Agreement for the 700 tons/day capacity compost plant

24 Jan 2006

Second CDM Project of WC (700 ton capacity compost plant) Registered with UNFCCC (after development of a new methodology AM 0025)

18 May 2006

16 May 2007

Compost Project Registered from Board of Investment (BoI)

Environmental Clearance (IEE) from DoE for Construction (Site Clearance)

August 2007

Trail Production and Monitoring started and full production by June 2008

Construction Process of Compost Plant Started November 2007

Nov 2007

March 2008


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Project based carbon trading (CER/VER) between industrialized and developing countries

Dutch Company WWR and

Banks, FMO and Triodos

CDM investment $$

Industrialized country

Emission reduction credits (CER)

Project Reducing GHG emissions in

Dhaka

web: www.wasteconcern.org


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Mode of investment for the project

CASH upfront for project preparation

EQUITY+LOAN (WWR, FMO and Triodos)

LOAN Local currency

Project Cost: Total Euro 12 million

8,90,000X18=16.02 million in 10 years

web: www.wasteconcern.org


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

PARTNERSHIP MODEL UNDER CDM PROJECT

International Market

CER ( carbon credits)

Rural Farmers

Compost

Project Investment Harnessing CDM

BOI

Organic Waste

COMPOST PLANT Joint Venture of WC, WWR, FMO & Triodos Bank of NL

Urban Population

CDM Board

Project Approval

  • Direct Collection from Vegetable markets

  • Paying CBOs/NGOs for waste delivery

  • Promoting source separation and community participation

DCC

Giving concession agreement for15 years

Attracted 12 million Euro

PUBLIC

PRIVATE

COMMUNITY

www.wasteconcern.org


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

How the project is implemented

Waste Bins Demountable Containers

Collection

Transportation

Landfill

PROBLEMS

  • Green House Gas Emission

  • More Land Required for Landfill

Concession Agreement with D.C.C

Collection of Organic municipal waste

from vegetable markets using

our own collection system

700 tons/daySaving of waste collection cost for D.C.C for 2,55,500 tons waste/yr

Compost Plant ( land and plant belongs to Company)

700 tons/day

Production capacity: 175-210 tons per day

Employment: 800 person, specially women

Emission reduction: 89000 tons CO2/ yr.

700 tons/day

Saving 2,81,050 m3 land filling avoided per year

Saving of disposal cost at dumpsite by avoiding 2,81,050 tons per day.

Compost

Initially 8000 tons/year and reach 50,000 tons/year (Cheaper than chemical fertilizers)

No investment from public agency in this project

Rural Areas (Farmers)

www.wasteconcern.org


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

www.wasteconcern.org


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Unloading platform

Reception, sorting & mixing

Entrance

Basic Layout

Storage (roof)

Enrichment

Screening I

Offices & workers building

1st phase composting

(Roofed)

Screening II

Maturing

(not -roofed)

www.wasteconcern.org


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

How the CDM Project is helping the city and the poor

Input

Process

Output

  • Collection (Organic Waste From Markets)

  • Aerobic Composting

  • Compost (50,000 tons/year)

  • Carbon Credits (89,000 ton Co2e)

  • Saving Landfill Area

  • Saving DCC cost

Pro-poor element

Pro-poor element

Pro-poor element

  • 700 tons/ day of waste collection Starting from 100 tons/day

  • Cheaper

  • Less Irrigation

  • Soil Quality Improved

  • Higher Yield

  • Leads to higher income

  • Creating 800 new jobs

  • Focusing Waste Pickers

  • Health Insurance

  • Daycare Center

  • Free Meal

  • Job Creation 400 new jobs


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Before-After: Waste Collection System

Improved Covered Collection

Present Collection Practice


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Parameters to be Monitored During Implementation

Weighing of Waste Input


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Process Quality Control

Regular Oxygen Monitoring


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Parameters to be Monitored During Implementation

Temperature Control


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Aerobic Composting System


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Parameters to be Monitored During Implementation

Regular Oxygen Monitoring


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Safe Working Condition


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Replication of Waste Concern’s Decentralized Composting Model in Vietnam and Sri Lanka

With the support from UNESCAP, Waste Concern successfully replicated it small scale (3 tons/ day capacity) compost plants in the Quay Nhon City of Vietnam and Matale City of Sri Lanka. Later both the cities are requesting Waste Concern to bundle these small scale plants for their respective cities.

Quay Nhon City, Vietnam generates= 80 tons/day (60% organic)

Matale City of Sri Lankagenerates= 30 tons/day (60% organic)


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Transaction Cost for CDM Based Projects

For small-scale CDM project the total upfront transaction cost is estimated as US $ 25,000 to 40,000.


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Community Based Composting Initiative Qyay Nhon City, Vietnam

Front View of the compost plant

Perforated bottom and side walls of the compost box

Rear view of the compost plant

Maturing bed of the compost plant


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Community Based Composting Initiative Matale City, Sri Lanka

Community Mobilization

Special containers for waste collection

Side view of the compost plant at Matale City


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Bundling CDM Projects Sri Lanka and Vietnam

One single CDM project

Bundling organization

VER/CER to Investor

Multiple small scale composting projects


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Project Cycle for VERs

PROJECT INFORMATION NOTE (PIN)

Cost for the preparation of PDD and Validation is bourn by the buyer

VALIDATION

IMPLEMENTATION

VERs


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Global Impact

Reducing Green House Gas

Complying with the MDG

Attracting Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

Reducing poverty by creating jobs for urban poor

Reducing ground and surface water pollution thus reducing health hazards

Reducing Solid Waste Management cost of municipalities

Promoting

PPCP an

investtments

Improves the quality of life of the city

Providing safe and better working condition for the informal sector

IMPACT OF THE PROJECT

Raises public awareness on Solid Waste Management and recycling

Enhancing the life of the Dumpsite

Local Impact

www.wasteconcern.org


First capacity building workshop on clean development mechanism cdm under cd4cdm initiative

Mitigation-Adaptation Loop

Mitigation

Adaptation


  • Login