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How to Safely Evacuate from your Home. Safety Matters: . National Institute on Disability Rehabilitation and Research Project Safe EV-AC http://evac.icdi.wvu.edu. International Center for Disability Information. West Virginia University College of Human Resources & Education

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How to Safely Evacuate from your Home

Safety Matters:

National Institute on Disability Rehabilitation and Research

Project Safe EV-AC

http://evac.icdi.wvu.edu


International center for disability information
International Center for Disability Information

West Virginia University

College of Human Resources & Education

Project Safe EV-AC

http://evac.icdi.wvu.edu


Target population
Target Population

  • Individuals in the community with physical, mental, or medical care needs who may require assistance before, during, and/or after a disaster or emergency.

    • Limitations

      • Motor

      • Sensory

      • Cognitive

      • Psychological

      • Temporary


Phases of emergency management
Phases of Emergency Management

Mitigation

Preparedness

Recovery

Response


Mitigation
Mitigation

  • Occurs before the emergency or disaster.

  • Eliminates or reduces probability of occurrence.

  • Lessens the effects of the disaster:

    • Inspect windows, doors, and roofs.

    • Secure emergency back-up records.

    • Install visual alarms and Braille signage.

    • Install/elevate the generator.

    • Create areas of refuge.


Mitigation1
Mitigation

  • Lowering the cost of a disaster involves:

    • Developing a plan for contingencies.

    • Communicating the plan.

    • Training people about the plan.

    • Practicing the plan.

    • Maintaining the plan.


Preparedness
Preparedness

External Considerations

  • Plan, train, and exercise with local emergency response agencies:

    • Offer information to responder’s registry.

    • Create an emergency health information and contact card for rescuers.

    • Work to identify the steps that reduce their vulnerability to high-risk activities.

  • Discuss your questions with emergency responders, doctors, and relevant agencies.

  • Offer to be a part of training new staff.


Preparedness1
Preparedness

Internal Considerations

  • Plan

  • Prioritize

  • Establish Relationships

  • Identify Resources

  • Understand Your Community:

    • Know the emergency management structure.

    • Take responsibility to be pro-active.

    • Establish Sheltering in Place, Shelters for the General Public, and Special Needs Shelters.


Preparedness2
Preparedness

  • Prepare an emergency kit (hearing aids, eye glasses, keys).

  • Use emergency window stickers.

  • Make a list of medications.

  • Determine two usable exits.

  • Pick a location to reunite.


Preparedness3
Preparedness

  • Equipment Access

    • Prepare battery/generator backups.

    • Keep equipment secured and accessible when not in use.

    • Store extra mobility aids as backups.

    • Review how to operate equipment (turn off utilities, operate fire extinguisher).


Preparedness4
Preparedness

  • Make a plan with personal care attendant:

    • Discuss the plan with the home health agency.

    • Establish a buddy network - Pick one out-of-state and one local friend/relative to call if separated.


Preparedness5
Preparedness

  • Prioritize:

    • Most important things you need to have.

    • Other things you may need.

    • Other good-to-have things.


Preparedness6
Preparedness

  • Review typical events at each stage and prepare accordingly:

    • Earthquake: If you are in a wheelchair, stay in it and go into a doorway.

    • Flood: If you have hypertension

      and need to take medication,

      have bottled water available.

    • Snowstorm: If you use a C-PAP

      for sleep apnea, have a backup

      battery.


Response
Response

  • Respiratory Impairment:

    • Evacuation hood

    • Respirator/mask


Response1
Response

  • Speech Impairment:

    • Speech amplification device

    • Speech enhancer

    • Alpha-numeric pager

    • Two way instant messaging

    • Pre-written notes


Response2
Response

  • Vision Loss:

    • One-on-one mobility instruction & training with emergency responders

    • Tape recorded drills for practice with a buddy

    • Guide dog/mobility aid considerations

    • Braille signage

    • Tactile maps


Response3
Response

  • Hearing Loss:

    • Vibrating pager

    • Flashlight to read lips

    • Lighted fire strobes and other visual or vibrating alerting devices

    • Wireless communication


Response4
Response

  • Mobility Impairment:

    • Wheelchair evacuation

    • Evacuation devices

    • Area of rescue assistance

    • Barrier free route of travel

    • Wheelchair supplies


Response5
Response

  • Cognitive Impairment:

    • Use a picture book of evacuation procedures

    • Encourage social interaction with emergency responders

    • Color code exit ways

    • Implement buddy system

    • Use a coach for training


Response6
Response

  • Psychiatric Impairment:

    • Practice with a buddy or counselor

    • Clarify emergency process in writing

    • Implement backup exit procedures


Recovery

Voluntary Organizations Respond

Locality Responds

Federal Government Responds

State Responds

Recovery


Recovery1
Recovery

  • Goals:

    • Meet the disaster-related needs of disaster victims, including special needs populations.

    • Return systems and people to normal, if possible.

    • Find improvements for both short term and long term needs.


Effective process
Effective Process

  • Goals:

    • Reduce loss of life.

    • Reduce property damages.

    • Ensure effective, efficient response.

    • Lay the groundwork for improvements.


International center for disability information1
International Center for Disability Information

West Virginia University

College of Human Resources & Education

Project Safe EV-AC

http://evac.icdi.wvu.edu

[email protected]


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