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Ocean Conservation. [Humans were once terrified]. Essential Questions: What does the future hold in terms of ocean quality, use, and preservation ? What can we do to take care of the ocean? How do I properly cite my sources in my project?. Problem #1: Oil Spills. BP Oil Spill.

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Ocean conservation

Ocean Conservation

[Humans were once terrified]

Essential Questions:

What does the future hold in terms of ocean quality, use, and preservation?

What can we do to take care of the ocean?

How do I properly cite my sources in my project?



Description
Description

An oil spill is when an amount of petroleum is realeased in an area where it can cause damage. Oil spills can happen when people make mistakes or are careless and cause an oil tanker to leak oil into the ocean.Equipment breaking down may cause an oil spill. Or even when countries are at war, one country may decide to dump gallons of oil into the other country’s oceans.


What are the causes of oil spills
What are the Causes of OilSpills?

  • Negligentmaintenance

  • Natural causes

  • Shipwrecking

  • Openings in the sea floor


What are the effects
What Are the Effects?

  • Birds die

  • Fish die

  • Oceans are polluted

  • Beaches are contaminated

  • People get sick if they consume the water


Solutions
Solutions

  • Clean up the seashore

  • Use special vacuum cleaners

  • Use special inflatables

  • Prevent spills (maintain petroleum drills at their best shape)


How to avoid plagiarism
How to Avoid Plagiarism

  • It is illegal to copy other people’s words and ideas without giving them credit.

  • When you use a writer's wording — even a phrase — always put quotation marks around the writer's exact words.

  • Be sure to include all sources that you use in your “Works Cited.”



Description1
Description

Coral reefs are underwater structures made from calcium carbonate secreted by corals. The habitat of thousands of marine species, they are known as the sea’s rainforest. Coral reefs are dying around the world.


In El Nino year, 1998, 16% of the world's reefs died as a result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.


Causes
Causes result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.

  • Global warming

  • Agricultural and urban runoff

  • Trash

  • Overfishing and blast fishing

  • Coral mining

  • Tourism

  • Pollution


Effects
Effects result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.

  • Coral disease

  • No fish

  • Coral bleaching

  • Coral death

  • Ocean acidification

  • Species extinction

  • Change in sea temperature


Solutions1
Solutions result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.

  • Plant a tree

  • Support reef-friendly businesses

  • Practice safe and responsible diving/snorkeling

  • Contact your government representatives

  • Dispose of your trash properly

  • Use ecological or organic fertilizers


What is a citation
What is a Citation? result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.

  • A reference to a source used in a research project

  • Whenever you use another person’s ideas or words in a research project, you must cite, or give credit, to that person.

  • MLA is a standard way of citing sources. Each source is formatted in a specific way.


Problem 3 overfishing destructive methods of fishing
Problem #3: Overfishing result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them. & destructive METHODS OF FISHING


Description2
Description result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.

Overfishing is, simply put, when so many fish are caught that the population can't reproduce enough to replace them, a nonsustainable use of the ocean. Overfishing can lead to depletion of or extinction of fish populations.


Causes1
Causes result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.

  • Aggressive fishing techniques and equipment

  • Advanced fishing technology

  • Increased demand for fish as a good source of protein

  • Negligent fishing

  • Exploitation

  • Lack of knowledge of the problem


Effects1
Effects result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.

  • Ecosystem destruction

  • Species depleted

  • Fish extinction

  • Bycatch – discards

  • Rupture in food web


Solutions2
Solutions result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.

  • Ban destructive methods

  • Reduce commercial fishing

  • Protect key parts in ecosystems

  • Monitoring and enforcement

  • Spread the word

  • Be informed

  • Know where your fish comes from


3 reasons to cite
3 Reasons to Cite result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.

  • To find information – it helps you remember where you found your information

  • To show that you understand your topic – it shows that you have expert backing in your understanding of your topic

  • To avoid plagiarism – it keeps you out of trouble!


Problem 4 shark finning
Problem #4: Shark Finning result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.


Description3
Description result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.

Shark finning refers to the removal and retention of shark fins and the discard at sea of the carcass. The shark is most often still alive when it is tossed back into the water. Unable to swim, and bleeding to death, the shark suffers a slow death where 95% of the animal is wasted.


Causes2
Causes result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.

  • Use in Shark Fin Soup

  • Use as traditional cures

  • A pound of dried shark fin can retail for up to $300

  • Finning is widespread and largely unmonitored.


Effects2
Effects result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.

  • Loss and devastation of shark populations around the world

  • Threat to the ecosystem

  • Disruption of the Food Chain


Solutions3
Solutions result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.

  • Ban Shark Finning

  • Create trade bans and restrictions

  • Create shark sanctuaries

  • Increase enforcement of laws already in place


How to Begin Your Research result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.


Bibliography
Bibliography result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.

[Bird covered in oil]. 2013. Wikipedia. Online image. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oil_spill>.

BP Oil Spill: Oil Containment System Appears Operational. 2010. Oil Spill News. Online image. Web. 11 Feb. 2013. <http://www.oilspillnews.net/oil-spill- clean-up/bp-oil-spill-oil-containment-system-appears-operational/>.

Coral Reef Alliance. The Coral Reef Alliance, 2012. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://www.coral.org/>.

[Dead oil-covered birds]. 2009. Wikipedia. Online image. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://www.polarfield.com/blog/tag/duane-gill/>.

[Humans were once terrified]. Online image. Web. 11 Feb. 2013. <http://vi.sualize.us/humans_were_once_terrified_of_sea_today_its_ot her_way_around_greenpeace_pollution_conservation_picture_4Mum.html>.

Koster, Pepijn. Overfishing - A Global Disaster. Overfishing.org, 2011. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://overfishing.org/>.


Bibliography cont d
Bibliography (cont’d) result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.

My Coral Triangle. World Wide Fund for Nature, 1986. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://www.mycoraltriangle.com/coralweb/about/>.

Oil Spill Solutions. International Spill Control Organization, n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://oilspillsolutions.org/>.

Oil Spills. ThinkQuest, 2002. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0215471/oil_spills.htm>.

Overfishing. Wikipedia, 17 Jan. 2013. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overfishing>.

John Bruno (Lead Author);Mark McGinley (Topic Editor) "Coral reefs and climate change". In: Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. Cutler J. Cleveland (Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). [First published in the Encyclopedia of Earth August 26, 2008; Last revised Date January 13, 2013; Retrieved February 15, 2013 <http://www.eoearth.org/article/Coral_reefs_and_climate_change>


Begin your research
Begin your research! result of increased water temperature. In Indonesia, surveys showed some 80% of bleached corals died. Scientists do not yet understand the long-term impacts of coral bleaching, but they do know that bleaching leaves corals vulnerable to disease, stunts their growth, and affects their reproduction, while severe bleaching kills them.


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