The Bald Eagle. By: Damian Espinosa. The Description. Description.
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The Bald Eagle
By: Damian Espinosa
Instantly recognizable as the national emblem of the United States, the bald eagle has long been a key symbol in the human cultures of the Americas. The second largest North American bird of prey after the Californian condor (2), it is also the only eagle solely native to North America (5). This majestic species is named for the conspicuous white head, which, contrary to the name, is in fact fully feathered, and contrasts strongly with the dark brown body and wings. The tail is also white, and the legs, eye and large beak are bright yellow (2)(3)(5)(6). The wings are long and broad, and the tail rounded. The female bald eagle is larger than the male, but otherwise similar in appearance (2)(3)(5). The call of this species is relatively weak, seeming rather inadequate for such a large bird (3)
On June 20, 1782, The Bald Eagle, or American Eagle, became the National Emblem of the United States by the Second Continental Congress because of its long life, great strength, majestic looks, and belief that it was unique to North America. The wild turkey was runner-up. The Great Seal of the United States was adopted at this time and shows a wide-spread eagle, faced front, breast covered with a shield of thirteen perpendicular red and white stripes, with a blue field with the same number of stars; right talon holding an olive branch; left talon holding a bundle of thirteen arrows; and beak carrying a scroll with the motto: E Pluribus Unum. The eagle appears in many state seals, on gold and silver coinage, and used for decorative patriotic purposes.
Before Europeans settled in America, there may have been about 500,000 bald eagles. As the human population grew, the eagle population declined, partly because they were competing for the same food and humans had weapons to their advantage. There was a sharp decline in the late 1800s. At this time, European settlers spun tales of eagles carrying away full-grown sheep, and even human babies, and they viewed them as potential livestock predators. This is not possible because the lifting power of an adult eagle is no more than about 4 or 5 pounds. Their scavenger image, powerfulness, and aggressiveness contribute to the negative image some people have of them.
Bald eagles resides in North America, from Alaska and Canada to northern Mexico near swamps, lakes, oceans and rivers where there are lots of fish, clean waters, and tall trees for nesting and roosting. They live strictly in North America and every state except for Hawaii. The northwest coast of North America is where the flourish most, partly because of the salmon dead or dying fish are an important part of their food supply. In 1996, more than 40 were observed wintering along the Columbia River north of the Hanford town site. Thousands live in Alaska and other parts of the Pacific Northwest, the Great Lakes region, and Chesapeake Bay. They also inhabit Florida and along Atlantic coastline. They thrive in quiet isolation.
My wingspan for the cool awesome bald eagle is 6 feet long that is a long wingspan
The bald eagle eats fish and waterfowl
Pennsylvania officials just announced success with their program to re-establish the state’s bald eagle population. But it’s a shame that such welcome news is being tainted by oft-repeated myths about the great bird’s near extinction.
In its July 4 article reporting that the number of bald eagle pairs in Pennsylvania had increased from 3 in 1983 to 100 for the first time in over a century, the Associated Press reached into its file of bald eagle folklore and reported, “DDT poisoned the birds, killing some adults and making the eggs of those that survived thin. The thin eggs dramatically reduced the chances of eaglets surviving to adulthood. DDT was banned in 1972. The next year, the Endangered Species Act passed and the bald eagles began their dramatic recovery.”
While the AP acknowledged the fact that bald eagle populations “were considered a nuisance and routinely shot by hunters, farmers and fishermen” – spurring a 1940 federal law protecting bald eagles – the AP underplayed the significance of hunting and human encroachment and erroneously blamed DDT for the eagles’ near demise.
As early as 1921, the journal Ecology reported that bald eagles were threatened with extinction – 22 years before DDT production even began. According to a report in the National Museum Bulletin, the bald eagle reportedly had vanished from New England by 1937 – 10 years before widespread use of the pesticide.