Planning Tools for Climate Adaptation and Community Resilience: Lessons from Natural Hazard Mitigation Planning. Erica Hetzel & Erica Largen UAP 4364: Environmental Planning Seminar. CONTENTS. Rationale: Climate Adaptation from Natural Hazard Mitigation The Climate Imperative
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Planning Tools for Climate Adaptation and Community Resilience: Lessons from Natural Hazard Mitigation Planning
Erica Hetzel & Erica Largen
UAP 4364: Environmental Planning Seminar
Adjustment in natural or human systems to a new or changing environment that exploits beneficial opportunities or moderates negative effects.
The potential of a system to adjust to climate change, to moderate potential damages, to take advantage of opportunities, and to cope with the consequences. A society’s ability is a function of its adaptive capacity.
A capability to anticipate, prepare for, respond to, and recover fromsignificant multi-hazard threats with minimum damage to social
well-being, the economy, and the environment.
Intercepting the impacts of a hazard or climate change. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions (climate change);weakening the effects (natural hazards)
The degree to which a system is susceptible to, or unable to cope with, adverse effects of climate change, including climate variability and extremes.
A combination of the magnitude of potential consequences of climate change impacts and the likelihood that these consequences will occur.
Risk = hazard + exposure + vulnerability
[The inadequacy of our infrastructure for increasingly stronger storm surges]
The CBRA’s Flaws:
Holding the line on federal support? Virtually nothing to contain development. A deregulation serving private interests
To protect critical environmental areas is to reduce the vulnerability of populations, property, and resources to natural hazards and increase the resilience of the community to climate change.
“But what is fairly certain is that storms like Sandy are going to grow stronger and more frequent, and our shorelines will become more vulnerable. For the present storm, all we could do was stock up on canned goods and fill our bathtubs. But for storms to come, we’d better start planting a lot more oysters”
Hurricane Katrina illustrated the need for a strong social fabric and resilient economy, including the most vulnerable groups and can rebound from impacts for public services.
(1) policy advocacy coalitions?
(2) policy streams and windows ?
(3) punctuated equilibrium?
Who is most vulnerable to the impacts? How interactions between society and nature create degrees of vulnerability?
Community-based and preemptive approaches:
The natural hazard planning can no longer take the reactive planning approach.
The global effects of climate change will produce frequent and more severe hazards and weather patterns.
“The era of procrastination, of half-measures, of soothing and baffling expedients, of delays, is coming to its close. In its place we are entering a period of consequences.”- Winston Churchill