Quick Breads. Intro to Foods and Nutrition. Quick Breads.
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Quick breads are flour mixtures. They include many different kinds of breads which differ greatly in flavor, size and shape, and general appearance. All of them can be made quickly and served piping hot. They are made with a variety of fast-acting leavening agents. That is why they are called Quick Breads.
Quick Bread Grouping
There are three types of quick breads:
1. Pour batters: thin in consistency, these can be “poured” from the mixing bowl. They may contain equal amounts or close to equal amounts of liquid to flour ratio. Ex) waffles, pancakes, popovers. RATIO 1:1
2. Drop batters: are fairly thick and need to be scraped from the bowl into the baking pan. They usually contain twice as much flour as liquid. Ex) Muffins, biscuits, quick loaf breads and coffee cakes. RATIO 2:1
3.Soft dough: is thick enough to roll and shape by hand. It contains about three times as much flour as liquid. Ex) biscuits, doughnuts, scones and some coffee cakes. RATIO 3:1
Ingredients and Nutrients
All quick breads contain most of these basic ingredients:
1. Flour- Structure
2. Leavening agents-rise and become light and porous
3. Salt- Flavor
4. Fat- Tenderness
5. Liquid- Activates the leavening agents and dissolves ingredients
6. Egg-Color, flavor and nutrients
7. Sugar-Sweetness and browning
Leavening agentsfor Quick Breads
Baking soda and Baking powder
When you mix flour with water you form GLUTEN.
GLUTEN gives strength and elasticity to the batter or dough and will retain the air, steam or carbon dioxide so that the bread can increase in volume.
If you over mix and handle quick breads too much, a large amount of gluten is developed and breads become tough.
Quick Bread Preparation
There are three basic methods to mixing quick breads:
1.The MUFFIN METHOD:
Used for muffins, waffles, griddle cakes, popovers and fruit and nut breads.
Mix dry ingredients (sometimes sift) in a bowl and make a well
Combine the liquid (separately)
Pour liquids into the well of dry ingredients
Mix to combine ingredients until just moistened
Scrap from bowl into pan
Bake until golden brown with rounded top, slight cracking on top and no tunnels
2. The BISCUIT METHOD:
Sift together dry ingredients
Cut fat into the flour mixture using a pastry blender
Add liquid all at once and combine
Turn dough out and knead. Roll dough flat
Use a floured biscuit cutter to cut biscuits
Bake on an ungreased cookie sheets until golden brown with a flat top and symmetrical