Vulnerable Populations. MODULE ONE: . Objectives. Students will: Name 2 populations considered to be vulnerable and at risk for health care disparities. Describe health care disparities facing vulnerable populations.
Source: Health Resources & Services Administration-2006
Differences or inequalities in health care status due to gender, race/ethnicity, education, disability, geographic location or sexual orientation.
Source: National Health Care Disparities Report- 2003
Low income children
Frail older adults
Immigrants/Migrant Farm workers
People with HIV/AIDSWho are the Vulnerable?
Poverty affects physical and mental development and school achievement.
There are 13 million low income children.
16 % of families with children are hungry.
States with high levels of child poverty:
Source: National Center for Children in Poverty
Dec. 2006 Report
Source: 2002 Health and Retirement Study
Source: Commonwealth Fund 2006
Source: 2004 National Health Care Disparities Report
Source: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation 2006
Source: Connecticut Migrant Health Network
Source: US Dept. Health & Human Services 2006, Poverty Guidelines
“Those with the greatest health care needs may have the least ability to read and comprehend information…” AMA Report 1998
Lack of Access to health care - no insurance, job or money to pay for insurance
No transportation to get to the doctor
Isolation- in some rural areas, no health care close by
Examples: Part time worker doesn’t qualify for health care benefits
Rural elderly may live over 100 miles from the nearest hospital.Social Factor: Lack of Access
Increase the health care workforce by:
Eliminate health disparities by: