Will duct tape cure my warts examining complementary and alternative medicine
Download
1 / 31

Will duct tape cure my warts Examining Complementary and Alternative Medicine - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 219 Views
  • Uploaded on

Will duct tape cure my warts? Examining Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Karen Vargas Consumer Health Outreach Coordinator National Network of Libraries of Medicine South Central Region. Agenda. Introducing CAM Evaluating Web Sites Recommended Websites Reviewing the Evidence.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Will duct tape cure my warts Examining Complementary and Alternative Medicine' - jana


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Will duct tape cure my warts examining complementary and alternative medicine l.jpg

Will duct tape cure my warts? Examining Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Karen Vargas

Consumer Health Outreach Coordinator

National Network of Libraries of Medicine

South Central Region


Agenda l.jpg
Agenda Alternative Medicine

  • Introducing CAM

  • Evaluating Web Sites

  • Recommended Websites

  • Reviewing the Evidence


How do you get rid of a wart l.jpg

garlic pills Alternative Medicine

cabbage

alfalfa pills

e

castor oil

iodine

banana peel

toothpaste

How do you get rid of a wart?

potato

silk thread

nail polish

duct tape

raw meat

witch hazel

dandelion juice

aloe

cigarette ashes

apple cider

quarters

c

orange peel


What is cam l.jpg
What is CAM? Alternative Medicine

  • Complementary and Alternative Medicine

  • Complementary: together with

    • aromatherapy to help with pain after surgery

  • Alternative: in place of

    • using garlic to lower blood pressure


Cam becomes legit l.jpg
CAM becomes “legit” Alternative Medicine

  • 1990

    • Wilk et al v. AMA

  • 1991

    • $2 million in funding to establish NIH Office of Alternative Medicine

  • 1994

    • Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act


Cam becomes legit6 l.jpg
CAM becomes “legit” Alternative Medicine

  • 1995

    • NIH Office of Dietary Supplements

    • FDA declassifies Acupuncture needles as experimental product

  • 1996

    • NIH Consensus Conference on Acupuncture

  • 1997

    • First large trial of CAM therapy, St. John’s Wort for depression


Cam becomes legit7 l.jpg
CAM becomes “legit” Alternative Medicine

  • 1998

    • National Center for Complementary & Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) established http://nccam.nih.gov/

    • First full scale article in JAMA on herbal medicine

    • Office of Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine (OCCAM) established http://www.cancer.gov/cam/

  • 2001

    • CAM on PubMed (NCCAM and NLM)

  • 2009 - $296 million in NIH CAM research


Impact of cam l.jpg
Impact of CAM Alternative Medicine

  • CDC Report (2007)

    • 38% of adults used some form of CAM

    • Children whose parent used CAM were 2x as likely to have used CAM

    • CAM use more prevalent for: women, adults aged 30-69, higher levels of education, adults who were not poor, adults living in the West, and former smokers

  • Full report: http://nccam.nih.gov/news/camstats/


Diseases and conditions l.jpg
Diseases and Conditions Alternative Medicine


Top cam therapies l.jpg
Top CAM Therapies Alternative Medicine


Top 10 supplements l.jpg
Top 10 Supplements Alternative Medicine


Categorization of therapies l.jpg
Categorization of Therapies Alternative Medicine

  • Whole Medical Systems

  • Biologically Based Practices

  • Energy Medicine

  • Manipulative and Body-Based Practices

  • Mind-Body Medicine

National Center of Complementary and Alternative Medicine


Whole medical systems l.jpg
Whole Medical Systems Alternative Medicine

  • Complete systems of theory and practice that evolved independently

  • Traditional systems of medicine that are practiced by individual cultures throughout the world

    • Includes traditional Chinese medicine, Ayurvedic medicine, homeopathy, naturopathy

National Center of Complementary and Alternative Medicine


Biologically based practices l.jpg
Biologically Based Practices Alternative Medicine

  • Includes: botanicals, animal-derived extracts, vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, amino acids, proteins, whole diets, and functional foods

    • Dietary supplements are a subset of biologically based practices

National Center of Complementary and Alternative Medicine


Biologically based supplements l.jpg
Biologically Based - Supplements Alternative Medicine

  • What is a supplement?

  • Regulated by FDA http://www.fda.gov

    • no requirements for FDA testing

    • manufacturers responsible for ensuring product safety

    • label requirements

  • Safety alerts: http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/ds-warn.html


Energy medicine l.jpg
Energy Medicine Alternative Medicine

  • Veritable - energy that can be measured

    • Includes sound, visible light, magnetism

  • Putative – energy that has yet to be measured

    • human beings are infused with a subtle form of energy

    • Includes qi (ki in Japanese); doshas; prana, homeopathic resonance

National Center of Complementary and Alternative Medicine


Energy medicine acupuncture l.jpg
Energy Medicine - Acupuncture Alternative Medicine

  • Few complications

  • Scientific evidence?

    • post chemotherapy management of nausea

    • pain relief

  • NIH Consensus Statement (1997)

    • http://consensus.nih.gov/1997/1997Acupuncture107html.htm


Manipulative and body based l.jpg
Manipulative and Body-Based Alternative Medicine

  • Structures and systems of the body, including the bones and joints, the soft tissues, and the circulatory and lymphatic systems

    • Includes chiropractic manipulation, massage therapy, reflexology, rolfing, Alexander technique,Feldenkrais method

*National Center of Complementary and Alternative Medicine


Mind body medicine l.jpg
Mind-Body Medicine Alternative Medicine

  • Interactions among the brain, mind, body, and behavior

  • The ways in which emotional, mental, social, spiritual, and behavioral factors can directly affect health

    • Includes relaxation, hypnosis, visual imagery, meditation, yoga, biofeedback, tai chi, group support, and spirituality

*National Center of Complementary and Alternative Medicine


Other cam therapies l.jpg
Other CAM Therapies Alternative Medicine

  • Aromatherapy

  • Colonic Irrigation

  • Therapeutic Touch

  • EDTA Chelation

  • Cupping

  • Primordial Sound Meditation


Avoiding bad science l.jpg
Avoiding Bad Science Alternative Medicine

  • The “One Product Does It All” claim

    http://www.emuoilcanada.com/

  • Personal Testimonials http://www.getslimslippers.com/

  • Quick Fixes/Cures

    http://www.improveyourhealthonline.com/

  • The “No Risk Money Back Guarantee” http://www.naturalhpvcure.com/

  • The “Natural” claim

    http://www.amtrueman.com/products.html


Evaluating web sites l.jpg
Evaluating Web Sites Alternative Medicine

  • Accuracy

  • Authority

  • Bias

  • Currency

  • Coverage


Evaluation exercises l.jpg
Evaluation Exercises Alternative Medicine


Recommended websites l.jpg
Recommended Websites Alternative Medicine

About Herbs, Botanicals & Other Products


Examining the research l.jpg
Examining the Research Alternative Medicine

  • Observational Studies

  • Clinical Trials/Studies

    • controlled

    • blind/double-blind

    • randomized

  • ClinicalTrials.gov

    • Government and private clinical studies involving humans

    • http://clinicaltrials.gov


Clinical trials and cam l.jpg
Clinical Trials and CAM Alternative Medicine

  • Drug companies vs. supplement companies

  • Customization of treatment in CAM

  • CAM does not necessarily want to be studied

  • CAM has only recently become “legit” in the scientific community


Money to fund cam l.jpg
Money to fund CAM Alternative Medicine

  • NCCAM: $121.7 million (2009)

  • OCCAM: $121.9 million (2009)

    • Total all NIH: $296 million

  • What about funding for pharmaceuticals?

    • $65.2 billion on R&D (2008) by drug companies

    • $114.4 billion on R&D (2008) by NIH (this includes NCCAM and OCCAM)


The other side l.jpg
The other side Alternative Medicine

  • Some say CAM research should not be funded

    • http://www.nccamwatch.org/ (Stephen Barrett)

  • Or some CAM research should not be funded

    • http://tinyurl.com/46ayhjj


Reviewing the evidence l.jpg
Reviewing the Evidence Alternative Medicine

  • Evidence Based Medicine: “What evidence do we have to justify the treatment…”

  • National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)

  • CAM on PubMed http://pubmed.gov


Cam on pubmed exercises l.jpg
CAM on PubMed Exercises Alternative Medicine


Slide31 l.jpg

Questions? Alternative Medicine

Karen Vargas

[email protected]

National Network of Libraries of Medicine

South Central Region

800-338-7657


ad