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The War of Independence From the Partition Decision to shaping Israel’s borders 1947-1949 The war of communities (12/47-4/48) The Arabs never accepted the Partition. Attacks on roads and Jewish traffic by irregular local Arabs.

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The War of Independence

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The war of independence l.jpg

The War of Independence

From the Partition Decision to shaping Israel’s borders

1947-1949


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The war of communities (12/47-4/48)

  • The Arabs never accepted the Partition. Attacks on roads and Jewish traffic by irregular local Arabs.

  • The Haganah brings supplies to different places with convoys. Shortage of weapons and ammunition.

  • The Yeshuv is very vulnerable.A lot of settlements are isolated. Jerusalem is under siege. Neighborhoods in mixed cities and frontier areas are attacked.

  • An army of Arab volunteers from different countries, “Arab Liberation Army”, invades North Palestine (include 4 regiments).

  • Jewish convoys are ambushed by Arabs, and their passengers killed


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Plan D’ – creating territorial continuity

  • The U.S. government tried to cancel the partition. Later on, they suggested that the Zionists postpone the declaration of an independent state

  • The last month of the Mandate, a large Jewish military initiative. The purpose: to connect all the Jewish enclaves.

  • Arab forces - local and foreign volunteers - can’t coordinate their responses.

  • Arab Elites leave Palestine. After Dir Yassin events, the beginning of a mass exodus


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The declaration and the invasion

  • Regardless of American demand and military risk, the state is declared.

  • The Jewish state is named “Israel”

  • 5 regular Arab armies invade Palestine.

  • The Arabs’ plan – A Blitz directed to Haifa

  • The Arabs’ invitation and the different interests of Arab countries


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The Balance of Power – May 15, 1948


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From the invasion to the First truce

  • The Egyptians succeed to get as close as 16 miles from Tel Aviv and to the Southern outskirts of Jerusalem

  • Syrian and Lebanese invade the North.

  • The Arab legion (Trans-Jordan army) cut the way to Jerusalem and capture the Jewish quarter of the old city

  • Iraqi troops threaten to cut the Jewish state in half


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The Jewish state’s struggle to survive

  • The Syrians and the Lebanese are stopped by local forces in Degania and Malkiyah

  • After three failed attempts to take Latrun and open the way to Jerusalem, a new way is built in the mountain – the Burma road

  • Iraqi troops and Kaukji Army stop their advance due to Jewish attacks

  • First 5 fighter planes arrived in Israel and stopped the Egyptian troops in Isdud

  • The Haganah became the IDF (Israel defense forces). Etzel and Lehi merge into the new force


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From truce to armistice

  • After 3 and a half weeks, the UN call for a monthly truce was accepted.

  • Israel organizes its forces.

  • From now on the initiative is the hands of Israelis.

  • The ten days’ fight and the second truce

  • The last stage – the Negev and the Galilee are annexed to Israel


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Operation Horev and the creation of Gaza strip and the West Bank


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