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The War of Independence From the Partition Decision to shaping Israel’s borders 1947-1949 The war of communities (12/47-4/48) The Arabs never accepted the Partition. Attacks on roads and Jewish traffic by irregular local Arabs.

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the war of independence

The War of Independence

From the Partition Decision to shaping Israel’s borders

1947-1949

the war of communities 12 47 4 48
The war of communities (12/47-4/48)
  • The Arabs never accepted the Partition. Attacks on roads and Jewish traffic by irregular local Arabs.
  • The Haganah brings supplies to different places with convoys. Shortage of weapons and ammunition.
  • The Yeshuv is very vulnerable.A lot of settlements are isolated. Jerusalem is under siege. Neighborhoods in mixed cities and frontier areas are attacked.
  • An army of Arab volunteers from different countries, “Arab Liberation Army”, invades North Palestine (include 4 regiments).
  • Jewish convoys are ambushed by Arabs, and their passengers killed
plan d creating territorial continuity
Plan D’ – creating territorial continuity
  • The U.S. government tried to cancel the partition. Later on, they suggested that the Zionists postpone the declaration of an independent state
  • The last month of the Mandate, a large Jewish military initiative. The purpose: to connect all the Jewish enclaves.
  • Arab forces - local and foreign volunteers - can’t coordinate their responses.
  • Arab Elites leave Palestine. After Dir Yassin events, the beginning of a mass exodus
the declaration and the invasion
The declaration and the invasion
  • Regardless of American demand and military risk, the state is declared.
  • The Jewish state is named “Israel”
  • 5 regular Arab armies invade Palestine.
  • The Arabs’ plan – A Blitz directed to Haifa
  • The Arabs’ invitation and the different interests of Arab countries
from the invasion to the first truce
From the invasion to the First truce
  • The Egyptians succeed to get as close as 16 miles from Tel Aviv and to the Southern outskirts of Jerusalem
  • Syrian and Lebanese invade the North.
  • The Arab legion (Trans-Jordan army) cut the way to Jerusalem and capture the Jewish quarter of the old city
  • Iraqi troops threaten to cut the Jewish state in half
the jewish state s struggle to survive
The Jewish state’s struggle to survive
  • The Syrians and the Lebanese are stopped by local forces in Degania and Malkiyah
  • After three failed attempts to take Latrun and open the way to Jerusalem, a new way is built in the mountain – the Burma road
  • Iraqi troops and Kaukji Army stop their advance due to Jewish attacks
  • First 5 fighter planes arrived in Israel and stopped the Egyptian troops in Isdud
  • The Haganah became the IDF (Israel defense forces). Etzel and Lehi merge into the new force
from truce to armistice
From truce to armistice
  • After 3 and a half weeks, the UN call for a monthly truce was accepted.
  • Israel organizes its forces.
  • From now on the initiative is the hands of Israelis.
  • The ten days’ fight and the second truce
  • The last stage – the Negev and the Galilee are annexed to Israel
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