The rooms of a house los cuartos en la casa
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The Rooms of a House "Los Cuartos en la Casa". El Desvan El B año El Dormitorio El Estudio La Cocina El Comedor La Sala El Sótano Las Escaleras. Inside the house. The Kitchen – La Cocina. The Bathroom – El Ba ñ o. The Dining room – El comedor.

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The rooms of a house los cuartos en la casa l.jpg
The Rooms of a House "Los Cuartos en la Casa"

  • El Desvan

  • El Baño

  • El Dormitorio

  • El Estudio

  • La Cocina

  • El Comedor

  • La Sala

  • ElSótano

  • Las Escaleras


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Inside the house

The Kitchen – La Cocina

The Bathroom – El Baño

The Dining room – El comedor

The Bedroom – El Dormitorio


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Inside the house

The Living room – La Sala

The Study room – El Estudio

The stairs – La Escalera

The Attic – El desvan


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Define – Articles - Indefinite( el, los, la, las) (un, unos, una, unas)

  • Imagine a house full of rooms. There are bathrooms, bedrooms, living room, and one kitchen.

  • The first sentence speaks of to a specific room (or definite) :Go to the Kitchen.

    Ve a la Cocina.

  • The second sentence speaks of to a room in general :Go to a room.

    Ve a un cuarto.

Ve a la Cocina - definite

Ve a un cuarto - indefinite


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The definite article

In English, the definite article is the word "the" regardless of whether

the noun it introduces is singular or plural.

  • the cookie the cookies

  • La galletaLas galletas

    In Spanish, the definite article has 4 forms, depending on whether the

    noun is masculine, feminine, singular or plural.

  • el bañoel masculine singular the Bathroom

  • los baños losmasculine pluralthe bathrooms

  • la cocina lafeminine singularthe Kitchen

  • las cocinaslasfeminine plural the kitchens


  • The indefinite article l.jpg
    The indefinite article

    In English, the indefinite article is the word "a," "an," or "some.“

    • a house an attic some rooms

    • Una casaun desvan unos cuartos

      In Spanish, the indefinite article has 4 forms, depending on whether the

      noun is masculine, feminine, singular or plural.

    • uncuartoun masculine singular a room

    • unoscuartos unosmasculine pluralsome rooms

    • unacasa unafeminine singulara house

    • unascasasunasfeminine plural some houses


    Definite indefinite all spanish words have gender l.jpg

    In Spanish, the definite article has

    4 forms, depending on whether

    the noun is masculine, feminine,

    singular or plural.

    el masculine singular

    losmasculine plural

    lafeminine singular

    lasfeminine plural

    In Spanish, the indefinite article

    has 4 forms, depending on

    whether the noun is masculine,

    feminine, singular or plural.

    un masculine singular

    una feminine singular

    unosmasculine plural

    unasfeminine plural

    Definite – Indefinite All Spanish words have gender


    The definite and indefinite singular or plural article l.jpg

    Here are the definite and indefinite articles together:

    el, unmasculine singular

    la, unafeminine singular

    los, unosmasculine plural

    las, unasfeminine plural

    "Un" and "una" can mean "one," "a," or "an." “unos” and “unas” mean “some”

    un cuartoone room, a room

    una cocinaone kitchen, a kitchen

    un desvanone attic, an attic

    Unas escaleras

    Some stairs

    The definite and indefinite Singular or Plural article


    Here are the definite articles l.jpg
    Here are the definite articles:

    Here are the indefinite articles:


    Articles and gender art culos y g nero l.jpg
    Articles and genderArtículos y género

    • All nouns in Spanish have gender, they are either masculine or feminine, as are their corresponding articles (el, la, los, las; una, uno, unos, unas).

    • Most nouns that end in o are masculine and most that end in a are feminine. There are, however a few exceptions.

    muchedumbre Costumbre

    Suffix

    umbre


    Masculine plural definite indefinite los unos l.jpg
    Masculine Plural definite - indefinitelos, unos

    • The masculine plural definite and indefinite articles (los, unos) are also used to indicate a group of mixed sex.

    • "Los niños" could refer to a group of,

    10 male boys

    Los niños - unos niños

    9 female girls and one male boy

    Los niños - unos niños


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    Activity to practice

    Pass around pictures to each student


    List of nouns use the definite article l.jpg

    Mesa

    List of NounsUse the definite article

    Perro

    Profesora

    Carro

    Casa


    List of nouns use the indefinite article l.jpg
    List of NounsUse the indefinite article

    Libros

    Galletas

    Platano

    Manzana

    Calabaza


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    Discussion Questions:

    • How many forms has the definite article “the” in Spanish?

    • What the indefinite article un, una, unos, unas means?

    • “Give me a chocolate cookie” Is this definite or indefinite article ?

    • which is the right article use to name the noun “perro”? Is this feminine/masculine, singular/plural ?

    • We have a group of 8 female cats and 2 male cats. How should we refer to the group?


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