The Rape of the Lock by Alexander Pope. About Alexander Pope. ※Born in a Catholic family Suffered from prejudices Educated in Twyford. ※Moved to Binfield in 1700 Self-taught: “did nothing but read and write” Suffered from ill health: tuberculosis, asthma, and headaches.
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※Born in a Catholic
Self-taught: “did nothing but read and write”
Suffered from ill health: tuberculosis, asthma, and headachesAbout Alexander Pope
※Moved to Binfield in 1700
※Published An Essay on Criticism in 1711
First striking success as a poet
※Made friends with Jonathan Swift and John GayAbout Alexander Pope
※Published an early version of “The Rape of the Lock” in 1712 (two cantos)
A funny battle between sexes and follies of a young ladyAbout Alexander Pope
※ Expanded “The Rape of the Lock” in 1714
◎Background: in 1712 (two cantos)
John Caryll’s suggestion to “pour poetic oils on these troubled waters” or
Hope that “a little laughter might serve to soothe ruffled tempers.”
Do not worry about trivial things!About Alexander Pope
※Translated Iliad and Odyssey into English
※Published in 1712 (two cantos)The Dunciad in 1728
Became professional satirist
“Sleepless themselves to give their readers sleep”About Alexander Pope
※ Died on May 30, 1744 in 1712 (two cantos)
The “Age of Pope” endedAbout Alexander Pope
Belinda awakes from sleeping in 1712 (two cantos)
The dream of Belinda
Belinda prepares for the day’s social activitiesCanto 1
The travel on the in 1712 (two cantos)Thames river
The prayer of the young adventurer Baron
The Sylphs’ mission to “tend the Fair”—to protect Belinda
Ariel—Shock, Belinda’s lapdog
fifty chosen Sylphs—the petticoatCanto 2
The game of cards—ombre in 1712 (two cantos)
The rape of the lockCanto 3
Umbriel, the earthy gnome, descends to the Cave of Spleen
Thalestris’ speech rouses the rage of Belinda
Sir Plume bids in vain the payment of the lockCanto 4
Clarissa’s speech the lock
The battle of belles and beaux
The lock rises to the heaven and becomes a starCanto 5
Epic the lock
A long narrative poem the lock
Elevated, grand style
Great heroes and heroines
The setting is vast in geographical range
Supernatural powerEpic, the Characteristics
Invocate the Muse’s aid. (Calliope)
Ask epic question(s).
Begin with inmedias res.
Use epithets and similes.
Gods’ interference in human affairs.Epic Conventions
A work designed to ridicule attitudes, style, or subject matter by handling either an elevated subject in a trivial manner or a low subject with mock dignity (Karl 30).
Renders a trivial subject ridiculous by treating it with the elaborate (Karl 31).
Compare small things with something great.Mock Epic
The Epic Question matter by handling either an elevated subject in a trivial manner or a low subject with mock dignity (Karl 30).
Heroic couplet matter by handling either an elevated subject in a trivial manner or a low subject with mock dignity (Karl 30).
Rhymed in every two lines.
Ten syllables in each line
Alternate with stressed and unstressed syllablesStructure