1. The History of English maps and materials
7. What does OE sound like?
8. Some Examples Se man is god ‘the man is good’
Ne drincst Þu win? “not drinkest thou wine?
Ne habbað we cyning “not have we a king”
We eow can. “We y’all know’
Heo hine lærde “She him advised’
Hi hæfdon hire mete geboht. “ They had their food brought’
He geseah Þone mann “ he saw the man”
9. OE Morphology OE inflects for
Case (subject, object, ind.Obj, poss.)
Gender (masculine, feminine, neuter)
Number (singular, plural)
11. Middle English (1100-1500) in 1066 England was invaded (for the last time) by William the Conquerer of Normandy.
unites the kingdom.
replaces traditional gov’t with a new system and his own appointments.
replaces the English nobility with Normans.
replaces the Church leadership with Normans
12. Some ME loans from French Law and government
attorney, bailiff, chancellor, chattel, country, court, crime, defendent, evidence, government, jail, judge,
jury, larceny, noble, parliament, plaintiff, plea, prison, revenue, state, tax, verdict
abbot, chaplain, chapter, clergy, friar, prayer, preach, priest, religion, sacrament, saint, sermon
baron, baroness; count, countess; duke, duchess; marquis, marquess; prince, princess; viscount, viscountess; noble,
royal (contrast native words: king, queen, earl, lord, lady, knight, kingly, queenly)
army, artillery, battle, captain, company, corporal, defense,enemy,marine, navy, sergeant, soldier, volunteer
beef, boil, broil, butcher, dine, fry, mutton, pork, poultry, roast, salmon, stew, veal
Culture and luxury goods
art, bracelet, claret, clarinet, dance, diamond, fashion, fur, jewel, oboe, painting, pendant, satin, ruby,
adventure, change, charge, chart, courage, devout, dignity, enamor, feign, fruit, letter, literature,
magic, male, female, mirror, pilgrimage, proud, question, regard, special
13. latinate vs. germanic vocabulary
14. Two systems of word formation Germanic Compounding
beef meat label ing over watch ing task over give ing law
"Beef labeling oversight transfer law"
15. Compounds in English English:
Dining room table
third base umpire
upstaris bed room
Nouns can be freely compunded. The meaning of new words is only partially transparent:
Snowman vs. trashman
16. Latinate word formation